Other affiliations: Chinese Academy of Sciences
Bio: Yuping Wu is an academic researcher from Hohai University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Coating & Thermal spraying. The author has an hindex of 25, co-authored 80 publications receiving 1873 citations. Previous affiliations of Yuping Wu include Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, two-dimensional (2D) MXene Ti3C2 nanosheets are prepared by liquid phase exfoliation of layered Ti3AlC2 in aqueous solution of HF, followed by alkalization and calcination.
Abstract: Two-dimensional (2D) MXene Ti3C2 nanosheets are prepared by liquid phase exfoliation of layered Ti3AlC2 in aqueous solution of HF, followed by alkalization and calcination. The electrical properties of the as-prepared Ti3C2 nanosheets are investigated as a function of calcining temperatures to find the optimum process condition. The microstructures and structural changes of the MXene Ti3C2 nanosheets are studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It is found that the post-treatment processes could effectively remove the functional groups on the surface of 2D nanosheets to enhance the electrical properties of MXene Ti3C2. As a result, the MXene Ti3C2 nanosheets after calcination at 600 °C exhibit a high conductivity of 2140 S/cm, nearly three times as high as that of the un-treated Ti3C2 samples.
TL;DR: A facile and cost-effective strategy to synthesis of ultrafine Pd nanoparticles supported on N and S dual-doped graphene nanosheets as multifunctional electrocatalysts for both direct formic acid fuel cell and direct methanol fuel cell is reported.
Abstract: Optimized designing of highly active electrocatalysts has been regarded as a critical point to the development of portable fuel cell systems with high power density. Here we report a facile and cost-effective strategy to synthesis of ultrafine Pd nanoparticles (NPs) supported on N and S dual-doped graphene (NS-G) nanosheets as multifunctional electrocatalysts for both direct formic acid fuel cell and direct methanol fuel cell. The incorporation of N and S atoms into graphene frameworks is achieved by a thermal treatment process, followed by the controlled growth of Pd NPs via a solvothermal approach. Owning to the unique structural features as well as the strong synergistic effects, the resulting Pd/NS-G hybrid exhibits outstanding electrocatalytic performance toward both formic acid and methanol electro-oxidation, such as higher anodic peak current densities and more exceptional catalytic stability than those of Pd/Vulcan XC-72R and Pd/undoped graphene catalysts. These findings open up new possibility in the construction of advanced Pd-based catalysts, which is conducive to solving the current bottlenecks of fuel cell technologies.
TL;DR: In this article, a simple and facile method to delaminate MXene Ti3C2 multilayers by the assistance of surface modification using aryl diazonium salts was reported.
Abstract: Herein we report a simple and facile method to delaminate MXene Ti3C2 multilayers by the assistance of surface modification using aryl diazonium salts. The basic strategy involved the preparation of layered MAX Ti3AlC2 and the exfoliation of Ti3AlC2 into Ti3C2 multilayers, followed by Na+ intercalation and surface modification using sulfanilic acid diazonium salts. The resulting chemically grafted Ti3C2 flakes were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to confirm the presence of the surface organic species. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy revealed that surface-modified MXene Ti3C2 sheets disperse well in water and the solutions obey Lambert–Beer’s law. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to demonstrate the morphology and structure of delaminating MXene Ti3C2 flakes. The results indicated that chemical modification for MXene multilayers by aryl diazonium salts induced swelling that conversely weakened the bonds between MX layers, hence leading to large-scale delamination of multilayered MXene Ti3C2 via mild sonication. Advantages of the present approach rely not only on the simplicity and efficiency of the delamination procedure but also on the grafting of aryl groups to MXene surfaces, highly suitable for further applications of the newly discovered two-dimensional materials.
TL;DR: In this paper, the controllable synthesis of nitrogen and sulfur codoped graphene (NS-G) nanosheets via a simple and cost-effective approach was demonstrated, which exhibited low discharge-recharge voltage gaps and high roundtrip efficiencies as well as exceptional rate capability when used as cathode materials for LOBs.
Abstract: Lithium–oxygen batteries (LOBs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) are both attractive technologies for the development of future energy storage and conversion devices, while the lack of highly active electrocatalysts has largely hampered their large-scale commercial applications. In the present work, we have demonstrated the controllable synthesis of nitrogen and sulfur codoped graphene (NS-G) nanosheets via a simple and cost-effective approach. Owing to their distinctive structural advantages, such as large surface areas, good flexibility, coexistence of N and S atoms with tunable doping contents and positions, and high electrical conductivity, the obtained NS-G sheets exhibit low discharge–recharge voltage gaps and high round-trip efficiencies as well as exceptional rate capability when used as cathode materials for LOBs. Furthermore, the NS-G layers are also identified to be an ideal substrate for the decoration of ultrafine Pt nanoparticles. Benefiting from the synergetic effects, exceptional ele...
TL;DR: In this paper, a facile self-assembly approach was proposed to construct 3D porous electrocatalysts made from ultrafine Pt nanoparticles, RuO2 and graphene aerogels.
Abstract: Platinum-based electrode catalysts for the methanol oxidation reaction are at the heart of direct methanol fuel cell technology, while their high cost and short lifespan have greatly hindered their large-scale commercial application. Herein, we put forward a facile self-assembly approach to construct 3D porous electrocatalysts made from ultrafine Pt nanoparticles, RuO2 and graphene aerogels. Benefiting from the unique textural features as well as remarkable synergetic effect, the resulting 3D Pt/RuO2/graphene architectures possess exceptional electrocatalytic performance in terms of surprisingly high activity, strong anti-poisoning ability and reliable stability toward methanol electrooxidation, holding great potential as substitutes for conventional Pt/carbon catalysts. This study may offer new insights for the development of various 3D metal oxide-modified graphene supported catalysts for a wide range of applications in the near future.
TL;DR: More than twenty 2D carbides, nitrides and carbonitrides of transition metals (MXenes) have been synthesized and studied, and dozens more predicted to exist.
Abstract: The family of 2D transition metal carbides, carbonitrides and nitrides (collectively referred to as MXenes) has expanded rapidly since the discovery of Ti3C2 in 2011. The materials reported so far always have surface terminations, such as hydroxyl, oxygen or fluorine, which impart hydrophilicity to their surfaces. About 20 different MXenes have been synthesized, and the structures and properties of dozens more have been theoretically predicted. The availability of solid solutions, the control of surface terminations and a recent discovery of multi-transition-metal layered MXenes offer the potential for synthesis of many new structures. The versatile chemistry of MXenes allows the tuning of properties for applications including energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, reinforcement for composites, water purification, gas- and biosensors, lubrication, and photo-, electro- and chemical catalysis. Attractive electronic, optical, plasmonic and thermoelectric properties have also been shown. In this Review, we present the synthesis, structure and properties of MXenes, as well as their energy storage and related applications, and an outlook for future research. More than twenty 2D carbides, nitrides and carbonitrides of transition metals (MXenes) have been synthesized and studied, and dozens more predicted to exist. Highly electrically conductive MXenes show promise in electrical energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, electrocatalysis, plasmonics and other applications.
TL;DR: The potential of MXenes for the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants in water, such as dye waste, is addressed, along with their promise as catalysts for ammonium synthesis from nitrogen.
Abstract: Transition metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes), a family of two-dimensional (2D) inorganic compounds, are materials composed of a few atomic layers of transition metal carbides, nitrides, or carbonitrides. Ti3C2, the first 2D layered MXene, was isolated in 2011. This material, which is a layered bulk material analogous to graphite, was derived from its 3D phase, Ti3AlC2 MAX. Since then, material scientists have either determined or predicted the stable phases of >200 different MXenes based on combinations of various transition metals such as Ti, Mo, V, Cr, and their alloys with C and N. Extensive experimental and theoretical studies have shown their exciting potential for energy conversion and electrochemical storage. To this end, we comprehensively summarize the current advances in MXene research. We begin by reviewing the structure types and morphologies and their fabrication routes. The review then discusses the mechanical, electrical, optical, and electrochemical properties of MXenes. The focus then turns to their exciting potential in energy storage and conversion. Energy storage applications include electrodes in rechargeable lithium- and sodium-ion batteries, lithium-sulfur batteries, and supercapacitors. In terms of energy conversion, photocatalytic fuel production, such as hydrogen evolution from water splitting, and carbon dioxide reduction are presented. The potential of MXenes for the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants in water, such as dye waste, is also addressed, along with their promise as catalysts for ammonium synthesis from nitrogen. Finally, their application potential is summarized.
01 Jan 1986
TL;DR: In this paper, the electronic and optical properties of 2D transition metal carbides, carbonitrides, and nitrides are discussed from both theoretical and experimental perspectives, as well as applications related to those properties.
Abstract: 2D transition metal carbides, carbonitrides, and nitrides, known as MXenes, are a rapidly growing family of 2D materials with close to 30 members experimentally synthesized, and dozens more studied theoretically. They exhibit outstanding electronic, optical, mechanical, and thermal properties with versatile transition metal and surface chemistries. They have shown promise in many applications, such as energy storage, electromagnetic interference shielding, transparent electrodes, sensors, catalysis, photothermal therapy, etc. The high electronic conductivity and wide range of optical absorption properties of MXenes are the key to their success in the aforementioned applications. However, relatively little is currently known about their fundamental electronic and optical properties, limiting their use to their full potential. Here, MXenes' electronic and optical properties from both theoretical and experimental perspectives, as well as applications related to those properties, are discussed, providing a guide for researchers who are exploring those properties of MXenes.
01 Apr 2016
TL;DR: Heterocyclic pyrrole molecules are in situ aligned and polymerized in the absence of an oxidant between layers of the 2D Ti3C2Tx (MXene), resulting in high volumetric and gravimetric capacitances with capacitance retention of 92% after 25,000 cycles at a 100 mV s(-1) scan rate as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Heterocyclic pyrrole molecules are in situ aligned and polymerized in the -absence of an oxidant between layers of the 2D Ti3C2Tx (MXene), resulting in high volumetric and gravimetric capacitances with capacitance retention of 92% after 25,000 cycles at a 100 mV s(-1) scan rate.