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Institution

American Beverage Association

OtherWashington D.C., District of Columbia, United States
About: American Beverage Association is a other organization based out in Washington D.C., District of Columbia, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Saccharin & Eicosapentaenoic acid. The organization has 4 authors who have published 14 publications receiving 153 citations. The organization is also known as: AmeriBev.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Although the dose of sodium saccharin administered to these monkeys was only five to 10 times the allowable daily intake for humans, the results provide additional evidence that sodium sacCharin is without a carcinogenic effect on the primate urinary tract.
Abstract: Background: It was observed in the early 1970s that saccharin produced bladder cancer in rats. However, it has been unclear whether sodium saccharin when consumed by humans poses a substantial carcinogenic hazard. Numerous epidemiologic studies have not shown any evidence of increased urothelial proliferation associated with ingestion of sodium saccharin. Purpose: Our purpose was to determine the effects of long-term feeding of sodium saccharin to three species of nonhuman primates. Methods: Twenty monkeys of three species (six African green, seven rhesus, six cynomolgus, and one hybrid [of rhesus male and cynomolgus female parentage]) were treated with sodium saccharin (25 mg in the diet/kg body weight daily for 5 days a week) beginning within 24 hours after birth and continuing for up to 24 years. Sixteen monkeys (seven rhesus and nine cynomolgus) served as controls. During their last 2 years of life, urine was collected from selected treated and control animals and evaluated for various urinary chemistries and for the presence of calculi, microcrystalluria, and precipitate. Urinary bladders were examined by light microscopy and by scanning electron microscopy. Results: Sodium saccharin treatment had no effect on the urine or urothelium in any of these monkeys. There was no evidence of increased urothelial cell proliferation, and there was no evidence of formation of solid material in the urine. Conclusion: Although the dose of sodium saccharin administered to these monkeys was only five to 10 times the allowable daily intake for humans, the results provide additional evidence that sodium saccharin is without a carcinogenic effect on the primate urinary tract. [J Natl Cancer Inst 1998;90:19‐25]

60 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: For instance, the authors examined the consumption of energy drinks among US teenagers, young adults, and adults for a 10-year period using NHANES 2003-12 and found a statistically significant inverse relationship between energy drink consumption and coffee, tea and soda consumption.

37 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The evidence appeared to support predictive capacity of greater sweetness preference for certain determinants, such as age during certain life-stages, being in a hungry versus satiated state, and heritable factors.
Abstract: Factors associated with sweetness preference are multi-faceted and incredibly complex. A scoping review was undertaken to identify determinants of sweetness preference in humans. Using an online search tool, ProQuest ™, a total of 99 publications were identified and subsequently grouped into the following categories of determinants: Age, dietary factors, reproductive hormonal factors, body weight status, heritable, weight loss, sound, personality, ethnicity and lifestyle, previous exposure, disease, and 'other' determinants. Methodologies amongst studies were heterogenous in nature (e.g., there was variability across studies in the sweetness concentrations tested, the number of different sweetness concentrations used to assess sweetness preference, and the methods utilized to measure sweetness preference), rendering interpretation of overall findings challenging; however, for certain determinants, the evidence appeared to support predictive capacity of greater sweetness preference, such as age during certain life-stages (i.e., young and old), being in a hungry versus satiated state, and heritable factors (e.g., similar sweetness preferences amongst family members). Recommendations for the design of future studies on sweetness preference determinants are provided herein, including an "investigator checklist" of criteria to consider.

26 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The concept that to prevent and treat obesity, public health efforts should focus on energy balance and that a narrow focus on sweetened beverages is unlikely to have any meaningful impact on this complex problem is supported.

22 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The strongest relationship in the data was between the BMI of the head of household and a child's BMI z-score, which suggests that a family-oriented approach to prevent and treat childhood and adolescent overweight is required.
Abstract: This study used multiple regression models to estimate associations of various family characteristics and time use with the body mass index (BMI) z-scores of 734 boys and 725 girls aged 5-18y from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement 2003. The strongest relationship in the data was between the BMI of the head of household and a child's BMI z-score (p < 0.001). Time spent sleeping, performing sedentary behaviors, and participating in physical activities was not associated with a child's BMI z-score. This suggests that a family-oriented approach to prevent and treat childhood and adolescent overweight is required.

11 citations


Authors

Showing all 4 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Richard H. Adamson371144332
Maureen L Storey1120958
Maia M. Jack511382
Patricia A Anderson117
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
20214
20202
20171
20161
20101
20093