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Al-Ameen Medical College

HealthcareBijapur, Karnataka, India
About: Al-Ameen Medical College is a healthcare organization based out in Bijapur, Karnataka, India. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Ascorbic acid & Antioxidant. The organization has 141 authors who have published 108 publications receiving 1574 citations.


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Journal Article
TL;DR: A selective review on nickel and effect of its acute, subchronic and chronic doses on certain metabolically active tissues in human as well as animals is presented.
Abstract: Nickel-induced toxicity and carcinogenicity, with an emphasis on the generation and role of reactive oxygen species is reviewed. Nickel is a known haematotoxic, immunotoxic, neurotoxic, genotoxic, reproductive toxic, pulmonary toxic, nephrotoxic , hepatotoxic and carcinogenic agent. This article presents a selective review on nickel and effect of its acute, subchronic and chronic doses on certain metabolically active tissues in human as well as animals. Nickel exposure causes formation of free radicals in various tissues in both human and animals which lead to various modifications to DNA bases, enhanced lipid peroxidation, and altered calcium and sulphydryl homeostasis. The primary route for nickel toxicity is depletion of glutathione and bonding to sulphydryl groups of proteins. Nickel homeostasis, nickel-induced activation of signaling pathways and the protective role of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants against nickel toxicity and carcinogenicity are also discussed.

477 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The review particularly addresses the nickel-induced generation of reactive oxygen species and increased lipid peroxidation in various metabolically active tissues in humans and animals, and the possible role of vitamin c as a protective antioxidant.
Abstract: The vast industrial use of nickel has led to environmental pollution by the metal and its by-products during production, recycling, and disposal. Nickel is a known hematotoxic, immunotoxic, hepatotoxic, pulmotoxic, and nephrotoxic agent. Allergic skin reactions are common in individuals who are sensitive to nickel. This article presents a selective review on nickel and its effect on certain metabolically active peripheral tissues of human and animals. The subtopics include nickel sources and uses, exposure pathways, transport, excretion, general health effects, and specific acute and chronic nickel toxicities in peripheral tissues like liver, lungs, and kidneys. The review particularly addresses the nickel-induced generation of reactive oxygen species and increased lipid peroxidation in various metabolically active tissues in humans and animals, and the possible role of vitamin c as a protective antioxidant.

86 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a community located near historic gold mining activities in the Mangalur greenstone belt of Karnataka, India was found to have elevated arsenic levels in water, hair, nail, soil and food.

70 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results indicate that nickel sulfate affects the steroidogenic enzymes, causing alteration in the formation of testosterone in both dietary groups, which was manifested in the elevated cholesterol and ascorbic acid level with decreased activities of steroidogenic enzyme in adult rats testes, but these alterations were reversible in both groups of animals fed normal protein diets and protein-restricted diets.
Abstract: Nickel, a widely used heavy metal, exerts potent toxic effects on peripheral tissues as well as on the reproductive system. Low dietary protein coupled with exposure to this metal induces more severe changes, including biochemical defects, structural disorders, and altered physiologic functions. This study was designed to assess the effects of nickel sulfate on testicular steroidogenesis and to ascertain whether such alterations are reversible with normal protein and protein-restricted dietary regime. Nickel sulfate [2 mg/100 g body weight (bw)] dissolved in double-distilled water was administered on alternate days for 10 doses in a normal protein diet (18% casein) and a protein-restricted diet (5% casein) to Wistar male albino rats (bw 160 +/- 5 g). Two groups, one with a normal protein diet and the other with a protein-restricted diet, served as controls. Twenty-four hours after the last treatment, all the animals except those in withdrawal groups were sacrificed by decapitation. We observed a significant reduction in the activities of the testicular steroidogenic enzymes and plasma testosterone concentration accompanied by a significant elevation in cholesterol and ascorbic acid level in both dietary groups. After 15 days of withdrawal from the nickel sulfate treatment, the testicular steroidogenic enzymes, along with plasma testosterone level, improved significantly in both normal protein-fed and protein-restricted dietary groups. The effects of nickel on testicular cholesterol and ascorbic acid concentration were also reduced after withdrawal. Our results indicate that nickel sulfate affects the steroidogenic enzymes, causing alteration in the formation of testosterone in both dietary groups, which was manifested in the elevated cholesterol and ascorbic acid level with decreased activities of steroidogenic enzymes in adult rats testes. However, these alterations were reversible in both groups of animals fed normal protein diets and protein-restricted diets.

66 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Unexpected ophthalmologic findings, conductive hearing loss due to suspected otosclerosis and sandal gap deformity in a Pycnodysostosis patient are reported.
Abstract: Pycnodysostosis is a rare clinical entity, first described in 1962 by Maroteaux and Lamy. The disease has also been named Toulouse-Lautrec syndrome, after the French artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, who (it has been surmised) suffered from the disease. In 1996, the defective gene responsible for Pycnodysostosis was located, offering accurate diagnosis, carrier testing and a more thorough understanding of this disorder. It is an autosomal recessive osteochondrodysplasia, usually diagnosed at an early age with incidence estimated to be 1.7 per 1 million births. Pycnodysostosis is a lysosomal storage disease of the bone caused by a mutation in the gene that codes the enzyme cathepsin K. The syndrome has been frequently reported in history. This article reports unusual ophthalmologic findings, conductive hearing loss due to suspected otosclerosis and sandal gap deformity in a Pycnodysostosis patient.

61 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
20222
20215
20208
20194
20184
201711