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Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan

EducationDnipro, Ukraine
About: Dnipropetrovsk National University of Railway Transport named after Academician V. Lazaryan is a(n) education organization based out in Dnipro, Ukraine. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Track (rail transport) & Bogie. The organization has 736 authors who have published 655 publication(s) receiving 1468 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Institute of Railway Transport Engineers.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In most cases, dynamic characteristics determine the wagon maintenance cycle, traffic safety, reliability and durability performance. The main dynamic indicators include the vertical Kvd and horizontal Khd dynamic coefficients as well as the stability coefficient Ks, which determines the wheel flange resistance to derailment. The article compares dynamic indications for three different types of bogies. There were no tangible differences observed for all the three different types of bogies running at a speed of 40 to 120 km/h on a direct tangent rail section. Nevertheless, there is a realistic potential to improve the dynamic indicators of a freight wagon by rationalising suspension unit parameters.

34 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Effect of pulsed electrodepostion on the nanocrystal size, composition, hardness, coefficient of friction and wear resistance was investigated for the Cr–C electrodeposits obtained from a trivalent chromium bath. The electrodeposits were shown to contain about 9% of carbon. Pulsed electrodeposition does not virtually affect the carbon content. At the same time, an increase in the off time duration leads to a decrease in the nanocrystals size. The hardness and wear parameters of the electrodeposits may be sufficiently improved when using pulsed current. For instance, at ton = toff = 1 s, the hardness reaches the values of ~ 1200 ÷ 1300 HV (meanwhile, it is close to 850 ÷ 950 HV at a steady-state electrolysis).

27 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Purpose. The paper highlights the d evelopment of numerical models for prediction of atmospheric pollution in case of burning of the solid rocket propellant in a railway car, situated near the building on railway territory. These models can be used in predicting the effectiveness of neutralization upon the atmosphere protection for this type of accidents. Methodology. To solve this problem the numerical models based on the use of Navier-Stokes equations, to determine the velocity field of the wind flow near cars and buildings, and contaminants-transfer equations in the atmosphere were developed. For the numerical integration of pollutant transport equation was used implicit «change – triangle» difference scheme. When constructing a difference scheme physical and geometric cleavage of the transfer equation is carried out in four steps. Unknown value of pollutant concentration at each step of cleavage is determined by the explicit scheme – the method of «point-to-point computation». For the numerical integration of the Navier-Stokes equations are used implicit difference schemes. When carrying out computing experiment also takes into account: the velocity profile of wind flow; interaction between the building and the wind flow and flame jet of solid rocket propellant; the presence of a railroad car; inside which there is a source of pollution; instability of pollutant emissions. On the basis of constructed numerical models was performed the computer experiment for assessing the level of air pollution at dangerous cargo rail transportation in case of emergency at railway territory.The application calculations for the timely combustion products neutralization of solid rocket propellant were carried out. Findings. The numerical models that let promptly calculate air contamination in case of emergency during solid rocket propellant transportation, as well as calculate the rational parameters of pollutant neutralization process were developed by the researcher. These models can be used for routine calculations of various accident scenarios simulation. Originality. Numerical models were developed; they take into account significant factors, influencing the pollutant dispersion process in the atmosphere. On their base a pollutant neutralization method was offered in emergency situations on the railway transport. Practical value. Efficient numerical models, so called «diagnostic models» were considered for the rapid calculation of the air pollution level and air protection technology in emergency situations, in particular, in the case of railway transportation the solid rocket propellant.

22 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
21 Mar 2016
Abstract: When calculating the railway track stress-strain state one usually assumes that total strains are brought immediately from applied load and the process dynamics is taken into account by the respective levels of design force. The dynamic component of the design force depends on various factors that are not always taken into account to the full. The analytical analysis of the calculation methods and the experiment testing data resulted in the following recommendations: for freight trains, especially in the conditions of soft rail support, it is advisable to take into account the effect of adjacent wheels; for modern passenger cars there is no significant load dependence on speed, and the main factor of dynamic component is the track fluctuations.

17 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
01 Aug 2018
TL;DR: An evolved model for distribution of the traction current harmonics in rails from several trains based on distance from electrical supply substation, the rail-to-earth conductance, and the number of trains in the feeder zone is considered.
Abstract: The problem of determination of the traction current harmonics distribution in rails generated by several trains that operated in AC feeder zone is considered. The investigations were caused by necessity to ensure electromagnetic compatibility of the new types of rolling stock equipped with electronic static converters with track circuits that are used in train movement control systems for detection of their positions. The great diversity of rolling stock, power supply and return current systems, and train detection systems installed in European countries leads to consideration of the electromagnetic compatibility problem taking into account the specific railway systems used in the each country. Investigation of the electromagnetic compatibility between different railway subsystems requires the use of simulation programs that help to reveal most critical conditions for electromagnetic compatibility at an early stage and also makes it possible to estimate electromagnetic interference from rolling stock in rails under the worst-case conditions, realization of which in the operating systems will require a lot of time and cost. This work consider evolved model for distribution of the traction current harmonics in rails from several trains. To illustrate the application of the considered model, the distribution of the traction current harmonics in rails was computed for25 kV AC direct feeding network depending on distance from electrical supply substation, the rail-to-earth conductance, and the number of trains in the feeder zone. The results of modeling of the harmonics distribution are in satisfactory agreement with the experimental data.

17 citations

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