Dalian University of Technology
About: Dalian University of Technology is a(n) education organization based out in Dalian, China. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Catalysis & Finite element method. The organization has 60890 authors who have published 71921 publication(s) receiving 1188356 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Dàlián Lǐgōng Dàxué.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors reviewed the recent development of new alloy systems of bulk metallic glasses and the properties and processing technologies relevant to the industrial applications of these alloys are also discussed.
Abstract: Amorphous alloys were first developed over 40 years ago and found applications as magnetic core or reinforcement added to other materials. The scope of applications is limited due to the small thickness in the region of only tens of microns. The research effort in the past two decades, mainly pioneered by a Japanese- and a US-group of scientists, has substantially relaxed this size constrain. Some bulk metallic glasses can have tensile strength up to 3000 MPa with good corrosion resistance, reasonable toughness, low internal friction and good processability. Bulk metallic glasses are now being used in consumer electronic industries, sporting goods industries, etc. In this paper, the authors reviewed the recent development of new alloy systems of bulk metallic glasses. The properties and processing technologies relevant to the industrial applications of these alloys are also discussed here. The behaviors of bulk metallic glasses under extreme conditions such as high pressure and low temperature are especially addressed in this review. In order that the scope of applications can be broadened, the understanding of the glass-forming criteria is important for the design of new alloy systems and also the processing techniques.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined the relationship between green supply chain management (GSCM) practices and environmental and economic performance in Chinese manufacturing enterprises, and investigated how two primary types of management operations philosophies, quality management and just-in-time (or lean) manufacturing principles, influence the relationships between GSCM practices and performance.
Abstract: Globalization results in both pressure and drivers for Chinese enterprises to improve their environmental performance. As a developing country, China has to balance economic and environmental performance. Green supply chain management (GSCM) is emerging to be an important approach for Chinese enterprises to improve performance, possibly on both these dimensions. Using empirical results from 186 respondents on GSCM practice in Chinese manufacturing enterprises, we examine the relationships between GSCM practice and environmental and economic performance. Using moderated hierarchical regression analysis, we evaluate the general relationships between specific GSCM practices and performance. We then investigate how two primary types of management operations philosophies, quality management and just-in-time (or lean) manufacturing principles, influence the relationship between GSCM practices and performance. Significant findings were determined for a number of relationships. Managerial implications are also identified.
TL;DR: A new approach to structural topology optimization that represents the structural boundary by a level set model that is embedded in a scalar function of a higher dimension that demonstrates outstanding flexibility of handling topological changes, fidelity of boundary representation and degree of automation.
Abstract: This paper presents a new approach to structural topology optimization. We represent the structural boundary by a level set model that is embedded in a scalar function of a higher dimension. Such level set models are flexible in handling complex topological changes and are concise in describing the boundary shape of the structure. Furthermore, a well-founded mathematical procedure leads to a numerical algorithm that describes a structural optimization as a sequence of motions of the implicit boundaries converging to an optimum solution and satisfying specified constraints. The result is a 3D topology optimization technique that demonstrates outstanding flexibility of handling topological changes, fidelity of boundary representation and degree of automation. We have implemented the algorithm with the use of several robust and efficient numerical techniques of level set methods. The benefit and the advantages of the proposed method are illustrated with several 2D examples that are widely used in the recent literature of topology optimization, especially in the homogenization based methods.
••23 Jun 2013
TL;DR: This work considers both foreground and background cues in a different way and ranks the similarity of the image elements with foreground cues or background cues via graph-based manifold ranking, defined based on their relevances to the given seeds or queries.
Abstract: Most existing bottom-up methods measure the foreground saliency of a pixel or region based on its contrast within a local context or the entire image, whereas a few methods focus on segmenting out background regions and thereby salient objects Instead of considering the contrast between the salient objects and their surrounding regions, we consider both foreground and background cues in a different way We rank the similarity of the image elements (pixels or regions) with foreground cues or background cues via graph-based manifold ranking The saliency of the image elements is defined based on their relevances to the given seeds or queries We represent the image as a close-loop graph with super pixels as nodes These nodes are ranked based on the similarity to background and foreground queries, based on affinity matrices Saliency detection is carried out in a two-stage scheme to extract background regions and foreground salient objects efficiently Experimental results on two large benchmark databases demonstrate the proposed method performs well when against the state-of-the-art methods in terms of accuracy and speed We also create a more difficult benchmark database containing 5,172 images to test the proposed saliency model and make this database publicly available with this paper for further studies in the saliency field
01 Apr 2009-Water Research
TL;DR: The fouling behaviour, fouling factors and fouling control strategies were discussed, and recent developments in membrane materials including low-cost filters, membrane modification and dynamic membranes were reviewed.
Abstract: Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) have been actively employed for municipal and industrial wastewater treatments. So far, membrane fouling and the high cost of membranes are main obstacles for wider application of MBRs. Over the past few years, considerable investigations have been performed to understand MBR fouling in detail and to develop high-flux or low-cost membranes. This review attempted to address the recent and current developments in MBRs on the basis of reported literature in order to provide more detailed information about MBRs. In this paper, the fouling behaviour, fouling factors and fouling control strategies were discussed. Recent developments in membrane materials including low-cost filters, membrane modification and dynamic membranes were also reviewed. Lastly, the future trends in membrane fouling research and membrane material development in the coming years were addressed.
Showing all 60890 results
|Michael I. Posner||134||414||104201|
|Anthony G. Fane||112||565||40904|
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