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Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology

EducationChittagong, Bangladesh
About: Chittagong University of Engineering & Technology is a(n) education organization based out in Chittagong, Bangladesh. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Renewable energy & Dielectric. The organization has 1200 authors who have published 1444 publication(s) receiving 10418 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Engineering College, Chittagong & Bangladesh Institute of Technology, Chittagong.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Million tons of waste glass is being generated annually all over the world. Once the glass becomes a waste it is disposed as landfills, which is unsustainable as this does not decompose in the environment. Glass is principally composed of silica. Use of milled (ground) waste glass in concrete as partial replacement of cement could be an important step toward development of sustainable (environmentally friendly, energy-efficient and economical) infrastructure systems. When waste glass is milled down to micro size particles, it is expected to undergo pozzolanic reactions with cement hydrates, forming secondary Calcium Silicate Hydrate (C–S–H). In this research chemical properties of both clear and colored glass were evaluated. Chemical analysis of glass and cement samples was determined using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) technique and found minor differences in composition between clear and colored glasses. Flow and compressive strength tests on mortar and concrete were carried out by adding 0–25% ground glass in which water to binder (cement + glass) ratio is kept the same for all replacement levels. With increase in glass addition mortar flow was slightly increased while a minor effect on concrete workability was noted. To evaluate the packing and pozzolanic effects, further tests were also conducted with same mix details and 1% super plasticizing admixture dose (by weight of cement) and generally found an increase in compressive strength of mortars with admixture. As with mortar, concrete cube samples were prepared and tested for strength (until 1 year curing). The compressive strength test results indicated that recycled glass mortar and concrete gave better strength compared to control samples. A 20% replacement of cement with waste glass was found convincing considering cost and the environment.

187 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This work deals with the experimental investigation on Nusselt number, friction factor and thermal performance factor in a circular tube equipped with perforated twisted tape inserts with four different porosities of R p = 1.6, 4.5, 8.9 and 14.7%. The experiments were conducted in a turbulent flow regime with Reynolds number ranging from 7200 to 49,800 using air as the working fluid under uniform wall heat flux boundary condition. The experimental results revealed that both heat transfer rate and friction factor of the tube fitted with perforated twisted tapes were significantly higher than those of the plain tube. Over the range investigated, Nusselt number, friction factor and thermal performance factor in the tube with perforated twisted tape inserts was found to be 110 –340, 110 –360 and 28–59% higher than those of the plain tube values, respectively. In addition, the empirical correlations of Nusselt number, friction factor and thermal performance factor were formulated from the experimental results of tape inserts.

154 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A comparative analysis is being performed of the engine performance and exhaust emission on a gasoline and compressed natural gas (CNG) fueled retrofitted spark ignition car engine. A new 1.6 L, 4-cylinder petrol engine was converted to the computer incorporated bi-fuel system which operated with either gasoline or CNG using an electronically controlled solenoid actuated valve mechanism. The engine brake power, brake specific fuel consumption, brake thermal efficiency, exhaust gas temperature and exhaust emissions (unburnt hydrocarbon, carbon mono-oxide, oxygen and carbon dioxides) were measured over a range of speed variations at 50% and 80% throttle positions through a computer based data acquisition and control system. Comparative analysis of the experimental results showed 19.25% and 10.86% reduction in brake power and 15.96% and 14.68% reduction in brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) at 50% and 80% throttle positions respectively while the engine was fueled with CNG compared to that with the gasoline. Whereas, the retrofitted engine produced 1.6% higher brake thermal efficiency and 24.21% higher exhaust gas temperature at 80% throttle had produced an average of 40.84% higher NOx emission over the speed range of 1500–5500 rpm at 80% throttle. Other emission contents (unburnt HC, CO, O2 and CO2) were significantly lower than those of the gasoline emissions.

153 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Progress in disulfide engineering is reviewed, with an emphasis on the issue of stability and computational methods that facilitate engineering efforts.
Abstract: Improving the stability of proteins is an important goal in many biomedical and industrial applications. A logical approach is to emulate stabilizing molecular interactions found in nature. Disulfide bonds are covalent interactions that provide substantial stability to many proteins and conform to well-defined geometric conformations, thus making them appealing candidates in protein engineering efforts. Disulfide engineering is the directed design of novel disulfide bonds into target proteins. This important biotechnological tool has achieved considerable success in a wide range of applications, yet the rules that govern the stabilizing effects of disulfide bonds are not fully characterized. Contrary to expectations, many designed disulfide bonds have resulted in decreased stability of the modified protein. We review progress in disulfide engineering, with an emphasis on the issue of stability and computational methods that facilitate engineering efforts.

144 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Palm oil is an important edible oil in the global fats and oil market and its industry is also one of the prominent global agricultural industries. The production of crude palm oil reached 62.34 million tonnes in 2014. However, enormous volumes of production has subsequently discharged large volumes of a palm oil mill effluent (POME). POME is a remarkably contaminating effluent due to its high amount of COD, BOD and colour concentrations, which can affect the environment, especially water resources. However, it was recognized as a prospective source of renewable biogas such as biomethane and biohydrogen. Nowadays, with the global emphasis on sustainability, if we simultaneously operate wastewater treatment and produced renewable bio energy in the palm oil industry, then this industry can be environmentally sound, with cleaner production and greater sustainability. The aim of this review is to discuss various existing treatment processes (mainly anaerobic and aerobic digestion, physicochemical treatment and membrane separation) and factors that influence the treatment methods and conversion of POME to renewable biogas such as biomethane and biohydrogen on a commercial scale.

139 citations


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