Bio: Youngho Kim is an academic researcher from University of Western Australia. The author has contributed to research in topics: Ankle & Pile. The author has an hindex of 26, co-authored 227 publications receiving 2603 citations. Previous affiliations of Youngho Kim include Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology & Yonsei University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Each type of interferometric sensor is reviewed in terms of operating principles, fabrication methods, and application fields and some specific examples of recently reported interferometeric sensor technologies are presented in detail to show their large potential in practical applications.
Abstract: Fiber optic interferometers to sense various physical parameters including temperature, strain, pressure, and refractive index have been widely investigated. They can be categorized into four types: Fabry-Perot, Mach-Zehnder, Michelson, and Sagnac. In this paper, each type of interferometric sensor is reviewed in terms of operating principles, fabrication methods, and application fields. Some specific examples of recently reported interferometeric sensor technologies are presented in detail to show their large potential in practical applications. Some of the simple to fabricate but exceedingly effective Fabry-Perot interferometers, implemented in both extrinsic and intrinsic structures, are discussed. Also, a wide variety of Mach-Zehnder and Michelson interferometric sensors based on photonic crystal fibers are introduced along with their remarkable sensing performances. Finally, the simultaneous multi-parameter sensing capability of a pair of long period fiber grating (LPG) is presented in two types of structures; one is the Mach-Zehnder interferometer formed in a double cladding fiber and the other is the highly sensitive Sagnac interferometer cascaded with an LPG pair.
TL;DR: In this paper, the load distribution and deflection of large diameter piles are investigated by lateral load transfer method (p- y curve). Special attention is given to the soil continuity and soil resistance using three-dimensional finite element analysis.
Abstract: The load distribution and deflection of large diameter piles are investigated by lateral load transfer method ( p – y curve). Special attention is given to the soil continuity and soil resistance using three-dimensional finite element analysis. A framework for determining a p – y curve is calculated based on the surrounding soil stress. The appropriate parametric studies needed for verifying the p – y characteristic are presented in this paper. Through comparisons with results of field load tests, the three-dimensional numerical methodology in the present study is in good agreement with the general trend observed by in situ measurements and thus, represents a realistic soil–pile interaction for laterally loaded piles in clay than that of existing p – y method. It can be said that a rigorous numerical analysis can overcome the limitations of existing p – y methods to some extent by considering the effect of realistic three-dimensional combination of pile–soil forces.
TL;DR: MiRo is safe and effective for exploring the entire small bowel, with good image quality and real-time feasibility, and this novel transmission technology may have applications beyond the field of capsule endoscopy.
Abstract: Background We developed a capsule endoscope (CE), "MiRo," with the novel transmission technology of electric-field propagation. The technology uses the human body as a conductive medium for data transmission. Specifications of the prototype include the ability to receive real-time images; size, 10.8 × 24 mm; weight, 3.3 g; field of view, 150°; resolution of power, 320 × 320 pixels; and transmittal speed, 2 frames per second. Objective To evaluate the clinical safety and diagnostic feasibility of the prototype MiRo, we conducted a multicenter clinical trial. Design and Patients All volunteers underwent baseline examinations, including EGD and electrocardiography for the screening of GI obstructive and cardiovascular diseases, before the trial. In the first 10 cases, 24-hour Holter monitoring was also performed. To evaluate the diagnostic feasibility, transmission rate of the captured images, inspection rate of the entire small bowel, and quality of transmitted images (graded as outstanding, excellent, good/average, below average, and poor) were analyzed. Results Of the 49 healthy volunteers, 45 were included in the trial, and 4 were excluded because of baseline abnormalities. No adverse effects were noted. All CEs were expelled within 2 days, and the entire small bowel could be explored in all cases. The transmission rates of the captured image in the stomach, small bowel, and colon were 99.5%, 99.6%, and 97.2%, respectively. The mean total duration of image transmission was 9 hours, 51 minutes, and the mean transit time of the entire small bowel was 4 hours, 33 minutes. Image quality was graded as good or better in 41 cases (91.1%). Details of the villi and vascular structures of the entire small bowel were clearly visualized in 31 cases (68.9%). Conclusions MiRo is safe and effective for exploring the entire small bowel, with good image quality and real-time feasibility. This novel transmission technology may have applications beyond the field of capsule endoscopy.
TL;DR: The knee extension which is prominent kinematics during the squat lifting was produced by the contributions of the kinetic factors from the hip and ankle joints(extensor moment and power generation) and the lumbar extension which was produced could beproduced by the contribution of the knee joint kinetic factors(flexor moment, power absorption, bi-articular muscle function).
Abstract: In this study, kinematics and kinetics of the lower extremity joint and the lumbar lordosis during two different symmetrical lifting techniques(squat and stoop) were examined using the three-dimensional motion analysis. Twenty-six young male volunteers were selected for the subjects in this study. While they lifted boxes weighing 5, 10 and 15 kg by both squat and stoop lifting techniques, their motions were captured and analyzed using the 3D motion analysis system which was synchronized with two forceplates and the electromyographic system. Joint kinematics was determined by the forty-three reflective markers which were attached on the anatomical locations based on the VICON Plug-in-Gait marker placement protocol. Joint kinetics was analyzed by using the inverse dynamics. Paired t-test and Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the differences of variables between two techniques, and among three different weights. Correlation coefficient was calculated to explain the role of lower limb joint motion in relation to the lumbar lordosis. There were not significant differences in maximum lumbar joint moments between two techniques. The hip and ankle contributed the most part of the support moment during squat lifting, and the knee flexion moment played an important role in stoop lifting. The hip, ankle and lumbar joints generated power and only the knee joint absorbed power in the squat lifting. The knee and ankle joints absorbed power, the hip and lumbar joints generated power in the stoop lifting. The bi-articular antagonist muscles' co-contraction around the knee joint during the squat lifting and the eccentric co-contraction of the gastrocnemius and the biceps femoris were found important for maintaining the straight leg during the stoop lifting. At the time of lordotic curvature appearance in the squat lifting, there were significant correlations in all three lower extremity joint moments with the lumbar joint. Differently, only the hip moment had significant correlation with the lumbar joint in the stoop lifting. In conclusion, the knee extension which is prominent kinematics during the squat lifting was produced by the contributions of the kinetic factors from the hip and ankle joints(extensor moment and power generation) and the lumbar extension which is prominent kinematics during the stoop lifting could be produced by the contributions of the knee joint kinetic factors(flexor moment, power absorption, bi-articular muscle function).
TL;DR: In this article, the three-dimensional behavior of a piled raft on soft clay based on a numerical study using a 3D finite element method was described. And the effect of pile-soil slip on the bearing behavior of the piled raft was investigated.
Abstract: The piled raft has proved to be an economical foundation type compared to conventional pile foundations. However, there is a reluctance to consider the use of piled rafts on soft clay because of concerns about excessive settlement and insufficient bearing capacity. Despite these reasons, applications of piled rafts on soft clay have been increased recently. Current analysis methods for piled rafts on soft clay, however, are insufficient, especially for calculating the overall bearing capacity of the piled raft. This study describes the three-dimensional behavior of a piled raft on soft clay based on a numerical study using a 3D finite element method. The analysis includes a pile–soil slip interface model. A series of numerical analyses was performed for various pile lengths and pile configurations for a square raft subjected to vertical loading. Relatively stiff soil properties and different loading types were also used for estimating the bearing behavior of the piled raft. Based on the results, the effect of pile–soil slip on the bearing behavior of a piled raft was investigated. Furthermore, the proportion of load sharing of the raft and piles at the ultimate state and the relationship between the settlement and overall factor of safety was evaluated. The results show that the use of a limited number of piles, strategically located, might improve both bearing capacity and the settlement performance of the raft.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
TL;DR: In this article, the diffraction tomography theorem is adapted to one-dimensional length measurement and the resulting spectral interferometry technique is described and the first length measurements using this technique on a model eye and on a human eye in vivo are presented.
Abstract: The diffraction tomography theorem is adapted to one-dimensional length measurement. The resulting spectral interferometry technique is described and the first length measurements using this technique on a model eye and on a human eye in vivo are presented.
TL;DR: There are an immense number of sensors reported in the literature for hydrogen detection and in this article these sensors are classified into eight different operating principles, such as measuring range, sensitivity, selectivity and response time.
Abstract: Hydrogen sensors are of increasing importance in connection with the development and expanded use of hydrogen gas as an energy carrier and as a chemical reactant. There are an immense number of sensors reported in the literature for hydrogen detection and in this work these sensors are classified into eight different operating principles. Characteristic performance parameters of these sensor types, such as measuring range, sensitivity, selectivity and response time are reviewed and the latest technology developments are reported. Testing and validation of sensor performance are described in relation to standardisation and use in potentially explosive atmospheres so as to identify the requirements on hydrogen sensors for practical applications.