Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations
About: Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations is a(n) based out in . It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Carbonate & Carbonate rock. The organization has 184 authors who have published 111 publication(s) receiving 1562 citation(s). The organization is also known as: ADCO.
Topics: Carbonate, Carbonate rock, Air cooling, Saturation (chemistry), Aptian
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Apr 2010-Sedimentology
TL;DR: In this article, a geochemical and petrographic investigation of three sites located on the coastal sabkha of Abu Dhabi, along a transect from the intertidal to the supratidal zone, revealed a close association between microbial mats and dolomite.
Abstract: Microbial mediation is the only demonstrated mechanism to precipitate dolomite under Earth surface conditions. A link between microbial activity and dolomite formation in the sabkha of Abu Dhabi has, until now, not been evaluated, even though this environment is cited frequently as the type analogue for many ancient evaporitic sequences. Such an evaluation is the purpose of this study, which is based on a geochemical and petrographic investigation of three sites located on the coastal sabkha of Abu Dhabi, along a transect from the intertidal to the supratidal zone. This investigation revealed a close association between microbial mats and dolomite, suggesting that microbes are involved in the mineralization process. Observations using scanning electron microscopy equipped with a cryotransfer system indicate that authigenic dolomite precipitates within the exopolymeric substances constituting the microbial mats. In current models, microbial dolomite precipitation is linked to an active microbial activity that sustains high pH and alkalinity and decreased sulphate concentrations in pore waters. Such models can be applied to the sabkha environment to explain dolomite formation within microbial mats present at the surface of the intertidal zone. By contrast, these models cannot be applied to the supratidal zone, where abundant dolomite is present within buried mats that no longer show signs of intensive microbial activity. As no abiotic mechanism is known to form dolomite at Earth surface conditions, two different hypotheses can reconcile this result. In a first scenario, all of the dolomite present in the supratidal zone formed in the past, when the mats were active at the surface. In a second scenario, dolomite formation continues within the buried and inactive mats. In order to explain dolomite formation in the absence of active microbial metabolisms, a revised microbial model is proposed in which the mineral-template properties of exopolymeric substances play a crucial role.
01 Jun 2002-Sedimentology
TL;DR: In this article, three orders of depositional sequences are defined (third to fifth order) and correlated between sections over the course of three third-order sequences, covering the Barremian to Lower Aptian, a thirdorder depositional pattern is documented that consists of a succession of three distinct faunal assemblages: discoidal orbitolinids and calcareous algae were deposited during early transgression; microbialites and microencrusters dominated the late transgressive to early highstand facies; and a rudist and milioliddominated facies is typical
Abstract: Barremian and Aptian shallow-water carbonate facies (uppermost Lekhwair, Kharaib and Shuaiba Formations) are described from outcrops in northern Oman Based on facies analysis and bedding pattern, three orders of depositional sequences are defined (third to fifth order) and correlated between sections Over the course of three third-order sequences, covering the Barremian to Lower Aptian, a third-order depositional pattern is documented that consists of a succession of three distinct faunal assemblages: discoidal orbitolinids and calcareous algae were deposited during early transgression; microbialites and microencrusters dominate the late transgressive to early highstand facies; and a rudist- and miliolid-dominated facies is typical of the highstand This ecological succession was controlled largely by palaeoenvironmental changes, such as trophic level and clay influx, rather than sedimentological factors controlled by variations in accommodation space Orbitolinid beds and carbonates formed by microbialites and microencrusters seem to be the shallow-water carbonate response to global changes affecting Late Barremian to Aptian palaeoclimate and palaeoceanography
TL;DR: In this article, a detailed sedimentological and sequence stratigraphic model of the platform margin of the Cretaceous carbonate margin is presented to reveal the relative importance of global and regional controls on platform evolution.
Abstract: Carbonate platform margins are sensitive recorders of changes in sea level and climate and can reveal the relative importance of global and regional controls on platform evolution. This paper focuses on the Barremian to Aptian interval (mid Cretaceous), which is known for climatic and environmental changes towards more intensified greenhouse conditions. The study area in the northern Oman mountains offers one of the very few locations where the Cretaceous carbonate margin of the Arabian Plate can be studied along continuous outcrops. Our detailed sedimentological and sequence stratigraphic model of the platform margin demonstrates how major environmental and ecological changes controlled the stratigraphic architecture. The Early Cretaceous platform margin shows high rates of progradation in Berriasian to Hauterivian times followed by lower rates and some aggradation in the Late Hauterivian to Barremian. High-energy bioclastic and oolitic sands were the dominant deposits at the margin. Turbidites were deposited at the slope and in the basin. The Early Aptian platform margin shows a marked change to purely aggradational geometries and a welldeveloped platform barrier that was formed mainly by microbial buildups. The sudden dominance in microbial activity led to cementation and stabilization of the margin and slope and, therefore, a decrease of downslope sediment transport by turbidites. In the Late Aptian, large parts of the Arabian craton were subaerially exposed and a fringing carbonate platform formed. Seven Barremian to Early Albian large-scale depositional sequences reflecting relative sea-level changes are identified on the basis of time lines constrained by physical correlation and biostratigraphy. The reconstruction of the margin geometries suggests that tectonic activity played an important role in the Early Aptian. This was most likely related to global plate reorganization that was accompanied by increased volcanic activity in many parts of the world. Along the northeastern Arabian platform the associated global changes in atmospheric and oceanic circulation are recorded with a change in platform-margin ecology from an ooid-bioclast dominated to a microbial dominated margin. Time-equivalent argillaceous deposits suggest an increase in rainfall and elevated input of nutrients onto the platform. This process contributed to the strongly diminished carbonate production by other organisms and favored microbial activity. The platform margin may thus represent a shallow-marine response to the Early Aptian global changes, commonly associated with an oceanic anoxic event in basinal environments.
Showing all 184 results
|Christian J. Strohmenger||16||39||824|
|Mohammed Abdalla Ayoub||8||45||194|
|Mohammed Zubair Kalam||6||11||114|
|Anas. M. Hassan||6||23||95|
|Ahmed Mohamed Dawoud||6||9||77|
|Ahmed El Mahdi||6||13||79|
|Hafez H. Hafez||6||19||209|
|Abdullah Saeed Al-Suwaidi||5||6||46|
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