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Institution

Geophysical Survey

FacilityObninsk, Russia
About: Geophysical Survey is a(n) facility organization based out in Obninsk, Russia. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Fault (geology) & Volcano. The organization has 308 authors who have published 256 publication(s) receiving 3067 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Federal State Institution of Science Geophysical Survey of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: SUMMARY A 3-D ray-tracing technique was used in a global tomographic inversion in order to obtaintomographicimagesoftheNorthPacific.ThedatareportedbytheGeophysical SurveyofRussia(1955‐1997)wereusedtogetherwiththecataloguesoftheInternational SeismologicalCenter(1964‐1991)andtheUSGeologicalSurveyNationalEarthquake Information Center (1991‐1998), and the recompiled catalogue was reprocessed. The final data set, used for following the inversion, contained 523430 summary ray paths. The whole of the Earth’s mantle was parametrized by cells of 2°◊2° and 19 layers. The large and sparse system of observation equations was solved using an iterative LSQR algorithm. Asubhorizontalhigh-velocityanomalyisrevealedjustabovethe660kmdiscontinuity beneaththeAleutiansubductionzone.Thishigh-velocityfeatureisobservedatlatitudes of up to~70°N and is interpreted as a remnant of the subducted Kula plate, which disappeared through ridge subduction at about 48Ma. A further positive velocity perturbation feature can be identified beneath the Chukotka peninsula and Okhotsk Sea, extending from~300 to~660km depth and then either extending further down to~800km (Chukotka) or deflecting along the 660km discontinuity (Okhotsk Sea). This high-velocity anomaly is interpreted as a remnant slab of the Okhotsk plate accreted to Siberia at~55Ma.

89 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We present the results of time-dependent local earthquake tomography for the Kluchevskoy group of volcanoes in Kamchatka, Russia. We consider the time period from 1999 to 2009, which covers several stages of activity of Kluchevskoy and Bezymianny volcanoes. The results are supported by synthetic tests that recover a common 3D model based on data corresponding to different time windows. Throughout the period, we observe a robust feature below 25 km depth with anomalously high V p / V s values (up to 2.2). We interpret this feature as a channel bringing deep mantle materials with high fluid and melt content to the bottom of the crust. This mantle channel directly or indirectly determines the activity of all volcanoes of the Kluchevskoy group. In the crust, we model complex structure that varies over time. During the pre-eruptive period, we detected two levels of potential magma storage: one in the middle crust at 10–12 km depth and one close to the surface just below Kluchevskoy volcano. In 2005, a year of powerful eruptions of Kluchevskoy and Besymiyanny volcanoes, we observe a general increase in V p / V s throughout the crust. In the relaxation period following the eruption, the V p / V s values are generally low, and no strong anomalous zones in the crust are observed. We propose that very rapid variations in V p / V s are most likely due to abrupt changes in the stress and deformation states, which cause fracturing and the active transport of fluids. These fluids drive more fracturing in a positive feedback system that ultimately leads to eruption. We envision the magma reservoirs beneath the Kluchevskoy group as sponge-structured volumes that may quickly change the content of the molten phases as fluids pulse rapidly through the system.

88 citations


Patent
Morey R1
03 Jan 1972
Abstract: A geophysical survey system is disclosed for determining the character of the subterrain by analysis of reflections from electromagnetic pulses radiated into the ground. The system repetitively radiates into the ground a short duration electromagnetic pulse having a rise time in the order of 1 nanosecond. The antenna which radiates the pulse into the ground is employed to receive the reflections of the pulse. The received signals are coupled through a transmit-receive network to a receiver which permits the input signal waveform to be reconstructed from a sequence of samples taken by the receiver. The system is capable of generating a profile chart indicating the magnitudes of the reflected signals and the depths at which the reflections occurred.

87 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Slovenia with its neighbouring areas lies at the junction of the Alps, the Dinarides and the Pannonian basin. These belong to the three plates: Europe, Adria and Tisza. On the Slovenian territory itself converge the External Dinarides NW-SE oriented right lateral strike-slip faults, the Transdanubian Range NE-SW oriented left lateral strike-slip faults, and the Southern Alps E-W oriented thrusts. The direction of the principal stress σ1, (azimuth = 6°, dip = 8°) is determined under the assumption of uniform stress throughout the region. Dip of the least principal stress σ3 of 5° is consistent with the regional strike-slip regime. Listed structures form a pure shear structural mechanism on a regional scale.

74 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We study the 1998 Bovec-Krn mountain (Slovenia) earthquake sequence by combining hypocenters relocation, strong motion inversion, digital elevation modelling and field geology. The main shock (Ms=5.7), a 12 km right lateral strike-slip event on the Dinaric fault system, occurred on a sub-vertical fault plane. The rupture, confined between 3 and 9 km depth, with no evidence of surface faulting, propagated bilaterally within two structural barriers. The northwestern barrier is at the junction between Dinaric and Alpine structures where there is a sharp change in the geometry of faulting. The southeastern barrier is within the Dinaric system and its surface expression corresponds to the Tolminka-spring perched basin, a 1 km restraining step-over. At this site, the Bovec-Krn earthquake-fault overlaps with a 30 km strike-slip fault segment that is free of aftershocks and could be undergoing an increase of stress. This fault system represents the northern branch of the Idrija right-lateral fault.

69 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202119
20209
201916
201810
201717
201610