About: Hitec is a based out in . It is known for research contribution in the topics: Health care & Casing. The organization has 272 authors who have published 300 publications receiving 4573 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: This paper proposes protocols, as components of a framework, for the identification and local containment of misbehaving or faulty nodes, and then for their eviction from the system, and shows that the distributed approach to contain nodes and contribute to their eviction is efficiently feasible and achieves a sufficient level of robustness.
Abstract: Vehicular networks (VNs) are emerging, among civilian applications, as a convincing instantiation of the mobile networking technology. However, security is a critical factor and a significant challenge to be met. Misbehaving or faulty network nodes have to be detected and prevented from disrupting network operation, a problem particularly hard to address in the life-critical VN environment. Existing networks rely mainly on node certificate revocation for attacker eviction, but the lack of an omnipresent infrastructure in VNs may unacceptably delay the retrieval of the most recent and relevant revocation information; this will especially be the case in the early deployment stages of such a highly volatile and large-scale system. In this paper, we address this specific problem. We propose protocols, as components of a framework, for the identification and local containment of misbehaving or faulty nodes, and then for their eviction from the system. We tailor our design to the VN characteristics and analyze our system. Our results show that the distributed approach to contain nodes and contribute to their eviction is efficiently feasible and achieves a sufficient level of robustness.
TL;DR: In this article, aerial parts of the plant were extracted with petroleum ether, chloroform, methanol and water successively, and isolated compounds were screened for their antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities using DPPH radical-scavenging, beta-carotene/linoleic acid and ammonium thiocyanate methods.
Abstract: Teucrium polium L. (Lamiaceae) aerial parts are used widely in the daily diet and for medicinal purposes. This plant is used also as a spice and refreshing beverage. Phytochemical and bioactivity studies of this plant have been carried out. Aerial parts of the plant were extracted with petroleum ether, chloroform, methanol and water successively. Fractionation of the methanol extract yielded four major flavonoids. The crude extracts and isolated compounds were screened for their antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities using DPPH radical-scavenging, beta-carotene/linoleic acid and ammonium thiocyanate methods. Methanol extract, rutin and apigenin were found to be the most active fractions as radical-scavengers with IC 50 values of 20.1 ± 1.7, 23.7 ± 1.9 and 30.3 ± 2.1 μg/ml, respectively. The samples with the highest inhibition of oxidation of beta-carotene and lipid peroxidation in ammonium thiocyanate methods were also found to be methanol extract, rutin and apigenin. Methoxylated flavonoids exhibited a lesser antioxidant activity.
TL;DR: Reducing within-patient repeats may be a promising target for reducing alert overrides and alert fatigue as clinicians became less likely to accept alerts as they received more of them, particularly more repeated alerts.
Abstract: Although alert fatigue is blamed for high override rates in contemporary clinical decision support systems, the concept of alert fatigue is poorly defined. We tested hypotheses arising from two possible alert fatigue mechanisms: (A) cognitive overload associated with amount of work, complexity of work, and effort distinguishing informative from uninformative alerts, and (B) desensitization from repeated exposure to the same alert over time. Retrospective cohort study using electronic health record data (both drug alerts and clinical practice reminders) from January 2010 through June 2013 from 112 ambulatory primary care clinicians. The cognitive overload hypotheses were that alert acceptance would be lower with higher workload (number of encounters, number of patients), higher work complexity (patient comorbidity, alerts per encounter), and more alerts low in informational value (repeated alerts for the same patient in the same year). The desensitization hypothesis was that, for newly deployed alerts, acceptance rates would decline after an initial peak. On average, one-quarter of drug alerts received by a primary care clinician, and one-third of clinical reminders, were repeats for the same patient within the same year. Alert acceptance was associated with work complexity and repeated alerts, but not with the amount of work. Likelihood of reminder acceptance dropped by 30% for each additional reminder received per encounter, and by 10% for each five percentage point increase in proportion of repeated reminders. The newly deployed reminders did not show a pattern of declining response rates over time, which would have been consistent with desensitization. Interestingly, nurse practitioners were 4 times as likely to accept drug alerts as physicians. Clinicians became less likely to accept alerts as they received more of them, particularly more repeated alerts. There was no evidence of an effect of workload per se, or of desensitization over time for a newly deployed alert. Reducing within-patient repeats may be a promising target for reducing alert overrides and alert fatigue.
TL;DR: An extension of the OTR-Device, termed respiration activity monitoring system (RAMOS) is described, which allows additional measurement of the carbon dioxide transfer rate and the respiratory quotient in shaking bioreactors.
Abstract: Online measurement of respiration activity (including oxygen transfer rate (OTR), carbon dioxide transfer rate (CTR), respiratory quotient (RQ)) of microbial cultures in stirred bioreactors with exhaust gas analysis has been state of the art for years. As much more experiments are conducted in shaking bioreactors compared to stirred bioreactors, Anderlei and Buchs [Biochem. Eng. J. 7 (2001) 157] developed a measuring device (OTR-Device) for online determination of the oxygen transfer rate in shake flasks under sterile conditions. In this paper, an extension of the OTR-Device, termed respiration activity monitoring system (RAMOS) is described, which allows additional measurement of the carbon dioxide transfer rate and the respiratory quotient in shaking bioreactors. Fermentations of the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pichia stipitis carried out with RAMOS are presented. These measurements show very clearly the differences in respiration activities between the Crabtree-positive yeast S. cerevisiae and the Crabtree-negative yeast P. stipitis . Furthermore, a fermentation of the bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum is presented, showing the influence of an oxygen limitation on the metabolic activities of the culture. Also, a fermentation of a hybridoma cell line was carried out with RAMOS to elucidate the measuring sensitivity of the system. The new device provides the most important and characteristic parameters (OTR, CTR, RQ) representing biological cultures online, enabling users to draw conclusions on metabolisms of microorganisms already in shaking bioreactors.
TL;DR: The preliminary findings suggest that stand-alone e-prescribing with clinical decision support may significantly improve ambulatory medication safety, and Rescribing errors may occur much more frequently in community-based practices than previously reported.
Abstract: BACKGROUND Although electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) holds promise for preventing prescription errors in the ambulatory setting, research on its effectiveness is inconclusive.
Showing all 272 results
|Muhammad Attique Khan||36||208||3453|
|Joshua R. Vest||30||119||3635|
|Jessica S. Ancker||29||122||3731|
|Lisa M. Kern||28||98||2606|
|Erika L. Abramson||23||89||1846|
|Elizabeth R. Pfoh||18||70||2390|
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