Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science
About: Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science is a(n) education organization based out in Kolkata, India. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Excited state & Catalysis. The organization has 3867 authors who have published 10457 publication(s) receiving 220098 citation(s).
Topics: Excited state, Catalysis, Thin film, Ligand, Band gap
Papers published on a yearly basis
15 Aug 2011-Reviews of Modern Physics
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors give an overview of recent theoretical and experimental progress in the area of nonequilibrium dynamics of isolated quantum systems, particularly focusing on quantum quenches: the temporal evolution following a sudden or slow change of the coupling constants of the system Hamiltonian.
Abstract: This Colloquium gives an overview of recent theoretical and experimental progress in the area of nonequilibrium dynamics of isolated quantum systems There is particularly a focus on quantum quenches: the temporal evolution following a sudden or slow change of the coupling constants of the system Hamiltonian Several aspects of the slow dynamics in driven systems are discussed and the universality of such dynamics in gapless systems with specific focus on dynamics near continuous quantum phase transitions is emphasized Recent progress on understanding thermalization in closed systems through the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis is also reviewed and relaxation in integrable systems is discussed Finally key experiments probing quantum dynamics in cold atom systems are overviewed and put into the context of our current theoretical understanding
TL;DR: In this article, a review focusing on the out-of-the-box synthetic techniques capable of deriving hierarchical porous carbons (HPCs) with superior application profiles is presented.
Abstract: Hierarchically porous carbons (HPCs) with 1D to 3D network are attracting vast interest due to their potential technological application profile ranging from electrochemical capacitors, lithium ion batteries, solar cells, hydrogen storage systems, photonic material, fuel cells, sorbent for toxic gas separation and so on. Natural raw-materials such as biomass-biopolymer derived hierarchical nanostructured carbons are especially attractive for their uniform pore dimensions which can be adjustable over a wide range of length scales. Good electrical conductivity, high surface area, and excellent chemical stability are unique physicochemical properties which are responsible for micro/nanostructured porous carbon to be highly trusted candidate for emerging nanotechnologies. This review focuses on the ‘out-of-the-box’ synthetic techniques capable of deriving HPC with superior application profiles. The article presents the promising scope of accessing HPCs from (1) hard-templating, soft-templating, and non-templating routes, (2) biopolymers with a major focus on non-templating strategies. Subsequently, emerging strategies of hetero-atom doping in porous carbon nanostructures are discussed. The review will highlight the contribution of synergistic effect of macro–meso–micropores on a range of emerging applications such as CO2 capture, carbon photonic crystal sensors, Li–S batteries, and supercapacitor. Mechanism of ion transport and buffering, electrical double layer enhancement have been discussed in the context of pore structure and shapes. We will also show the differences of HPC and ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) in terms of their synthesis strategies and choices of template for self-assembly. How the remarkable mechanical strength of the HPCs can be achieved by selecting self-assembling template, whereas collapse of mesostructure via decomposition of framework occurs due to poor thermal stability or high N-content of the carbon source will be discussed.
TL;DR: Nitric acid oxidation induces nitrogen and oxygen incorporation into soot particles, which afforded water solubility and a light-emitting property; the isolation of small particles from a mixture of different sized particles improved the fluorescence quantum yield.
Abstract: Fluorescent carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) 2−6 nm in size with a quantum yield of about ∼3% were synthesized via nitric acid oxidation of carbon soot, and this approach can be used for milligram-scale synthesis of these water-soluble particles. These CNPs are nanocrystalline with a predominantly graphitic structure and show green fluorescence under UV exposure. Nitric acid oxidation induces nitrogen and oxygen incorporation into soot particles, which afforded water solubility and a light-emitting property; the isolation of small particles from a mixture of different sized particles improved the fluorescence quantum yield. These CNPs show encouraging cell-imaging applications. They enter into cells without any further functionalization, and the fluorescence property of these particles can be used for fluorescence-based cell imaging applications.
12 May 2000-Chemical Reviews
01 Dec 2008-Chemical Society Reviews
TL;DR: This tutorial review aims at highlighting some of the developments covering both molecular and crystal engineering approaches in designing LMOGs, especially low molecular mass organic gelators, not only for academic interests but also for their potential applications in materials science.
Abstract: The last two decades have witnessed an upsurge of research activities in the area of supramolecular gelators, especially low molecular mass organic gelators (LMOGs), not only for academic interests but also for their potential applications in materials science. However, most of the gelators are serendipitously obtained; their rational design and synthesis is still a major challenge. Wide structural diversities of the molecules known to act as LMOGs and a dearth of molecular level understanding of gelation mechanisms make it difficult to pin-point a particular strategy to achieve rational design of gelators. Nevertheless, some efforts are being made to achieve this goal. Once a gelling agent is serendipitously obtained, new gelling agents with novel properties may be prepared by modifying the parent gelator molecule following a molecular engineering rationale; however, such approach is limited to the same class of gelling agent generated from the parent gelating scaffold. A crystal engineering approach wherein the single-crystal structure of a molecule is correlated with its gelling/nongelling behaviour (structure–property correlation) allows molecular level understandings of the self-assembly of the gelator and nongelator molecules and therefore, provides new insights into the design aspects of supramolecular gelling agents. This tutorial review aims at highlighting some of the developments covering both molecular and crystal engineering approaches in designing LMOGs.
Showing all 3867 results
|Rajdeep Mohan Chatterjee||110||990||51407|
|Kwang S. Kim||97||642||62053|
|Amar K. Mohanty||81||538||31856|
|Nigel D. Browning||81||646||23621|
|Yuan Ping Feng||77||650||25846|
|D. D. Sarma||70||521||18082|
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