Nonprofit•London, United Kingdom•
About: British Orthopaedic Association is a nonprofit organization based out in London, United Kingdom. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Hip fracture & Labour law. The organization has 276 authors who have published 23 publications receiving 823 citations. The organization is also known as: BOA.
TL;DR: There should be protocol‐driven, fast‐track admission of patients with hip fractures through the emergency department, according to a report published in JAMA Oncology 2.1.
Abstract: There should be protocol-driven, fast-track admission of patients with hip fractures through the emergency department. Patients with hip fractures require multidisciplinary care, led by orthogeriatricians. Surgery is the best analgesic for hip fractures. Surgical repair of hip fractures should occur within 48 hours of hospital admission. Surgery and anaesthesia must be undertaken by appropriately experienced surgeons and anaesthetists. There must be high-quality communication between clinicians and allied health professionals. Early mobilisation is a key part of the management of patients with hip fractures. Pre-operative management should include consideration of planning for discharge from hospital. Measures should be taken to prevent secondary falls. 10. Continuous audit and targeted research is required in order to inform and improve the management of patients with hip fracture.
TL;DR: The history of the genesis of the Putti-Platt operation for habitual dislocation of the shoulder is outlined and the operation is described and briefly commented upon.
Abstract: 1. The history of the genesis of the Putti-Platt operation for habitual dislocation of the shoulder is outlined so far as it is known. 2. The operation is described and briefly commented upon. 3. Since there is both gleno-labrial detachment and defect in the humeral head successful treatment depends upon: i) a block to the exit of the humeral head in front and ii) limitation of external rotation movement.
TL;DR: Three mechanical factors which might be responsible for this very early clinical union are examined and a theory is suggested that high compression forces stimulate early union by liberating bone salts at points of maximum pressure through the action of osteoclasts.
Abstract: 1. The technique of compression-arthrodesis of the knee joint is described. 2. Fifteen consecutive cases are reported in which clinical union was detected at the first inspection from twelve days to six weeks after operation. By this method the total period of disability is reduced to three months. 3. Three mechanical factors which might be responsible for this very early clinical union are examined: compression is believed to be the main factor, although fixation is also important. 4. A fallacy is exposed in the use of bone grafts for arthrodesis of the knee; the graft is less osteogenic than the substance of the bones which form the joint, and it provides inefficient internal fixation. 5. A theory is suggested that compression, even in the presence of slight movement, acts by producing a fixed "hinge" without shearing movement; at this point a bridgehead of flexible osteoid tissue is established in which ossification inevitably takes place despite slight bending movement. 6. A second theory is suggested that high compression forces stimulate early union by liberating bone salts at points of maximum pressure through the action of osteoclasts, and that the local excess of bone salts is redeposited under cellular activity within a range of a few millimetres where there is no pressure.
TL;DR: These guidelines describe the core aims and principles of peri‐operative management, recommending greater standardisation of anaesthetic practice as a component of multidisciplinary care.
Abstract: We convened a multidisciplinary Working Party on behalf of the Association of Anaesthetists to update the 2011 guidance on the peri-operative management of people with hip fracture. Importantly, these guidelines describe the core aims and principles of peri-operative management, recommending greater standardisation of anaesthetic practice as a component of multidisciplinary care. Although much of the 2011 guidance remains applicable to contemporary practice, new evidence and consensus inform the additional recommendations made in this document. Specific changes to the 2011 guidance relate to analgesia, medicolegal practice, risk assessment, bone cement implantation syndrome and regional review networks. Areas of controversy remain, and we discuss these in further detail, relating to the mode of anaesthesia, surgical delay, blood management and transfusion thresholds, echocardiography, anticoagulant and antiplatelet management and postoperative discharge destination. Finally, these guidelines provide links to supplemental online material that can be used at readers' institutions, key references and UK national guidance about the peri-operative care of people with hip and periprosthetic fractures during the COVID-19 pandemic.
TL;DR: Concise guidelines are presented for the preparation and conduct of anaesthesia and surgery in patients undergoing cemented hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture.
Abstract: Concise guidelines are presented for the preparation and conduct of anaesthesia and surgery in patients undergoing cemented hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture. The Working Party specifically considered recent publications highlighting complications occurring during the peri-operative period. The advice presented is based on previously published advice and clinical studies.
Showing all 276 results
|Matthew L. Costa||47||286||6200|
|Iain K. Moppett||31||132||3160|
|Xavier L. Griffin||24||95||1740|
|Julian F. Maempel||10||28||277|
|Navraj S Nagra||9||27||277|
|Ben A Marson||8||41||251|
|Shahbaz S. Malik||7||21||125|
|G. Blundell Jones||6||7||173|
|Christopher P. Bretherton||5||8||155|
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