Bio: Zhihong Ye is an academic researcher from Huazhong University of Science and Technology. The author has contributed to research in topics: Boost converter & Inductor. The author has an hindex of 15, co-authored 21 publications receiving 1354 citations.
••16 Dec 2011
TL;DR: In this paper, a flick-free electrolytic capacitor-less single-phase ac-dc driver for LED lighting is proposed, which consists of an electrolytic capacitive-less PFC converter and a bidirectional converter, which serves to absorb the ac component of the pulsating current of the PFC converters.
Abstract: The electrolytic capacitor is the key component that limits the operating lifetime of LED drivers. If an ac-dc LED driver with power factor correction (PFC) control is allowed to output a pulsating current for driving the LEDs, the electrolytic capacitor will no longer be required. However, this pulsating current will introduce light flicker that varies at twice the power line frequency. In this paper, a configuration of flicker-free electrolytic capacitor-less single-phase ac-dc driver for LED lighting is proposed. The configuration comprises an electrolytic capacitor-less PFC converter and a bidirectional converter, which serves to absorb the ac component of the pulsating current of the PFC converter, leaving only a dc component to drive the LEDs. The output filter capacitor of the bidirectional converter is intentionally designed to have a large voltage ripple, thus its capacitance can be greatly reduced. Consequently, film capacitors can be used instead of electrolytic capacitors, leading to the realization of a flicker-free ac-dc LED driver that has a long lifetime. The proposed solution is generally applicable to all single-phase PFC converters. A prototype with 48-V, 0.7-A output is constructed and tested. Experimental results are presented to verify the effectiveness of the flick-free electrolytic capacitor-less ac-dc LED driver.
TL;DR: To integrate the advantages of the high voltage gain of a switched-capacitor (SC) converter and excellent output regulation of a switching-mode dc-dc converter, a method of combining the two types of converters is proposed in this paper.
Abstract: In a photovoltaic (PV)- or fuel-cell-based grid-connected power system, a high step-up dc-dc converter is required to boost the low voltage of a PV or fuel cell to a relatively high bus voltage for the downstream dc-ac grid-connected inverter. To integrate the advantages of the high voltage gain of a switched-capacitor (SC) converter and excellent output regulation of a switching-mode dc-dc converter, a method of combining the two types of converters is proposed in this paper. The basic idea is that when the switch is turned on, the inductor is charged, and the capacitors are connected in series to supply the load, and when the switch is turned off, the inductor releases energy to charge multiple capacitors in parallel, whose voltages are controlled by a pulsewidth modulation technique. Thus, a high voltage gain of the dc-dc converter can be obtained with good regulation. Based on this principle, a series of new topologies are derived, and the operating principles and voltage gains of the proposed converters are analyzed. Finally, the design of the proposed converter is given, and the experiment results are provided to verify the theoretical analysis.
TL;DR: In this article, a two-phase interleaved critical current mode (CRM) boost power factor correction (PFC) converter with a coupled inductor is analyzed, and the coupling effects on the input current, the inductor current, switching frequency and the flux linkage are separately.
Abstract: Interleaved critical current mode (CRM) boost power factor correction (PFC) converter is widely employed recently for its high power density. In order to further reduce the volume and the copper usage of the magnetic components, two-phase interleaved CRM boost PFC converter with a coupled inductor is analyzed in this paper. The coupling effects on the input current, the inductor current, the switching frequency and the flux linkage are analyzed separately. If the self-inductances and the magnetic core are the same for both coupled and noncoupled inductors, the number of winding turns of coupled inductor is fewer than that of the noncoupled inductor, which implies a lower cost. Although the input current ripple increases a little since coupling, a reduction in the total volume of magnetic components, including the electromagnetic interference filter and the coupled inductor, is possible if the coupling coefficient is made reasonable.
TL;DR: In this article, a flicker-free electrolytic capacitor-less single-phase ac/dc light emitting diode (LED) driver is investigated, which is composed of a power-factor-correction (PFC) converter and a bidirectional converter.
Abstract: In order to achieve high-efficiency, high-power-factor, high-reliability, and low-cost, a flicker-free electrolytic capacitor-less single-phase ac/dc light emitting diode (LED) driver is investigated in this paper. This driver is composed of a power-factor-correction (PFC) converter and a bidirectional converter. The bidirectional converter is used to absorb the second harmonic component in the output current of the PFC converter, thus producing a pure dc output to drive the LEDs. The spectrum of the output capacitor voltage of the bidirectional converter is analyzed, indicating that the output capacitor voltage contains harmonic components at multiples of twice the line frequency apart from the dc component and second harmonic component. A feed-forward control scheme with a series of calculation operation is proposed to obtain the desired modulation signal, which contains the corresponding harmonic components, to ensure the bidirectional converter fully absorb the second harmonic current in the output of the PFC converter. Finally, a 33.6 W prototype is fabricated and tested in the lab, and the experiment results show that the proposed control scheme greatly reduces the ripple of the LED driving current.
TL;DR: This paper derives the expressions of the input current and PF of the DCM boost PFC converter, and based on that, variable-duty-cycle control is proposed so as to improve the input power factor to nearly unity in the whole input-voltage range.
Abstract: A discontinuous-current-mode (DCM) boost power factor correction (PFC) converter features zero-current turn-on for the switch, no reverse recovery in diode, and constant-frequency operation. However, the input power factor (PF) is relatively low when the duty cycle is constant in a half line cycle. This paper derives the expressions of the input current and PF of the DCM boost PFC converter, and based on that, variable-duty-cycle control is proposed so as to improve the PF to nearly unity in the whole input-voltage range. A method of fitting the duty cycle is further proposed for simplifying the circuit implementation. Other than a higher PF, the proposed variable-duty-cycle control achieves a lower output-voltage ripple and a higher efficiency over constant-duty-cycle control. The experimental results from a 120-W universal input prototype are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
TL;DR: In this paper, a thorough study for different power decoupling techniques in single-phase microinverters for grid-tie PV applications is presented, compared and scrutinized in scope of the size of decoupled capacitor, efficiency, and control complexity.
Abstract: The reliability of the microinverter is a very important feature that will determine the reliability of the ac-module photovoltaic (PV) system. Recently, many topologies and techniques have been proposed to improve its reliability. This paper presents a thorough study for different power decoupling techniques in single-phase microinverters for grid-tie PV applications. These power decoupling techniques are categorized into three groups in terms of the decoupling capacitor locations: 1) PV-side decoupling; 2) dc-link decoupling; and 3) ac-side decoupling. Various techniques and topologies are presented, compared, and scrutinized in scope of the size of decoupling capacitor, efficiency, and control complexity. Also, a systematic performance comparison is presented for potential power decoupling topologies and techniques.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide a comprehensive review of active power decoupling circuit topologies and their development laws from the view of the dual principle, switch sharing, and differential connection.
Abstract: Active power decoupling methods are developed to deal with the inherent ripple power at twice the grid frequency in single-phase systems generally by adding active switches and energy storage units. They have obtained a wide range of applications, such as photovoltaic (PV) systems, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) drivers, fuel cell (FC) power systems, and electric vehicle (EV) battery chargers, etc. This paper provides a comprehensive review of active power decoupling circuit topologies. They are categorized into two groups in terms of the structure characteristics: independent and dependent decoupling circuit topologies. The former operates independently with the original converter, and the latter, however, shares the power semiconductor devices with the original converter partially and even completely. The development laws for the active power decoupling topologies are revealed from the view of “duality principle,” “switches sharing,” and “differential connection.” In addition, the exceptions and special cases are also briefly introduced. This paper is targeted to help researchers, engineers, and designers to construct some new decoupling circuit topologies and properly select existing ones according to the specific application.
TL;DR: The topological derivation of H-SLCs is deduced by combining the passive and active switched-inductor unit and the operation modes of the proposed asymmetrical and symmetrical converters are illustrated.
Abstract: In applications where the high voltage gain is required, such as photovoltaic grid-connected system, fuel-cell and high-intensity discharge lamps for automobile, high step-up dc-dc converters have been introduced to boost the low voltage to a high bus voltage. The voltage gain of traditional boost converter is limited, considering the issues such as the system efficiency and current ripple. This paper proposes a class of hybrid switched-inductor converters (H-SLCs) for high step-up voltage gain conversion. First, the topological derivation of H-SLCs is deduced by combining the passive and active switched-inductor unit; second, this paper illustrates the operation modes of the proposed asymmetrical and symmetrical converters; third, the performance of the proposed converters is analyzed in detail and compared with existing converters; finally, a prototype is established in the laboratory, and the experimental results are given to verify the correctness of the analysis.
TL;DR: In this article, a summary of published techniques for power conditioning within energy harvesting systems is presented, where the focus is on low power systems, e.g., <;10 mW, for kinetic energy harvesting.
Abstract: In this paper, a summary of published techniques for power conditioning within energy harvesting systems is presented. The focus is on low-power systems, e.g, <;10 mW, for kinetic energy harvesting. Published concepts are grouped according to functionality and results contrasted. The various techniques described are considered in terms of complexity, efficiency, quiescent power consumption, startup behavior, and utilization of the harvester compared to an optimum load. This paper concludes with an overview of power management techniques that aim to maximize the extracted power and the utilization of the energy harvester.
TL;DR: Based on a survey on over 1400 commercial LED drivers and a literature review, a range of LED driver topologies are classified according to their applications, power ratings, performance and their energy storage and regulatory requirements as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Based on a survey on over 1400 commercial LED drivers and a literature review, a range of LED driver topologies are classified according to their applications, power ratings, performance and their energy storage and regulatory requirements. Both passive and active LED drivers are included in the review and their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. This paper also presents an overall view on the technical and cost aspects of the LED technology, which is useful to both researchers and engineers in the lighting industry. Some general guidelines for selecting driver topologies are included to aid design engineers to make appropriate choices.