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Institution

Bharathiar University

EducationCoimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
About: Bharathiar University is a(n) education organization based out in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Thin film & Adsorption. The organization has 5812 authors who have published 8628 publication(s) receiving 143934 citation(s). The organization is also known as: BU.


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TL;DR: In this paper, the adsorption of Congo Red by coir pith carbon was carried out by varying the parameters such as agitation time, dye concentration, adsorbent dose, pH and temperature.
Abstract: The adsorption of Congo Red by coir pith carbon was carried out by varying the parameters such as agitation time, dye concentration, adsorbent dose, pH and temperature. Equilibrium adsorption data followed both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Adsorption followed second-order rate kinetics. The adsorption capacity was found to be 6.7 mg dye per g of the adsorbent. Acidic pH was favourable for the adsorption of Congo Red. Desorption studies suggest that chemisorption might be the major mode of adsorption.

1,261 citations

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TL;DR: Kinetic study showed that the adsorption of dye on coir pith carbon was a gradual process and pH effect and desorption studies suggest that chemisorption might be the major mode of the Adsorption process.
Abstract: Varying the parameters such as agitation time, dye concentration, adsorbent dose, pH and temperature carried out the potential feasibility of thermally activated coir pith carbon prepared from coconut husk for removal of methylene blue. Greater percentage of dye was removed with decrease in the initial concentration of dye and increase in amount of adsorbent used. Kinetic study showed that the adsorption of dye on coir pith carbon was a gradual process. Lagergren first-order, second-order, intra particle diffusion model and Bangham were used to fit the experimental data. Equilibrium isotherms were analysed by Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubnin-Radushkevich, and Tempkin isotherm. The adsorption capacity was found to be 5.87 mg/g by Langmuir isotherm for the particle size 250-500 microm. The equilibrium time was found to be 30 and 60 min for 10 and 20 mg/L and 100 min for 30, 40 mg/L dye concentrations, respectively. A maximum removal of 97% was obtained at natural pH 6.9 for an adsorbent dose of 100 mg/50 mL and 100% removal was obtained for an adsorbent dose of 600 mg/50 mL of 10 mg/L dye concentration. The pH effect and desorption studies suggest that chemisorption might be the major mode of the adsorption process. The change in entropy (DeltaS0) and heat of adsorption (DeltaH0) of coir pith carbon was estimated as 117.20 J/mol/K and 30.88 kJ/mol, respectively. The high negative value of change in Gibbs free energy indicates the feasible and spontaneous adsorption of methylene blue on coir pith carbon.

773 citations

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TL;DR: The percent adsorption increased with increase in pH from 2 to 6 and remained constant up to 10 and the resulting carbon is expected to be an economical product for the removal of toxic heavy metals from industrial wastewaters.
Abstract: Activated carbon was prepared from coirpith by a chemical activation method and characterized. The adsorption of toxic heavy metals, Hg(II), Pb(II), Cd(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II) was studied using synthetic solutions and was reported elsewhere. In the present work the adsorption of toxic heavy metals from industrial wastewaters onto coirpith carbon was studied. The percent adsorption increased with increase in pH from 2 to 6 and remained constant up to 10. As coirpith is discarded as waste from coir processing industries, the resulting carbon is expected to be an economical product for the removal of toxic heavy metals from industrial wastewaters.

693 citations

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TL;DR: Fifty medicinal plants belonging to 26 families were studied for their antimicrobial activity and among 50 plants tested, 72% showed antimacterial activity.
Abstract: Fifty medicinal plants belonging to 26 families were studied for their antimicrobial activity. Among 50 plants tested, 72% showed antimicrobial activity. About 22 plant extracts from 15 families exhibited activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Fourteen plants belonging to 11 families did not show activity against any of the bacteria tested. Only nine plant extracts showed antifungal activity. The bulb extracts of A. cepa and A. sativum exhibited activity against both filamentous and non-filamentous fungus. Eight plant extracts belonging to seven families exhibited both antibacterial and antifungal activity.

682 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

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TL;DR: The effectiveness of orange peel in adsorbing Acid violet 17 from aqueous solutions has been studied as a function of agitation time, adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration and pH.
Abstract: The effectiveness of orange peel in adsorbing Acid violet 17 from aqueous solutions has been studied as a function of agitation time, adsorbent dosage, initial dye concentration and pH. The adsorption follows both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The adsorption capacity Q0 was 19.88 mg/g at initial pH 6.3. The equilibrium time was found to be 80 min for 10, 20, 30 and 40 mg/L, dye concentration respectively. A maximum removal of 87% was obtained at pH 2.0 for an adsorbent dose of 600 mg/50 ml of 10 mg/L dye concentration. Adsorption increases with increase in pH. Maximum desorption of 60% was achieved in water medium at pH 10.0.

554 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202238
2021806
2020694
2019792
2018813
2017862