Beijing University of Technology
Education•Beijing, Beijing, China•
About: Beijing University of Technology is a(n) education organization based out in Beijing, Beijing, China. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Microstructure & Laser. The organization has 31929 authors who have published 31987 publication(s) receiving 352112 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Běijīng Gōngyè Dàxué & Beijing Polytechnic University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 2010-Chemical Engineering Journal
TL;DR: A review of the recent development of natural zeolites as adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment can be found in this paper, where the properties and modification of natural zerosite are discussed and the modified zerosites achieving higher adsorption capacity for organics and anions.
Abstract: Natural zeolites are abundant and low cost resources, which are crystalline hydrated aluminosilicates with a framework structure containing pores occupied by water, alkali and alkaline earth cations Due to their high cation-exchange ability as well as to the molecular sieve properties, natural zeolites have been widely used as adsorbents in separation and purification processes in the past decades In this paper, we review the recent development of natural zeolites as adsorbents in water and wastewater treatment The properties and modification of natural zeolite are discussed Various natural zeolites around the world have shown varying ion-exchange capacity for cations such as ammonium and heavy metal ions Some zeolites also show adsorption of anions and organics from aqueous solution Modification of natural zeolites can be done in several methods such as acid treatment, ion exchange, and surfactant functionalisation, making the modified zeolites achieving higher adsorption capacity for organics and anions
18 Apr 2016-Chemical Society Reviews
TL;DR: Advances in Zr-MOFs since 2008 are summarized and reviewed from three aspects: design and synthesis, structure, and applications to provide guidance for the in-depth investigation of MOFs towards practical applications.
Abstract: Among the large family of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), Zr-based MOFs, which exhibit rich structure types, outstanding stability, intriguing properties and functions, are foreseen as one of the most promising MOF materials for practical applications. Although this specific type of MOF is still in its early stage of development, significant progress has been made in recent years. Herein, advances in Zr-MOFs since 2008 are summarized and reviewed from three aspects: design and synthesis, structure, and applications. Four synthesis strategies implemented in building and/or modifying Zr-MOFs as well as their scale-up preparation under green and industrially feasible conditions are illustrated first. Zr-MOFs with various structural types are then classified and discussed in terms of different Zr-based secondary building units and organic ligands. Finally, applications of Zr-MOFs in catalysis, molecule adsorption and separation, drug delivery, and fluorescence sensing, and as porous carriers are highlighted. Such a review based on a specific type of MOF is expected to provide guidance for the in-depth investigation of MOFs towards practical applications.
08 Oct 2012-Angewandte Chemie
TL;DR: A unique strategy employing heme-like active centers as structural motifs for the assembly of highly stable porous materials, which should possess well-defined mesochannels and ultrahigh stability in aqueous solution is proposed.
Abstract: In nature, metalloporphyrins are well known for performing many biological functions in aqueous media, such as light harvesting, oxygen transportation, and catalysis. Heme, the iron–porphyrin derivative, is the cofactor for many enzyme/ protein families, including peroxidases, cytochromes, hemoglobins, and myoglobins. Using synthetic systems to mimic natural enzymes with high catalytic activity and substrate selectivity has been a sought-after goal in the last decade. Direct application of a heme as an oxidation catalyst in aqueous solution is usually challenging due to the formation of catalytically inactive dimers and catalyst self-destruction in the oxidizing reaction media. One promising approach is to load heme on supports, such as zeolites, clays, nanoparticles, hydrogels, or carbon materials, a practice which inevitably dilutes the density of active sites. An alternative approach is to protect the heme center by modifying the porphyrin to produce dendrimers or molecular crystals, which is a synthetically demanding method. Herein, we propose a unique strategy employing heme-like active centers as structural motifs for the assembly of highly stable porous materials, which should possess well-defined mesochannels and ultrahigh stability in aqueous solution. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a new class of crystalline porous materials with fascinating structures and intriguing properties, such as permanent porosity, high surface area, and uniform open cavities. The availability of various building blocks consisting of metals and organic linkers makes it possible to construct MOFs with unique properties for diverse applications. However, these desirable features of MOFs have rarely been applied to an enzymatic mimic, especially for catalysis in an aqueous medium, despite the fact that the assembly of ligands bearing high-density active sites into 3D frameworks may provide an ideal system to both enhance the catalytic activity and protect the cofactors. One of the main reasons is the lack of water-stable MOFs containing redox-active metal centers. Furthermore, most MOFs are microporous (pore size< 2 nm). Although they are suitable for gas storage, the small pore size slows down diffusion and limits the access of large substrate molecules to the active sites inside a MOF. Therefore, MOFs with mesopores, accessible redox sites, and ultrahigh stability, especially in aqueous media, are indispensible for any successful biomimetic attempt. Herein we have employed Fe-TCPP (TCPP= tetrakis(4carboxyphenyl)porphyrin) as a heme-like ligand and chosen highly stable Zr6 clusters as nodes for the assembly of stable Zr-MOFs. With carefully selected starting materials, we have successfully constructed a 3D heme-like MOF, designated as PCN-222(Fe) (Figure 1; PCN= porous coordination net-
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of the application of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants is presented, where the reported examples are collected and analyzed; and the reaction mechanism, the influence of various factors on the catalytic performance, involved challenges, and the prospect are discussed and estimated.
Abstract: Efficient removal of organic pollutants from wastewater has become a hot research topic due to its ecological and environmental importance. Traditional water treatment methods such as adsorption, coagulation, and membrane separation suffer from high operating costs, and even generate secondary pollutants. Photocatalysis on semiconductor catalysts (TiO2, ZnO, Fe2O3, CdS, GaP, and ZnS) has demonstrated efficiency in degrading a wide range of organic pollutants into biodegradable or less toxic organic compounds, as well as inorganic CO2, H2O, NO3−, PO43−, and halide ions. However, the difficult post-separation, easy agglomeration, and low solar energy conversion efficiency of these inorganic catalysts limit their large scale applications. Exploitation of new catalysts has been attracting great attention in the related research communities. In the past two decades, a class of newly-developed inorganic–organic hybrid porous materials, namely metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) has generated rapid development due to their versatile applications such as in catalysis and separation. Recent research has showed that these materials, acting as catalysts, are quite effective in the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants. This review highlights research progress in the application of MOFs in this area. The reported examples are collected and analyzed; and the reaction mechanism, the influence of various factors on the catalytic performance, the involved challenges, and the prospect are discussed and estimated. It is clear that MOFs have a bright future in photocatalysis for pollutant degradation.
08 Aug 2014-Nature Communications
TL;DR: This work presents a new PDT agent based on graphene quantum dots (GQDs) that can produce 1O2 via a multistate sensitization process, resulting in a quantum yield of ~1.3, the highest reported for PDT agents.
Abstract: Clinical applications of current photodynamic therapy (PDT) agents are often limited by their low singlet oxygen ((1)O2) quantum yields, as well as by photobleaching and poor biocompatibility. Here we present a new PDT agent based on graphene quantum dots (GQDs) that can produce (1)O2 via a multistate sensitization process, resulting in a quantum yield of ~1.3, the highest reported for PDT agents. The GQDs also exhibit a broad absorption band spanning the UV region and the entire visible region and a strong deep-red emission. Through in vitro and in vivo studies, we demonstrate that GQDs can be used as PDT agents, simultaneously allowing imaging and providing a highly efficient cancer therapy. The present work may lead to a new generation of carbon-based nanomaterial PDT agents with overall performance superior to conventional agents in terms of (1)O2 quantum yield, water dispersibility, photo- and pH-stability, and biocompatibility.
Showing all 31929 results
|Zhong Lin Wang||245||2529||259003|
|Pulickel M. Ajayan||176||1223||136241|
|James M. Tour||143||859||91364|
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