About: China University of Mining and Technology is a education organization based out in Xuzhou, China. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Coal & Coal mining. The organization has 40845 authors who have published 34781 publications receiving 413437 citations. The organization is also known as: Zhōngguó Kuàngyè Dàxué.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: An overview of the technologies in the production of biodiesel from microalgae, including the various modes of cultivation for theproduction of oil-rich microalgal biomass, as well as the subsequent downstream processing for biodiesel production is provided.
Abstract: Biodiesel has received much attention in recent years. Although numerous reports are available on the production of biodiesel from vegetable oils of terraneous oil-plants, such as soybean, sunflower and palm oils, the production of biodiesel from microalgae is a newly emerging field. Microalgal biotechnology appears to possess high potential for biodiesel production because a significant increase in lipid content of microalgae is now possible through heterotrophic cultivation and genetic engineering approaches. This paper provides an overview of the technologies in the production of biodiesel from microalgae, including the various modes of cultivation for the production of oil-rich microalgal biomass, as well as the subsequent downstream processing for biodiesel production. The advances and prospects of using microalgal biotechnology for biodiesel production are discussed.
TL;DR: Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations on growth, nutrient uptake, and lipid accumulation of a freshwater microalga Scenedesmus sp.
Abstract: Microalgae have high potential to remove inorganic nutrients from wastewater and to produce biodiesel. Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations on growth, nutrient uptake, and lipid accumulation of a freshwater microalga Scenedesmus sp. LX1 were studied. Scenedesmus sp. LX1’s growth was in accordance with the Monod model. The following Monod parameters were obtained: the N- and P-saturated maximum growth rate was 2.21 × 106 cells mL−1 d−1, and the half-saturation constants of N and P uptake were 12.1 mg L−1 and 0.27 mg L−1, respectively. In the nitrogen/phosphorus ratio of 5:1–12:1, 83–99% nitrogen and 99% phosphorus could be removed. In conditions of nitrogen (2.5 mg L−1) or phosphorus (0.1 mg L−1) limitation, Scenedesmus sp. LX1 could accumulate lipids to as high as 30% and 53%, respectively, of its algal biomass. The lipid productivity/unit volume of culture, however, was not enhanced. Further research should be made on how to enhance both lipid content and lipid productivity.
TL;DR: The background values of trace elements were dominated by sediment source regions in coal-bearing strata in China as mentioned in this paper, and the genetic types for trace-element enrichment of Chinese coals include source-rock- controlled, marine-environment-controlled, hydrothermal-fluid-controlled (including magmatic-, low-temperature-hydrothermalfluid-, and submarine-exhalation-controlled subtypes), groundwater-controlled and volcanic-ash-controlled.
Abstract: China will continue to be one of the largest coal producers and users in the world. The high volume of coal use in China has focused attention on the amounts of toxic trace elements released from coal combustions and also the valuable trace elements extracted or potentially utilized from coal ash. Compared to world coals, Chinese coals have normal background values for most trace elements, with the exception of higher Li (31.8 μg/g), Zr (89.5 μg/g), Nb (9.44 μg/g), Ta (0.62 μg/g), Hf (3.71 μg/g), Th (5.84 μg/g), and rare earth elements (∑ La-Lu + Y, 136 μg/g). This is not only due to the higher ash yields of Chinese coals but also to alkali volcanic ashes found in some southwestern coals. The background values of toxic elements of Hg (0.163 μg/g), As (3.79 μg/g), and F (130 μg/g) in Chinese coals are comparable to coals from most other countries. The genetic types for trace-element enrichment of Chinese coals include source-rock- controlled, marine-environment-controlled, hydrothermal-fluid-controlled (including magmatic-, low-temperature-hydrothermal-fluid-, and submarine-exhalation-controlled subtypes), groundwater-controlled, and volcanic-ash-controlled. The background values of trace elements were dominated by sediment source regions. Low-temperature hydrothermal fluid was one of the major factors for the local enrichment of trace elements in southwestern China. Serious human health problems caused by indoor combustion of coal in China include endemic fluorosis, arsenosis, selenosis, and lung cancer. Endemic fluorosis, mainly occurring in western Guizhou, was mostly attributed to the high fluorine in clay that was used as a briquette binder for fine coals, in addition to a small quantity of fluorine from coal. Fluorine in the coal from endemic-fluorosis areas of western Guizhou is within the usual range found in China and the world. Endemic arsenosis in southwestern Guizhou is attributed to indoor combustion of high-As coal. Endemic selenosis in Enshi of Hubei was due to high Se in carbonaceous siliceous rocks and carbonaceous shales. Fine particles of quartz, released into air during coal combustion, are hypothesized as a possible cause for the lung cancer epidemic in Xuanwei, Yunnan, China. Valuable elements, including Ge, Ga, U, REE (rare earth element), Nb, Zr, and Re are concentrated to levels comparable to conventional economic deposits in several coals or coal-bearing strata in China. The Ge deposits at Lincang, Yunnan province and Wulantuga, Inner Mongolia have been exploited and industrially utilized. The enrichment of Ge in the two deposits was caused by hydrothermal fluids associated with adjacent granitoids. The Ga (Al) ore deposit in the Jungar Coalfield, Inner Mongolia, was derived from the neighboring weathered and oxidized bauxite of the Benxi Formation (Pennsylvanian). The Nb(Ta)–Zr(Hf)–REE–Ga deposits in the Late Permian coal-bearing strata of eastern Yunnan and Chongqing of southwestern China were attributed to ashes of the alkali volcanic eruptions.
TL;DR: Shape-memory polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) using a new silver nanowire/polymer electrode are reported that can be stretched by up to 16% with only a small increase in sheet resistance.
Abstract: Shape-memory polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) using a new silver nanowire/polymer electrode are reported. The electrode can be stretched by up to 16% with only a small increase in sheet resistance. Large deformation shape change and recovery of the PLEDs to various bistable curvatures result in minimal loss of electroluminescence performance.
TL;DR: This study investigates the quantitative relationship between knowledge sharing, innovation and performance and develops a research model positing that knowledge sharing not only have positive relationship with performance directly but also influence innovation which in turn contributes to firm performance.
Abstract: Highlights?Exploring the effect Knowledge sharing (KS) have on innovation and firm performance. ?Confirming the mediating role of innovation between KS and performance. ?finding that explicit KS impacts innovation speed more than financial performance. ?finding that tacit KS impacts innovation quality more than operational performance. This study investigates the quantitative relationship between knowledge sharing, innovation and performance. Based on the literature review, we develop a research model positing that knowledge sharing not only have positive relationship with performance directly but also influence innovation which in turn contributes to firm performance. This model is empirically tested using data collected from 89 high technology firms in Jiangsu Province of China. It is found that both explicit and tacit knowledge sharing practices facilitate innovation and performance. Explicit knowledge sharing has more significant effects on innovation speed and financial performance while tacit knowledge sharing has more significant effects on innovation quality and operational performance.
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|Hari M. Srivastava||76||1126||42635|
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