Atomic Energy of Canada Limited
Company•Ottawa, Ontario, Canada•
About: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited is a(n) company organization based out in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Zirconium alloy & Neutron. The organization has 4845 authors who have published 4826 publication(s) receiving 102951 citation(s).
Topics: Zirconium alloy, Neutron, Zirconium, Hydrogen, Neutron scattering
Papers published on a yearly basis
Los Alamos National Laboratory1, National Nuclear Data Center2, Oak Ridge National Laboratory3, Argonne National Laboratory4, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory5, National Institute of Standards and Technology6, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute7, Idaho National Laboratory8, Westinghouse Electric9, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited10, Nuclear Research and Consultancy Group11
01 Dec 2006-Nuclear Data Sheets
TL;DR: The ENDF/B-VII.0 as discussed by the authors file contains data primarily for reactions with incident neutrons, protons, and photons on almost 400 isotopes, based on experimental data and theory predictions.
Abstract: We describe the next generation general purpose Evaluated Nuclear Data File, ENDF/B-VII.0, of recommended nuclear data for advanced nuclear science and technology applications. The library, released by the U.S. Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) in December 2006, contains data primarily for reactions with incident neutrons, protons, and photons on almost 400 isotopes, based on experimental data and theory predictions. The principal advances over the previous ENDF/B-VI library are the following: (1) New cross sections for U, Pu, Th, Np and Am actinide isotopes, with improved performance in integral validation criticality and neutron transmission benchmark tests; (2) More precise standard cross sections for neutron reactions on H, 6 Li, 10 B, Au and for 235,238 U fission, developed by a collaboration with the IAEA and the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC); (3) Improved thermal neutron scattering; (4) An extensive set of neutron cross sections on fission products developed through a WPEC collaboration; (5) A large suite of photonuclear reactions; (6) Extension of many neutron- and proton-induced evaluations up to 150 MeV; (7) Many new light nucleus neutron and proton reactions; (8) Post-fission beta-delayed photon decay spectra; (9) New radioactive decay data; (10) New methods for uncertainties and covariances, together with covariance evaluations for some sample cases; and (11) New actinide fission energy deposition. The paper provides an overview of this library, consisting of 14 sublibraries in the same ENDF-6 format as the earlier ENDF/B-VI library. We describe each of the 14 sublibraries, focusing on neutron reactions. Extensive validation, using radiation transport codes to simulate measured critical assemblies, show major improvements: (a) The long-standing underprediction of low enriched uranium thermal assemblies is removed; (b) The 238 U and 208 Pb reflector biases in fast systems are largely removed; (c) ENDF/B-VI.8 good agreement for simulations of thermal high-enriched uranium assemblies is preserved; (d) The underprediction of fast criticality of 233,235 U and 239 Pu assemblies is removed; and (e) The intermediate spectrum critical assemblies are predicted more accurately. We anticipate that the new library will play an important role in nuclear technology applications, including transport simulations supporting national security, nonproliferation, advanced reactor and fuel cycle concepts, criticality safety, fusion, medicine, space applications, nuclear astrophysics, and nuclear physics facility design. The ENDF/B-VII.0 library is archived at the National Nuclear Data Center, BNL, and can be retrieved from www.nndc.bnl.gov .
Q. R. Ahmad1, R. C. Allen2, T. C. Andersen3, J. D. Anglin4 +202 more•Institutions (17)
13 Aug 2001-Physical Review Letters
TL;DR: In this paper, the total flux of 8B neutrinos was determined to be (5.44±0.99)×106 cm−2 s−1, in close agreement with the predictions of solar models.
Abstract: Solar neutrinos from the decay of 8B have been detected at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) via the charged current (CC) reaction on deuterium and by the elastic scattering (ES) of electrons. The CC reaction is sensitive exclusively to νe, while the ES reaction also has a small sensitivity to νμ and ντ. The flux of νe from 8B decay measured by the CC reaction rate is φCC(ν e )=[1.75±0.07(stat.) −0.11 +0.12 (syst.)×0.05(theor.)]×106cm−2s−1. Assuming no flavor transformation, the flux inferred from the ES reaction rate is φES(ν x )=[2.39±0.34(stat.) −0.14 +0.16 (syst.)]×106cm−2s−1. Comparison of φCC(νe) to the Super-Kamiokande collaboration’s precision value of φES(νx) yields a 3.3σ difference, assuming the systematic uncertainties are normally distributed, providing evidence that there is a nonelectron flavor active neutrino component in the solar flux. The total flux of active 8B neutrinos is thus determined to be (5.44±0.99)×106 cm−2 s−1, in close agreement with the predictions of solar models.
TL;DR: A least-mean-square adaptive filter with a variable step size, allowing the adaptive filter to track changes in the system as well as produce a small steady state error, is introduced.
Abstract: A least-mean-square (LMS) adaptive filter with a variable step size is introduced. The step size increases or decreases as the mean-square error increases or decreases, allowing the adaptive filter to track changes in the system as well as produce a small steady state error. The convergence and steady-state behavior of the algorithm are analyzed. The results reduce to well-known results when specialized to the constant-step-size case. Simulation results are presented to support the analysis and to compare the performance of the algorithm with the usual LMS algorithm and another variable-step-size algorithm. They show that its performance compares favorably with these existing algorithms. >
TL;DR: In this article, a new hexagonal hydrate structure requiring both large and small guest molecules to stabilize the structure is reported, which is expected to be isostructural with the hexagonal clathrasil dodecasil-lH.
Abstract: Clathrate hydrates, ice-like host–guest systems containing guest molecules in cages of hydrogen-bonded water molecules exist in three well-characterized cubic forms, and a less well-characterized tetragonal form1,2 On the basis of 2H and l29Xe NMR measurements and X-ray and neutron powder diffraction results, we now report a new hexagonal hydrate structure requiring both large and small guest molecules to stabilize the structure This hydrate is expected to be isostructural with the hexagonal clathrasil dodecasil-lH (see ref 14 for clathrasil nomenclature) As for the cubic clathrate hydrates, the new hydrate structure may occur naturally
01 Sep 2008-Biophysical Journal
TL;DR: An improved method for determining lipid areas helps to reconcile long-standing differences in the values of lipid areas obtained from stand-alone x-ray and neutron scattering experiments and poses new challenges for molecular dynamics simulations.
Abstract: Quantitative structures were obtained for the fully hydrated fluid phases of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers by simultaneously analyzing x-ray and neutron scattering data. The neutron data for DOPC included two solvent contrasts, 50% and 100% D2O. For DPPC, additional contrast data were obtained with deuterated analogs DPPC_d62, DPPC_d13, and DPPC_d9. For the analysis, we developed a model that is based on volume probability distributions and their spatial conservation. The model's design was guided and tested by a DOPC molecular dynamics simulation. The model consistently captures the salient features found in both electron and neutron scattering density profiles. A key result of the analysis is the molecular surface area, A. For DPPC at 50C A ¼ 63.0 A ˚ 2 , whereas for DOPC at 30C A ¼ 67.4 A ˚ 2 , with estimated uncertainties of 1 A ˚ 2 . Although A for DPPC agrees with a recently reported value obtained solely from the analysis of x-ray scattering data, A for DOPC is almost 10% smaller. This improved method for determining lipid areas helps to reconcile long-standing differences in the values of lipid areas obtained from stand-alone x-ray and neutron scattering experiments and poses new challenges for molecular dynamics simulations.
Showing all 4845 results
|Henry P. Schwarcz||78||351||20863|
|Jonathan N. Glickman||72||172||24025|
|See Leang Chin||67||460||17181|
|Purnendu K. Dasgupta||62||506||16779|
|Michael P. Païdoussis||46||165||8825|
|A. G. W. Cameron||45||123||10111|
|Erland M. Schulson||44||245||6966|
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