scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
Institution

Illinois College

EducationJacksonville, Illinois, United States
About: Illinois College is a education organization based out in Jacksonville, Illinois, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Medicine & Population. The organization has 480 authors who have published 994 publications receiving 38302 citations.


Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the validity and reliability of an instrument designed to measure quality of life for both healthy subjects and dialysis patients were evaluated with a qualitative questionnaire and test-retest correlations of 0.87 (graduate students) and 0.65 (dialysis patients) supported criterion-related validity.
Abstract: The purpose of the study on which this article is based was to assess the validity and reliability of an instrument designed to measure quality of life. Sixty-four items applicable to both healthy subjects and dialysis patients were tested with graduate students (n = 88); six items relative to dialysis were added, and the instrument was administered to dialysis patients (n = 37). Items were based on literature review, which supported content validity. Correlations between the instrument and an overall satisfaction with life question of 0.75 (graduate students) and 0.65 (dialysis patients) supported criterion-related validity. Support for reliability was provided by test-retest correlations of 0.87 (graduate students) and 0.81 (dialysis patients) and Cronbach's alphas of 0.93 (graduate students) and 0.90 (dialysis patients).

980 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a critical review and synthesis of the research on the association between student-faculty informal, nonclass contact and various outcomes of college is presented, and a conceptual model to guide future inquiry in the area is offered and discussed briefly.
Abstract: This paper is a critical review and synthesis of the research on the association between student-faculty informal, nonclass contact and various outcomes of college. Relevant investigations are summarized according to sample characteristics, independent and dependent variables, statistical or design controls, and findings. A synthesis of the results indicates that, with the influence of student preenrollment traits held constant, significant positive associations exist between extent and quality of student-faculty informal contact and students’ educational aspirations, their attitudes toward college, their academic achievement, intellectual and personal development, and their institutional persistence. Methodological problems and issues in the existing body of evidence are discussed, and directions for future research are suggested. A conceptual model to guide future inquiry in the area is offered and discussed briefly.

901 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Reciprocal teaching as discussed by the authors is an instructional procedure designed to teach students cognitive strategies that might lead to improved reading comprehension, such as summarization, question generation, clarification, and prediction, supported through dialogue between teacher and students as they attempt to gain meaning from text.
Abstract: Reciprocal teaching is an instructional procedure designed to teach students cognitive strategies that might lead to improved reading comprehension. The learning of cognitive strategies such as summarization, question generation, clarification, and prediction is supported through dialogue between teacher and students as they attempt to gain meaning from text. This article is a review of sixteen studies on reciprocal teaching, which include published studies found in journal articles and unpublished studies indexed in Dissertation Abstracts International. All the studies included in this review were quantitative in methodology. When standardized tests were used to assess comprehension, the median effect size, favoring reciprocal teaching, was .32. When experimenter-developed comprehension tests were used, the median effect size was .88. We also discuss the role of cognitive strategies in enhancing comprehension, the strategies that were most helpful, instructional approaches for teaching cognitive strategi...

802 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Two neural mechanisms are described which exhibit recognition of forms which are independent of small perturbations at synapses of excitation, threshold, and synchrony, and are referred to partiular appropriate regions of the nervous system, thus suggesting experimental verification.

753 citations


Authors

Showing all 518 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Stephen A. Boppart9063131497
Bruce P. Hermann8945825714
Ernest T. Pascarella8225034051
Neal J. Cohen7321829871
Herbert J. Walberg7137421712
Rashid Bashir7147220140
Wilfred A. van der Donk7134319856
Richard B. van Breemen6736214444
David M. Kranz6425617078
Martin Gruebele6231914009
James H. Morrissey6226118947
William P. King5944714694
Andrew D. Mesecar5717311214
Robert L. Linn5222413447
William D. O'Brien5240011074
Network Information
Related Institutions (5)
University of Minnesota
257.9K papers, 11.9M citations

85% related

University of Wisconsin-Madison
237.5K papers, 11.8M citations

84% related

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
185.3K papers, 9.9M citations

84% related

University of Pittsburgh
201K papers, 9.6M citations

84% related

Northwestern University
188.8K papers, 9.4M citations

83% related

Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
20239
202250
202152
202041
201951
201845