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Başkent University

EducationAnkara, Turkey
About: Başkent University is a(n) education organization based out in Ankara, Turkey. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Transplantation & Population. The organization has 4652 authors who have published 10380 publication(s) receiving 143117 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Başkent Üniversitesi.

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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The multiple traveling salesman problem (mTSP) is a generalization of the well-known traveling salesman problem (TSP), where more than one salesman is allowed to be used in the solution. Moreover, the characteristics of the mTSP seem more appropriate for real-life applications, and it is also possible to extend the problem to a wide variety of vehicle routing problems (VRPs) by incorporating some additional side constraints. Although there exists a wide body of the literature for the TSP and the VRP, the mTSP has not received the same amount of attention. The purpose of this survey is to review the problem and its practical applications, to highlight some formulations and to describe exact and heuristic solution procedures proposed for this problem.

887 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The underlying biology of ASCs and their proliferation and differentiation capacities are described, together with current preclinical and clinical data from a variety of medical fields regarding the use ofASCs in regenerative medicine, and future directions for ASCs in terms of cell‐based therapies and regenerative Medicine are discussed.
Abstract: The potential use of stem cell-based therapies for the repair and regeneration of various tissues and organs offers a paradigm shift that may provide alternative therapeutic solutions for a number of diseases. The use of either embryonic stem cells (ESCs) or induced pluripotent stem cells in clinical situations is limited due to cell regulations and to technical and ethical considerations involved in the genetic manipulation of human ESCs, even though these cells are, theoretically, highly beneficial. Mesenchymal stem cells seem to be an ideal population of stem cells for practical regenerative medicine, because they are not subjected to the same restrictions. In particular, large number of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) can be easily harvested from adipose tissue. Furthermore, recent basic research and preclinical studies have revealed that the use of ASCs in regenerative medicine is not limited to mesodermal tissue but extends to both ectodermal and endodermal tissues and organs, although ASCs originate from mesodermal lineages. Based on this background knowledge, the primary purpose of this concise review is to summarize and describe the underlying biology of ASCs and their proliferation and differentiation capacities, together with current preclinical and clinical data from a variety of medical fields regarding the use of ASCs in regenerative medicine. In addition, future directions for ASCs in terms of cell-based therapies and regenerative medicine are discussed. STEM CELLS 2012;30:804–810

555 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Community- Acquired ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae are now prevalent worldwide, necessitating international collaboration and novel approaches are required to adequately address issues such as empirical treatment for severe community-acquired infection and infection control.
Abstract: Infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae are increasing in frequency and are associated with high mortality rates. Circulation of CTX-M-type ESBLs in the community is of particular concern, because it may confound standard infection-control measures.

427 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Castell’s book is the first part of his milstone “The Information Age: Economy Society, and Culture” work. The author states that, the triology was prepared to be a single book, but then with the contributions of the editor, it was divided into three books by making each part of the study a separate book. In this particular book, Castells presents an easily understandable and comprehensive analysis by examining the economic, social, and cultural changes that caused by the Network Society. He does this by being as realistic as possible and reaching a clear conclusion by supporting all of his claims with various statistics and examples.

389 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper aims to examine the role(s) that the various vehicles of marketing communications can play with respect to communicating, publicising and highlighting organisational CSR policies to its various stakeholders. It will further endeavour to evaluate the impact of such communications on an organisation’s corporate reputation and brand image. The proliferation of unsubstantiated ethical claims and so-called ‘green washing’ by some companies has resulted in increasing consumer cynicism and mistrust. This has made the task of communicating with, and more importantly convincing, an organisation’s stakeholders vis-a-vis its CSR credentials even more difficult. This paper argues that marketing communications tools can play a major role in conveying a company’s CSR messages and communicating a more socially responsible image.

331 citations


Showing all 4652 results

Matthew O'Donnell7555120116
Mustafa Sahin6977220729
Mehmet Kanbay543709894
Erhan Pişkin493128854
Rob S. MacLeod4934310316
Mehmet Haberal48103812541
Oguz Akin451656433
Ayse Ayhan422476644
Walter Land413717637
Adnan Kisa3811329792
Haldun Muderrisoglu373495538
Tolga Bektaş371217040
Haluk Ozen332143805
Ahmet Arslan332534025
S. Ansar Ahmed33745810
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