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Author

Yi-Chun Zhu

Bio: Yi-Chun Zhu is an academic researcher from Fudan University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Small molecule & Cysteine. The author has co-authored 1 publication(s).

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TL;DR: In this article, two main theories of hydrogen sulfide's working mechanism are discussed and compared, and the authors discuss which one is the more effective or direct mechanism for H2S and what is the relationship between them.
Abstract: Hydrogen sulfide, a small molecule, produced by endogenous enzymes, such as CTH, CBS, and MPST using L-cysteine as substrates, has been reported to have numerous protective effects. However, the key problem that the target of H2S and how it can affect the structure and activity of biological molecules is still unknown. Till now, there are two main theories of its working mechanism. One is that H2S can modify the free thiol in cysteine to produce the persulfide state of the thiol and the sulfhydration of cysteine can significantly change the structure and activity of target proteins. The other theory is that H2S, as an antioxidant molecule, can directly break the disulfide bond in target proteins, and the persulfide state of thiol can be an intermediate product during the reaction. Both phenomena exit for no doubt since they are both supported by large amounts of experiments. Here, we will summarize both theories and try to discuss which one is the more effective or direct mechanism for H2S and what is the relationship between them. Therefore, we will discover more protein targets of H2S with the mechanism and understand more about the effect of this small molecule.