About: Arts et Métiers ParisTech is a education organization based out in Paris, France. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Finite element method & Machining. The organization has 3946 authors who have published 6693 publications receiving 142083 citations. The organization is also known as: École nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers & ENSAM.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Different algorithms implemented in Geneland to perform inferences are first briefly presented and major running steps and outputs are illustrated from the analysis of a simulated data set, which was also produced by Geneland.
Abstract: Geneland is a computer package that allows to make use of georeferenced individual multilocus genotypes for the inference of the number of populations and of the spatial location of genetic discontinuities between those populations. Main assumptions of the method are: (i) the number of populations is unknown and all values are considered a priori equally likely, (ii) populations are spread over areas given by a union of some polygons of unknown location in the spatial domain, (iii) Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium is assumed within each population and (iv) allele frequencies in each population are unknown and treated as random variable either following the so-called Dirichlet model or Falush model. Different algorithms implemented in Geneland to perform inferences are first briefly presented. Then major running steps and outputs (i.e. histogram of number of populations and map of posterior probabilities of population membership) are illustrated from the analysis of a simulated data set, which was also produced by Geneland. (Resume d'auteur)
TL;DR: The T9 sagittal offset, reflecting the sagittal balance of the spine, was dependent on three separate factors: a linear combination of the pelvic incidence, maximum lumbar lordosis, and sacral slope; the pelvic tilt; and the thoracic kyphosis.
Abstract: Background: There is an increasing recognition of the clinical importance of the sagittal plane alignment of the spine. A prospective study of several radiographic parameters of the sagittal profile of the spine was conducted to determine the physiological values of these parameters, to calculate th
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors reviewed the literature dedicated to this topic over the past six decades and presented the experimental evidences, which characterize the Mullins softening, observed in filled rubbers and crystallizing pure gum.
Abstract: The Mullins effect remains a major challenge in order to provide good mechanical modeling of the complex behavior of industrial rubber materials. It has been forty years since Mullins [Mullins L. Softening of rubber by deformation. Rubber Chem Technol 1969;42:339–62.] wrote his review on the phenomenon and still no general agreement has been found either on the physical source or on the mechanical modeling of this effect. Therefore, we reviewed the literature dedicated to this topic over the past six decades. We present the experimental evidences, which characterize the Mullins softening. The phenomenon is observed in filled rubbers and crystallizing pure gum. Then, the phenomenological models dedicated to fit the mechanical behavior of rubbers undergoing some Mullins softening are studied. To overcome the limit of a descriptive phenomenological modeling, several authors looked for a physical understanding of the phenomenon. Various theories have been proposed, but none of them has been supported unanimously. Nonetheless, these theories favor the emergence of physically based mechanical behavior laws. We tested some of these laws, which show little predictive abilities since the values of their parameters either cannot be measured experimentally or do not compare well with the physical quantities they are linked to.
TL;DR: A determinist energy management system for a microgrid, including advanced PV generators with embedded storage units and a gas microturbine is proposed, which is implemented in two parts: a central energy management of the microgrid and a local power management at the customer side.
Abstract: The development of energy management tools for next-generation PhotoVoltaic (PV) installations, including storage units, provides flexibility to distribution system operators. In this paper, the aggregation and implementation of these determinist energy management methods for business customers in a microgrid power system are presented. This paper proposes a determinist energy management system for a microgrid, including advanced PV generators with embedded storage units and a gas microturbine. The system is organized according to different functions and is implemented in two parts: a central energy management of the microgrid and a local power management at the customer side. The power planning is designed according to the prediction for PV power production and the load forecasting. The central and local management systems exchange data and order through a communication network. According to received grid power references, additional functions are also designed to manage locally the power flows between the various sources. Application to the case of a hybrid supercapacitor battery-based PV active generator is presented.
TL;DR: In this article, the relationship between fresh and hardened paste, mortar, and concrete material properties and how they influence the geometry of the created object is explored and classified by construction application to identify the spectrum of future research exploration in this emerging field.
Abstract: Large-scale additive manufacturing processes for construction utilise computer-controlled placement of extruded cement-based mortar to create physical objects layer-by-layer. Demonstrated applications include component manufacture and placement of in-situ walls for buildings. These applications vary the constraints on design parameters and present different technical issues for the production process. In this paper, published and new work are utilised to explore the relationship between fresh and hardened paste, mortar, and concrete material properties and how they influence the geometry of the created object. Findings are classified by construction application to create a matrix of issues that identifies the spectrum of future research exploration in this emerging field.
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|Gregory B. McKenna||60||301||14248|
|A. Daniel Jones||57||243||12607|
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