ACM/IFIP/USENIX international conference on Middleware
About: ACM/IFIP/USENIX international conference on Middleware is an academic conference. The conference publishes majorly in the area(s): Middleware & Middleware (distributed applications). Over the lifetime, 241 publications have been published by the conference receiving 12770 citations.
Topics: Middleware, Middleware (distributed applications), Scalability, Overlay network, Message oriented middleware
••01 Dec 2008
TL;DR: This work investigates the design, implementation, and evaluation of a power-aware application placement controller in the context of an environment with heterogeneous virtualized server clusters, and presents the pMapper architecture and placement algorithms to solve one practical formulation of the problem: minimizing power subject to a fixed performance requirement.
Abstract: Workload placement on servers has been traditionally driven by mainly performance objectives. In this work, we investigate the design, implementation, and evaluation of a power-aware application placement controller in the context of an environment with heterogeneous virtualized server clusters. The placement component of the application management middleware takes into account the power and migration costs in addition to the performance benefit while placing the application containers on the physical servers. The contribution of this work is two-fold: first, we present multiple ways to capture the cost-aware application placement problem that may be applied to various settings. For each formulation, we provide details on the kind of information required to solve the problems, the model assumptions, and the practicality of the assumptions on real servers. In the second part of our study, we present the pMapper architecture and placement algorithms to solve one practical formulation of the problem: minimizing power subject to a fixed performance requirement. We present comprehensive theoretical and experimental evidence to establish the efficacy of pMapper.
••16 Jun 2003
TL;DR: A distributed search engine based on a distributed hash table is designed and analyzed and the simulation results predict that the search engine can answer an average query in under one second, using under one kilobyte of bandwidth.
Abstract: The recent file storage applications built on top of peer-to-peer distributed hash tables lack search capabilities. We believe that search is an important part of any document publication system. To that end, we have designed and analyzed a distributed search engine based on a distributed hash table. Our simulation results predict that our search engine can answer an average query in under one second, using under one kilobyte of bandwidth.
••01 Nov 2006
TL;DR: The design and evaluation of a set of primitives implemented in Xen to address performance isolation across virtual machines in Xen are presented and it is indicated that these mechanisms effectively enforce performance isolation for a variety of workloads and configurations.
Abstract: Virtual machines (VMs) have recently emerged as the basis for allocating resources in enterprise settings and hosting centers. One benefit of VMs in these environments is the ability to multiplex several operating systems on hardware based on dynamically changing system characteristics. However, such multiplexing must often be done while observing per-VM performance guarantees or service level agreements. Thus, one important requirement in this environment is effective performance isolation among VMs. In this paper, we address performance isolation across virtual machines in Xen . For instance, while Xen can allocate fixed shares of CPU among competing VMs, it does not currently account for work done on behalf of individual VMs in device drivers. Thus, the behavior of one VM can negatively impact resources available to other VMs even if appropriate per-VM resource limits are in place.In this paper, we present the design and evaluation of a set of primitives implemented in Xen to address this issue. First, XenMon accurately measures per-VM resource consumption, including work done on behalf of a particular VM in Xen's driver domains. Next, our SEDF-DC scheduler accounts for aggregate VM resource consumption in allocating CPU. Finally, ShareGuard limits the total amount of resources consumed in privileged and driver domains based on administrator-specified limits. Our performance evaluation indicates that our mechanisms effectively enforce performance isolation for a variety of workloads and configurations.
••16 Jun 2003
TL;DR: The middleware allows agents to acquire contextual information easily, reason about it using different logics and then adapt themselves to changing contexts, and is part of Gaia, the infrastructure for enabling Smart Spaces.
Abstract: Ubiquitous Computing advocates the construction of massively distributed systems that help transform physical spaces into computationally active and intelligent environments. The design of systems and applications in these environments needs to take account of heterogeneous devices, mobile users and rapidly changing contexts. Most importantly, agents in ubiquitous and mobile environments need to be context-aware so that they can adapt themselves to different situations. In this paper, we argue that ubiquitous computing environments must provide middleware support for context-awareness. We also propose a middleware that facilitates the development of context-aware agents. The middleware allows agents to acquire contextual information easily, reason about it using different logics and then adapt themselves to changing contexts. Another key issue in these environments is allowing autonomous, heterogeneous agents to have a common semantic understanding of contextual information. Our middleware tackles this problem by using ontologies to define different types of contextual information. This middleware is part of Gaia, our infrastructure for enabling Smart Spaces.
••30 Nov 2009
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a middleware platform that can automatically distribute different layers of an application between the phone and the server, and optimize a variety of objective functions (latency, data transferred, cost, etc.).
Abstract: Mobile phones are set to become the universal interface to online services and cloud computing applications. However, using them for this purpose today is limited to two configurations: applications either run on the phone or run on the server and are remotely accessed by the phone. These two options do not allow for a customized and flexible service interaction, limiting the possibilities for performance optimization as well. In this paper we present a middleware platform that can automatically distribute different layers of an application between the phone and the server, and optimize a variety of objective functions (latency, data transferred, cost, etc.). Our approach builds on existing technology for distributed module management and does not require new infrastructures. In the paper we discuss how to model applications as a consumption graph, and how to process it with a number of novel algorithms to find the optimal distribution of the application modules. The application is then dynamically deployed on the phone in an efficient and transparent manner. We have tested and validated our approach with extensive experiments and with two different applications. The results indicate that the techniques we propose can significantly optimize the performance of cloud applications when used from mobile phones.