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Institution

American Academy of Political and Social Science

OtherPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
About: American Academy of Political and Social Science is a other organization based out in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Criminal justice & Public policy. The organization has 5 authors who have published 7 publications receiving 307 citations. The organization is also known as: aapss.org.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors first give attention to main factors that resulted in the passage of NAFTA and subsequently investigate Mexican migration to the United States during roughly the same period that the bilateral treaty has been in effect.
Abstract: In this article, the authors first give attention to main factors that resulted in the passage of NAFTA and subsequently investigate Mexican migration to the United States during roughly the same period that the bilateral treaty has been in effect. At the center of the relationship between economic liberalization and immigration is the paradox of increasing capital mobility and attempts at controlling more tightly the movement of immigrant workers. Although immigration from Mexico has remained flat over the past ten years, the Mexican population in the United States has grown rapidly, partly as a result of the unanticipated effects of harsh immigration policies since 1986. Prior to that date, Mexicans engaged in cyclical movements, but as security measures became harsher, especially in the 9/11 period, more immigrants and their families settled in the United States hoping to avert the dangers of exit and reentry. This analysis shows the slanted function of borders that have become permeable for capital bu...

174 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Experimental and ethnographic research methods are often described as mutually exclusive as discussed by the authors, but they could be combined in the method of "experimental ethnography" to increase the range of conclusions that can be produced by experimental research designs, as well as by ethnographic methods.
Abstract: Experimental and ethnographic research methods are often described as mutually exclusive. This article suggests how they could be combined in the method of “experimental ethnography.” Building ethnographic methods into the separate branches of randomized controlled trials could substantially increase the range of conclusions that can be produced by experimental research designs, as well as by ethnographic methods. Experimental designs offer greater internal validity for learning what the effects of a social program are, and ethnographic methods offer greater insight into why the effects were produced. The prospects for such integration depend on the capacity of two different communities within social science to work together for the common goal of discovering truth.

52 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This analysis suggests that a shift resulted in the odds of international migration and the motivations for leaving among inhabitants of Peru’s largest labor market and migration became less selective with respect to human capital.
Abstract: Beginning in 1987, Peru imposed a regime of structural adjustment to transform its economy along neoliberal lines This analysis suggests that a shift resulted in the odds of international migration and the motivations for leaving among inhabitants of Peru’s largest labor market Before 1987, under the regime of import substitution industrialization, jobs at wages capable of sustaining a basic standard of living were widely available; those few who left the country self-selected for higher human capital and moved abroad to improve their earnings Under neoliberalism, however, both employment and wages fell to levels that made it difficult for families to sustain themselves In response, households—with the assistance of friends and relatives with foreign experience—diversified their labor portfolios away from the local job market structural adjustment zones The number of migrants then rose, the diversity of foreign destinations increased, and migration became less selective with respect to human capital

36 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors address the possibility of prospectively identifying chronic criminal offenders using identifiers available to the criminal justice system and argue that legal action based on predictions would be wrong.
Abstract: This article addresses the possibility of prospectively identfying chronic criminal offenders using identifiers available to the criminal justice system. Data were collected as part of a longitudinal study of the lives of men who were in a delinquency prevention program in the early 1940s. For the half who were randomly assigned to the treatment group, a discriminant function correctly identified 67% of the men as recidivists or nonrecidivists. When tested on the control group, it correctly sorted 76% of the men. The author argues that although prospective identification of recidivists may be possible, legal action based on predictions would be wrong.

35 citations


Authors

Showing all 5 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Douglas S. Massey11338655101
Joan McCord41989499
Susan S. Silbey31825632
Lawrence W. Sherman3490
Robert W. Pearson226
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
20091
20071
20061
20052
20041
19811