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Erasmus University Rotterdam

EducationRotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
About: Erasmus University Rotterdam is a education organization based out in Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Transplantation. The organization has 35466 authors who have published 91288 publications receiving 4510972 citations. The organization is also known as: EUR.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The addition of temozolomide to radiotherapy for newly diagnosed glioblastoma resulted in a clinically meaningful and statistically significant survival benefit with minimal additional toxicity.
Abstract: methods Patients with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed glioblastoma were randomly assigned to receive radiotherapy alone (fractionated focal irradiation in daily fractions of 2 Gy given 5 days per week for 6 weeks, for a total of 60 Gy) or radiotherapy plus continuous daily temozolomide (75 mg per square meter of body-surface area per day, 7 days per week from the first to the last day of radiotherapy), followed by six cycles of adjuvant temozolomide (150 to 200 mg per square meter for 5 days during each 28-day cycle). The primary end point was overall survival. results A total of 573 patients from 85 centers underwent randomization. The median age was 56 years, and 84 percent of patients had undergone debulking surgery. At a median follow-up of 28 months, the median survival was 14.6 months with radiotherapy plus temozolomide and 12.1 months with radiotherapy alone. The unadjusted hazard ratio for death in the radiotherapy-plus-temozolomide group was 0.63 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.52 to 0.75; P<0.001 by the log-rank test). The two-year survival rate was 26.5 percent with radiotherapy plus temozolomide and 10.4 percent with radiotherapy alone. Concomitant treatment with radiotherapy plus temozolomide resulted in grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxic effects in 7 percent of patients.

16,653 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Rafael Lozano1, Mohsen Naghavi1, Kyle J Foreman2, Stephen S Lim1  +192 moreInstitutions (95)
TL;DR: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 aimed to estimate annual deaths for the world and 21 regions between 1980 and 2010 for 235 causes, with uncertainty intervals (UIs), separately by age and sex, using the Cause of Death Ensemble model.

11,809 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016.

10,401 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Ludmil B. Alexandrov1, Serena Nik-Zainal2, Serena Nik-Zainal3, David C. Wedge1, Samuel Aparicio4, Sam Behjati1, Sam Behjati5, Andrew V. Biankin, Graham R. Bignell1, Niccolo Bolli1, Niccolo Bolli5, Åke Borg3, Anne Lise Børresen-Dale6, Anne Lise Børresen-Dale7, Sandrine Boyault8, Birgit Burkhardt8, Adam Butler1, Carlos Caldas9, Helen Davies1, Christine Desmedt, Roland Eils5, Jorunn E. Eyfjord10, John A. Foekens11, Mel Greaves12, Fumie Hosoda13, Barbara Hutter5, Tomislav Ilicic1, Sandrine Imbeaud14, Sandrine Imbeaud15, Marcin Imielinsk15, Natalie Jäger5, David T. W. Jones16, David T. Jones1, Stian Knappskog17, Stian Knappskog11, Marcel Kool11, Sunil R. Lakhani18, Carlos López-Otín18, Sancha Martin1, Nikhil C. Munshi19, Nikhil C. Munshi20, Hiromi Nakamura13, Paul A. Northcott16, Marina Pajic21, Elli Papaemmanuil1, Angelo Paradiso22, John V. Pearson23, Xose S. Puente18, Keiran Raine1, Manasa Ramakrishna1, Andrea L. Richardson20, Andrea L. Richardson22, Julia Richter22, Philip Rosenstiel22, Matthias Schlesner5, Ton N. Schumacher24, Paul N. Span25, Jon W. Teague1, Yasushi Totoki13, Andrew Tutt24, Rafael Valdés-Mas18, Marit M. van Buuren25, Laura van ’t Veer26, Anne Vincent-Salomon27, Nicola Waddell23, Lucy R. Yates1, Icgc PedBrain24, Jessica Zucman-Rossi15, Jessica Zucman-Rossi14, P. Andrew Futreal1, Ultan McDermott1, Peter Lichter24, Matthew Meyerson15, Matthew Meyerson20, Sean M. Grimmond23, Reiner Siebert22, Elias Campo28, Tatsuhiro Shibata13, Stefan M. Pfister16, Stefan M. Pfister11, Peter J. Campbell29, Peter J. Campbell30, Peter J. Campbell2, Michael R. Stratton31, Michael R. Stratton2 
22 Aug 2013-Nature
TL;DR: It is shown that hypermutation localized to small genomic regions, ‘kataegis’, is found in many cancer types, and this results reveal the diversity of mutational processes underlying the development of cancer.
Abstract: All cancers are caused by somatic mutations; however, understanding of the biological processes generating these mutations is limited. The catalogue of somatic mutations from a cancer genome bears the signatures of the mutational processes that have been operative. Here we analysed 4,938,362 mutations from 7,042 cancers and extracted more than 20 distinct mutational signatures. Some are present in many cancer types, notably a signature attributed to the APOBEC family of cytidine deaminases, whereas others are confined to a single cancer class. Certain signatures are associated with age of the patient at cancer diagnosis, known mutagenic exposures or defects in DNA maintenance, but many are of cryptic origin. In addition to these genome-wide mutational signatures, hypermutation localized to small genomic regions, 'kataegis', is found in many cancer types. The results reveal the diversity of mutational processes underlying the development of cancer, with potential implications for understanding of cancer aetiology, prevention and therapy.

7,904 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: VOSviewer’s ability to handle large maps is demonstrated by using the program to construct and display a co-citation map of 5,000 major scientific journals.
Abstract: We present VOSviewer, a freely available computer program that we have developed for constructing and viewing bibliometric maps. Unlike most computer programs that are used for bibliometric mapping, VOSviewer pays special attention to the graphical representation of bibliometric maps. The functionality of VOSviewer is especially useful for displaying large bibliometric maps in an easy-to-interpret way. The paper consists of three parts. In the first part, an overview of VOSviewer’s functionality for displaying bibliometric maps is provided. In the second part, the technical implementation of specific parts of the program is discussed. Finally, in the third part, VOSviewer’s ability to handle large maps is demonstrated by using the program to construct and display a co-citation map of 5,000 major scientific journals.

7,719 citations


Showing all 35695 results

Walter C. Willett3342399413322
Meir J. Stampfer2771414283776
Albert Hofman2672530321405
Graham A. Colditz2611542256034
Paul M. Ridker2331242245097
Ralph B. D'Agostino2261287229636
John Q. Trojanowski2261467213948
David J. Hunter2131836207050
André G. Uitterlinden1991229156747
Robert M. Califf1961561167961
Eric J. Topol1931373151025
Frank E. Speizer193636135891
Bernard Rosner1901162147661
William B. Kannel188533175659
Patrick W. Serruys1862427173210
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