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Institution

ALBA Synchrotron (Spain)

CompanyBarcelona, Spain
About: ALBA Synchrotron (Spain) is a company organization based out in Barcelona, Spain. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Magnetic field & Materials science. The organization has 17 authors who have published 6 publications receiving 36 citations.

Papers
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Proceedings ArticleDOI
11 Jun 2021
TL;DR: The Silicon Pore Optics technology (SPO) as mentioned in this paper is a state-of-the-art X-ray optics technology for large-scale space missions. But it is not suitable for the Athena mission, which requires around 700 mirror modules, accurately aligned to produce a common focus.
Abstract: The Athena mission, under study and preparation by ESA as its second Large-class science mission, requires the largest X-ray optics ever flown, building on a novel optics technology based on mono crystalline silicon. Referred to as Silicon Pore Optics technology (SPO), the optics is highly modular and benefits from technology spin-in from the semiconductor industry. The telescope aperture of about 2.5 meters is populated by around 700 mirror modules, accurately co-aligned to produce a common focus. The development of the SPO technology is a joint effort by European industrial and research entities, working together to address the challenges to demonstrate the imaging performance, robustness and efficient series production of the Athena optics. A technology development plan was established and is being regularly updated to reflect the latest developments, and is fully funded by the ESA technology development programmes. An industrial consortium was formed to ensure coherence of the individual technology development activities. The SPO technology uses precision machined mirror plates produced using the latest generation top quality 12 inch silicon wafers, which are assembled into rugged stacks. The surfaces of the mirror plates and the integral support structure is such, that no glue is required to join the individual mirror plates. Once accurately aligned with respect to each other, the surfaces of the mirror plates merge in a physical bonding process. The resultant SPO mirror modules are therefore very accurate and stable and can sustain the harsh conditions encountered during launch and are able to tolerate the space environment expected during operations. The accommodation of the Athena telescope is also innovative, relying on a hexapod mechanism to align the optics to the selected detector instruments located in the focal plane. System studies are complemented by dedicated technology development activities to demonstrate the capabilities before the adoption of the Athena mission.

23 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
23 Aug 2021
TL;DR: The ATHENA (Advanced Telescope for High ENergy Astrophysics) mission studies and technology preparation are continuing to progress as discussed by the authors, and the optics for this future space observatory is based on the Silicon Pore Optics (SPO), and is being evolved in a joint effort by industry, research institutions and ESA.
Abstract: The ATHENA (Advanced Telescope for High ENergy Astrophysics) mission studies and technology preparation are continuing to progress. The optics for this future space observatory is based on the Silicon Pore Optics (SPO), and is being evolved in a joint effort by industry, research institutions and ESA. The SPO technology uses the superb properties of monocrystalline Silicon, and spins in technologies developed for the semiconductor industry, benefiting from excellent materials, processes and equipment. In a holistic approach the technical and programmatic challenges of the ATHENA optics are being addressed simultaneously. A comprehensive Technology Development Plan (TDP) was defined and is being implemented to develop this novel X-ray optics technology. The performance, environmental compatibility and serial automated production and testing are being addressed in parallel, aiming at the demonstration of the required technology readiness for the Athena Mission Adopt ion Review (MAR) expected in 2022.

13 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of dynamic strain accompanying a surface acoustic wave on magnetic nano-elements were analyzed using stroboscopic x-ray microscopy to simultaneously image the evolution of both strain and magnetization at the nanometer length and picosecond time scales.
Abstract: The magnetic properties of a magnetic material can be modified by elastic deformation—termed the magnetoelastic effect. This effect is considered an alternative approach to magnetic fields for the low-power control of magnetization states of nanostructures since it avoids charge currents that create heat dissipation. This article describes the effects of dynamic strain accompanying a surface acoustic wave on magnetic nano-elements. We use a technique based on stroboscopic x-ray microscopy to simultaneously image the evolution of both strain and magnetization at the nanometer length and picosecond time scales. The study shows that there is a delayed response of the magnetization to dynamic strain, adjustable by the magnetic properties of the material. The presented analysis provides insights into dynamic magnetoelastic coupling in nanostructures with implications for the design of strain-controlled nanodevices.

11 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
11 Jun 2021
TL;DR: The ALBA synchrotron (Barcelona, Spain) is building MINERVA, a new X-ray beamline designed to support the development of the ATHENA mission.
Abstract: The ALBA synchrotron (Barcelona, Spain) is building MINERVA a new X-ray beamline designed to support the development of the ATHENA mission (Advanced Telescope for High Energy Astrophysics). The beamline design is originally based on the monochromatic pencil beam XPBF 2.0 at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), at BESSY II. MINERVA will provide metrology capabilities to integrate stacks produced by cosine company into a mirror module (MM) and characterize them. It will provide photons with a fixed energy of 1.0 keV with a residual divergence below 1 × 1 arcsec2 rms. The beam dimensions at the mirror module is adjustable from 10 × 10 μm2 up to 8 × 8 mm2. Interoperability between MINERVA and XPBF 2.0 will be preserved in order to reinforce and boost the production and characterization of the mirror modules. MINERVA is funded by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Still in the detailed design phase, MINERVA will take 2 years to be completed for operation in 2022.

8 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors employed a dielectric resonator to produce radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields on the surface of the coated conductors having amplitudes similar to those generated by proton bunches circulating in the vacuum chamber of the proposed future circular collider Hadron-Hadron (FCC-hh) at CERN.
Abstract: Abstract To assess the feasibility of using high-temperature superconductors for the beam screens of future circular colliders, we have undertaken a study of the power dependence of the microwave surface resistance in state-of-the-art REBCO coated conductors at about 8 GHz and 50 K. We have employed a dielectric resonator to produce radio-frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields on the surface of the coated conductors having amplitudes similar to those generated by proton bunches circulating in the vacuum chamber of the proposed future circular collider Hadron-Hadron (FCC-hh) at CERN We show that surface resistances in REBCO coated conductors without artificial pinning centers are more affected by a RF magnetic field than those containing nano-inclusions. Despite that, at 8 GHz, 50 K, and 9 T, most REBCO coated conductors studied outperform copper in terms of surface resistance, with the best sample having a 2.3 mΩ surface resistance while being subject to an RF field 2.5 times stronger than that in the FCC-hh. We also extrapolate the measured data to 16 T and 1 GHz, the actual FCC-hh dipole magnetic field, and the mid-beam frequency spectrum, demonstrating the possibility of lowering the surface resistance of the vacuum chamber by up to two orders of magnitude compared to copper. Further, we discuss the correlation between the time structure of the electromagnetic fields provided by vector network analyzers compared to the proton bunches’ time structure in the collider and present the effect of low alternating magnetic fields on vortex displacement and the possibility of demagnetization of superconducting samples.

5 citations


Authors
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
20232
20221
20214
20181
20131