Other affiliations: Institute for Infocomm Research Singapore, University of Hong Kong, City University of Hong Kong ...read more
Bio: Yong-Xin Guo is an academic researcher from National University of Singapore. The author has contributed to research in topics: Microstrip antenna & Antenna (radio). The author has an hindex of 57, co-authored 503 publications receiving 11183 citations. Previous affiliations of Yong-Xin Guo include Institute for Infocomm Research Singapore & University of Hong Kong.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, a dual-band rectenna that can harvest ambient RF power of GSM-1800 and UMTS-2100 bands efficiently is presented, which is based on a broadband 1 × 4 quasi-Yagi antenna array with bandwidth from 1.8 to 2.2 GHz.
Abstract: This letter presents a dual-band rectenna that can harvest ambient RF power of GSM-1800 and UMTS-2100 bands efficiently. The novel rectenna is based on a broadband 1 × 4 quasi-Yagi antenna array with bandwidth from 1.8 to 2.2 GHz and high gains of 10.9 and 13.3 dBi at 1.85 and 2.15 GHz, respectively. Also, a dual-band rectifier that can sufficiently enhance the RF-to-dc power conversion efficiency (PCE) at ambient RF power level is designed for the rectenna. Measurement results show that a PCE of 40% and an output dc voltage of 224 mV have been achieved over a 5-k Ω resistor when the dual-tone input power density is 455 μW/m 2. Additionally, output dc voltage varying between 300-400 mV can be obtained by collecting the relatively low ambient RF power.
TL;DR: This review presents the theory, link design, and challenges, along with their probable solutions for the traditional near-field resonant inductively coupled WPT, capacitively coupled short-ranged W PT, and more recently developed ultrasonic, mid-field, and far-field coupled W PT technologies for implantable applications.
Abstract: Neural implants have emerged over the last decade as highly effective solutions for the treatment of dysfunctions and disorders of the nervous system. These implants establish a direct, often bidirectional, interface to the nervous system, both sensing neural signals and providing therapeutic treatments. As a result of the technological progress and successful clinical demonstrations, completely implantable solutions have become a reality and are now commercially available for the treatment of various functional disorders. Central to this development is the wireless power transfer (WPT) that has enabled implantable medical devices (IMDs) to function for extended durations in mobile subjects. In this review, we present the theory, link design, and challenges, along with their probable solutions for the traditional near-field resonant inductively coupled WPT, capacitively coupled short-ranged WPT, and more recently developed ultrasonic, mid-field, and far-field coupled WPT technologies for implantable applications. A comparison of various power transfer methods based on their power budgets and WPT range follows. Power requirements of specific implants like cochlear, retinal, cortical, and peripheral are also considered and currently available IMD solutions are discussed. Patient's safety concerns with respect to electrical, biological, physical, electromagnetic interference, and cyber security from an implanted neurotech device are also explored in this review. Finally, we discuss and anticipate future developments that will enhance the capabilities of current-day wirelessly powered implants and make them more efficient and integrable with other electronic components in IMDs.
TL;DR: In this article, a high-efficiency 2.45 GHz rectenna with a simple structure and high gain of 8.6 dBi is proposed for the rectenna, which can harvest low input RF power effectively.
Abstract: This letter presents a high-efficiency 2.45-GHz rectenna that can harvest low input RF power effectively. A new antenna with a simple structure and high gain of 8.6 dBi is proposed for the rectenna. The antenna is designed to directly match the rectifying circuit at 2.45 GHz and mismatch it at the second and third harmonics so that the use of bandpass filter between the antenna and rectifying circuit can be eliminated. The rectenna shows a maximum conversion efficiency of 83% with a load resistance of 1400 Ω. Furthermore, the overall conversion efficiency can remain 50% for the low, -17.2 dBm (corresponding power density 0.22 μW/cm2 ) input power level.
TL;DR: In this article, a single-fed miniaturized circularly polarized microstrip patch antenna is designed and experimentally demonstrated for industrial-scientific-medical (2.4-2.48 GHz) biomedical applications.
Abstract: A single-fed miniaturized circularly polarized microstrip patch antenna is designed and experimentally demonstrated for industrial-scientific-medical (2.4-2.48 GHz) biomedical applications. The proposed antenna is designed by utilizing the capacitive loading on the radiator. Compared with the initial topology of the proposed antenna, the so-called square patch antenna with a center-square slot, the proposed method has the advantage of good size reduction and good polarization purity. The footprint of the proposed antenna is 10×10×1.27 mm3. The simulated impedance, axial ratio, and radiation pattern are studied and compared in two simulation models: cubic skin phantom and Gustav voxel human body. The effect of different body phantoms is discussed to evaluate the sensitivity of the proposed antenna. The effect of coaxial cable is also discussed. Two typical approaches to address the biocompatibility issue for practical applications are reported as well. The simulated and measured impedance bandwidths in cubic skin phantom are 7.7% and 10.2%, respectively. The performance of the communication link between the implanted CP antenna and the external antenna is also presented.
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of geometric parameters on the characteristics of the L-probe patch antenna are extensively studied and the variation of input impedance at resonance with different geometric parameters is plotted on a Smith chart.
Abstract: In this paper, the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method is employed to analyze L-probe proximity-fed rectangular patch antennas. Numerical results for the input impedance, co- and cross-polarization radiation patterns are presented and compared with the measurements. Good agreement between the computed and measured results is obtained. The effects of geometric parameters on the characteristics of the L-probe patch antenna are extensively studied. For design purposes, the variation of input impedance at resonance with different geometric parameters is plotted on a Smith chart. Mutual coupling between two L-probe patch antennas is also investigated.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
TL;DR: This paper presents an overview of the RF-EHNs including system architecture, RF energy harvesting techniques, and existing applications, and explores various key design issues according to the network types, i.e., single-hop networks, multiantenna networks, relay networks, and cognitive radio networks.
Abstract: Radio frequency (RF) energy transfer and harvesting techniques have recently become alternative methods to power the next-generation wireless networks As this emerging technology enables proactive energy replenishment of wireless devices, it is advantageous in supporting applications with quality-of-service requirements In this paper, we present a comprehensive literature review on the research progresses in wireless networks with RF energy harvesting capability, which is referred to as RF energy harvesting networks (RF-EHNs) First, we present an overview of the RF-EHNs including system architecture, RF energy harvesting techniques, and existing applications Then, we present the background in circuit design as well as the state-of-the-art circuitry implementations and review the communication protocols specially designed for RF-EHNs We also explore various key design issues in the development of RF-EHNs according to the network types, ie, single-hop networks, multiantenna networks, relay networks, and cognitive radio networks Finally, we envision some open research directions
01 Oct 2002
TL;DR: In this article, the authors provide an exhaustive coverage of broadband techniques, including the most up-to-date information to help users choose and design the optimum broadband microstrip antenna configurations without sacrificing other antenna parameters.
Abstract: Look to this new, cutting-edge microstrip antenna book for the first exhaustive coverage of broadband techniques, including the most up-to-date information to help you choose and design the optimum broadband microstrip antenna configurations for your applications, without sacrificing other antenna parameters. The book shows you how to take advantage of the lightweight, low volume benefits of these antennas, by providing clear explanations of the various configurations and simple design equations that help you analyze and design microstrip antennas with speed and confidence. This practical resource offers you a comprehensive understanding of the radiation mechanism and characteristic of microstrip antennas, and provides guidance in designing new types of planar monopole antennas with multi-octave bandwidth. You learn how to select and design proper broadband microstrip antenna configurations for compact, tunable, dual-band and circular polarization applications. Moreover, the book compares all the broadband techniques and suggests the most attractive configuration. Extensively referenced with over 300 illustrations and 140 equations.
TL;DR: In this paper, a mushroom-like E-plane coupled E-strip antenna array on a thick and high permittivity substrate has been analyzed using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method.
Abstract: Utilization of electromagnetic band-gap (EBG) structures is becoming attractive in the electromagnetic and antenna community. In this paper, a mushroom-like EBG structure is analyzed using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. Its band-gap feature of surface-wave suppression is demonstrated by exhibiting the near field distributions of the electromagnetic waves. The mutual coupling of microstrip antennas is parametrically investigated, including both the E and H coupling directions, different substrate thickness, and various dielectric constants. It is observed that the E-plane coupled microstrip antenna array on a thick and high permittivity substrate has a strong mutual coupling due to the pronounced surface waves. Therefore, an EBG structure is inserted between array elements to reduce the mutual coupling. This idea has been verified by both the FDTD simulations and experimental results. As a result, a significant 8 dB mutual coupling reduction is noticed from the measurements.
20 Sep 2004