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Institution

Aarhus University Hospital

HealthcareAarhus, Denmark
About: Aarhus University Hospital is a healthcare organization based out in Aarhus, Denmark. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Cohort study. The organization has 10194 authors who have published 27309 publications receiving 991878 citations.
Topics: Population, Cohort study, Pregnancy, Cancer, Cohort


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A novel, innovative, and robust strategy to identify stably expressed genes among a set of candidate normalization genes, rooted in a mathematical model of gene expression, that provides a direct measure for the estimated expression variation, enabling the user to evaluate the systematic error introduced when using the gene.
Abstract: Accurate normalization is an absolute prerequisite for correct measurement of gene expression. For quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR), the most commonly used normalization strategy involves standardization to a single constitutively expressed control gene. However, in recent years, it has become clear that no single gene is constitutively expressed in all cell types and under all experimental conditions, implying that the expression stability of the intended control gene has to be verified before each experiment. We outline a novel, innovative, and robust strategy to identify stably expressed genes among a set of candidate normalization genes. The strategy is rooted in a mathematical model of gene expression that enables estimation not only of the overall variation of the candidate normalization genes but also of the variation between sample subgroups of the sample set. Notably, the strategy provides a direct measure for the estimated expression variation, enabling the user to evaluate the systematic error introduced when using the gene. In a side-by-side comparison with a previously published strategy, our model-based approach performed in a more robust manner and showed less sensitivity toward coregulation of the candidate normalization genes. We used the model-based strategy to identify genes suited to normalize quantitative RT-PCR data from colon cancer and bladder cancer. These genes are UBC, GAPD, and TPT1 for the colon and HSPCB, TEGT, and ATP5B for the bladder. The presented strategy can be applied to evaluate the suitability of any normalization gene candidate in any kind of experimental design and should allow more reliable normalization of RT-PCR data.

6,007 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The past history, and likely future of this important topic has been/will remain more “evolution” than “big-bang”, and the current redefinition was flawed at inception owing to a fundamental problem with the troponin assays available at that time.
Abstract: Myocardial infarction is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Coronary atherosclerosis is a chronic disease with stable and unstable periods. During unstable periods with activated inflammation in the vascular wall, patients may develop a myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction may be a minor event in a lifelong chronic disease, it may even go undetected, but it may also be a major catastrophic event leading to sudden death or severe hemodynamic deterioration. A myocardial infarction may be the first manifestation of coronary artery disease, or it may occur, repeatedly, in patients with established disease. Information on myocardial infarction attack rates can provide useful data regarding the burden of coronary artery disease within and across populations, especially if standardized data are collected in a manner that demonstrates the distinction between incident and recurrent events. From the epidemiological point of view, the incidence of myocardial infarction in a population can be used as a proxy for the prevalence of coronary artery disease in that population. Furthermore, the term myocardial infarction has major psychological and legal implications for the individual and society. It is an indicator of one of the leading health problems in the world, and it is an outcome measure in clinical trials and observational studies. With these perspectives, myocardial infarction may be defined from a number of different clinical, electrocardiographic, biochemical, imaging, and pathological characteristics. In the past, a general consensus existed for the clinical syndrome designated as myocardial infarction. In studies of disease prevalence, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined myocardial infarction from symptoms, ECG abnormalities, and enzymes. However, the development of more sensitive and specific serological biomarkers and precise imaging techniques allows detection of ever smaller amounts of myocardial necrosis. Accordingly, current clinical practice, health care delivery systems, as well as epidemiology and clinical trials all require a …

3,774 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A comprehensive overview of the current understanding of the physiological roles of EVs is provided, drawing on the unique EV expertise of academia-based scientists, clinicians and industry based in 27 European countries, the United States and Australia.
Abstract: In the past decade, extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been recognized as potent vehicles of intercellular communication, both in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. This is due to their capacity to transfer proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, thereby influencing various physiological and pathological functions of both recipient and parent cells. While intensive investigation has targeted the role of EVs in different pathological processes, for example, in cancer and autoimmune diseases, the EV-mediated maintenance of homeostasis and the regulation of physiological functions have remained less explored. Here, we provide a comprehensive overview of the current understanding of the physiological roles of EVs, which has been written by crowd-sourcing, drawing on the unique EV expertise of academia-based scientists, clinicians and industry based in 27 European countries, the United States and Australia. This review is intended to be of relevance to both researchers already working on EV biology and to newcomers who will encounter this universal cell biological system. Therefore, here we address the molecular contents and functions of EVs in various tissues and body fluids from cell systems to organs. We also review the physiological mechanisms of EVs in bacteria, lower eukaryotes and plants to highlight the functional uniformity of this emerging communication system.

3,690 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Danish National Patient Registry is a valuable tool for epidemiological research, however, both its strengths and limitations must be considered when interpreting research results, and continuous validation of its clinical data is essential.
Abstract: Background The Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) is one of the world’s oldest nationwide hospital registries and is used extensively for research. Many studies have validated algorithms for identifying health events in the DNPR, but the reports are fragmented and no overview exists.

2,818 citations


Authors

Showing all 10316 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Chris D. Frith173524130472
Jens J. Holst1601536107858
David J. Brooks152105694335
Rui Zhang1512625107917
Jens Nielsen1491752104005
Anne Tjønneland139134591556
Kim Overvad139119686018
Rasmus Nielsen13555684898
Torben Jørgensen13588386822
Henrik Kehlet130106976338
John A. Baron12860961182
Risto Näätänen12749562088
Preben Bo Mortensen12165060052
Henrik Toft Sørensen120159174943
Torben Hansen120105889876
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202335
2022176
20212,429
20202,058
20191,901
20181,781