About: Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research is a facility organization based out in Kālpākkam, India. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Austenitic stainless steel & Creep. The organization has 3938 authors who have published 7171 publications receiving 102648 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
Massachusetts Institute of Technology1, Illinois Institute of Technology2, Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering3, Kent State University4, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute5, Texas A&M University6, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology7, Tokyo Institute of Technology8, University of Naples Federico II9, Sasol10, University of Leeds11, University of Pittsburgh12, Indian Institute of Technology Madras13, Université libre de Bruxelles14, Silesian University of Technology15, North Carolina State University16, IBM17, ETH Zurich18, The Chinese University of Hong Kong19, Stanford University20, University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez21, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology22, Korea Aerospace University23, Nanyang Technological University24, Helmut Schmidt University25, National Institute of Standards and Technology26, Korea University27, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur28, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research29, Queen Mary University of London30, Argonne National Laboratory31
TL;DR: The International Nanofluid Property Benchmark Exercise (INPBE) as mentioned in this paper was held in 1998, where the thermal conductivity of identical samples of colloidally stable dispersions of nanoparticles or "nanofluids" was measured by over 30 organizations worldwide, using a variety of experimental approaches, including the transient hot wire method, steady state methods, and optical methods.
Abstract: This article reports on the International Nanofluid Property Benchmark Exercise, or INPBE, in which the thermal conductivity of identical samples of colloidally stable dispersions of nanoparticles or “nanofluids,” was measured by over 30 organizations worldwide, using a variety of experimental approaches, including the transient hot wire method, steady-state methods, and optical methods. The nanofluids tested in the exercise were comprised of aqueous and nonaqueous basefluids, metal and metal oxide particles, near-spherical and elongated particles, at low and high particle concentrations. The data analysis reveals that the data from most organizations lie within a relatively narrow band (±10% or less) about the sample average with only few outliers. The thermal conductivity of the nanofluids was found to increase with particle concentration and aspect ratio, as expected from classical theory. There are (small) systematic differences in the absolute values of the nanofluid thermal conductivity among the various experimental approaches; however, such differences tend to disappear when the data are normalized to the measured thermal conductivity of the basefluid. The effective medium theory developed for dispersed particles by Maxwell in 1881 and recently generalized by Nan et al. [J. Appl. Phys. 81, 6692 (1997)], was found to be in good agreement with the experimental data, suggesting that no anomalous enhancement of thermal conductivity was achieved in the nanofluids tested in this exercise.
TL;DR: The present efforts are focused on automatic analysis of temperature distribution of regions of interest and their statistical analysis for detection of abnormalities in the area of medical IRT.
Abstract: Abnormal body temperature is a natural indicator of illness. Infrared thermography (IRT) is a fast, passive, non-contact and non-invasive alternative to conventional clinical thermometers for monitoring body temperature. Besides, IRT can also map body surface temperature remotely. Last five decades witnessed a steady increase in the utility of thermal imaging cameras to obtain correlations between the thermal physiology and skin temperature. IRT has been successfully used in diagnosis of breast cancer, diabetes neuropathy and peripheral vascular disorders. It has also been used to detect problems associated with gynecology, kidney transplantation, dermatology, heart, neonatal physiology, fever screening and brain imaging. With the advent of modern infrared cameras, data acquisition and processing techniques, it is now possible to have real time high resolution thermographic images, which is likely to surge further research in this field. The present efforts are focused on automatic analysis of temperature distribution of regions of interest and their statistical analysis for detection of abnormalities. This critical review focuses on advances in the area of medical IRT. The basics of IRT, essential theoretical background, the procedures adopted for various measurements and applications of IRT in various medical fields are discussed in this review. Besides background information is provided for beginners for better understanding of the subject.
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of the state-of-the-art work on nanostructures of metal oxides is presented, focusing on the physical and chemical properties of low-dimensional oxide materials.
Abstract: Metal oxides possess exceptional potential as base materials in emerging technologies. In recent times, significant amount of research works is carried out on these materials to assess new areas of applications, including optical, electronic, optoelectronic and biological domains. In such applications, the response and performance of the devices depend crucially, among other factors, on the size, shape and surface of the active oxide materials. For instance, the electronic and optical properties of oxides depend strongly on the spatial dimensions and composition  . The large number of atoms on the surface, and the effective van der Waals, Coulombic and interatomic coupling significantly modify the physical and chemical properties of the low dimensional oxide materials vis-a-vis its bulk counterparts. As a result, low dimensional oxide materials, such as nanoparticles, nanospheres, nanorods, nanowires, nanoribbon/nanobelts, nanotubes, nanodisks, nanosheets evoke vast and diverse interests. Thermal and physical deposition, hydro/solvothermal process, spray-pyrolysis, assisted self-assembly, oil-in-water microemulsion and template-assisted synthesis are regularly employed to synthesis one-, two- and three-dimensional nanostructures, which have become the focus of intensive research in mesoscopic physics and nanoscale devices. It not only provides good scopes to study the optical, electrical and thermal properties in quantum-confinement, but also offers important insights for understanding the functional units in fabricating electronic, optoelectronic, and magnetic devices of nanoscale dimension. Tin oxide (SnO 2 ) is one such very important n-type oxide and wide band gap (3.6 eV) semiconductor. Its good quality electrical, optical, and electrochemical properties are exploited in solar cells, as catalytic support materials, as solid-state chemical sensors and as high-capacity lithium-storage. Previously, Chopra et al.  reviewed different aspects of transparent conducting SnO 2 thin films. Wang et al.  discussed device applications of nanowires and nanobelts of semiconductor oxides, including SnO 2 . Batzill et al.  discussed about the surface of single crystalline bulk SnO 2 . However, it is understood that neither there is any comprehensive review on various crystallographic phases, polymorphs, bulk modulus, lattice parameters and electronic states of SnO 2 , nor there is any updated compilation on the recent progress and scope on SnO 2 nanostructures. Therefore, the proposed review covers the past and recent progress on the said topics and is summarized in the following manner. The available theoretical and experimental works on crystal structures, bulk modulus, lattice parameters are reviewed in details. The electronic states and the band structures of these phases are discussed next. Active crystal surfaces of SnO 2 play vital roles in its many interesting properties, including sensing and catalytic applications. So, a short review is written on its different surfaces, its electronic structures and density of states. The discussion on the importance of morphological variations on the properties of SnO 2 is followed by a review on different methods for obtaining such structures. A detail survey on the existing literature on techniques and mechanisms for the growth of nanostructures are included. SnO 2 is efficiently employed in gas sensing applications. A review on such applications is compiled based on the role of morphology and performance. The future course of SnO 2 as an important material in the contemporary research is also discussed.
TL;DR: This review focuses on the advances of IRT as a non-contact and non-invasive condition monitoring tool for machineries, equipment and processes.
Abstract: Temperature is one of the most common indicators of the structural health of equipment and components. Faulty machineries, corroded electrical connections, damaged material components, etc., can cause abnormal temperature distribution. By now, infrared thermography (IRT) has become a matured and widely accepted condition monitoring tool where the temperature is measured in real time in a non-contact manner. IRT enables early detection of equipment flaws and faulty industrial processes under operating condition thereby, reducing system down time, catastrophic breakdown and maintenance cost. Last three decades witnessed a steady growth in the use of IRT as a condition monitoring technique in civil structures, electrical installations, machineries and equipment, material deformation under various loading conditions, corrosion damages and welding processes. IRT has also found its application in nuclear, aerospace, food, paper, wood and plastic industries. With the advent of newer generations of infrared camera, IRT is becoming a more accurate, reliable and cost effective technique. This review focuses on the advances of IRT as a non-contact and non-invasive condition monitoring tool for machineries, equipment and processes. Various conditions monitoring applications are discussed in details, along with some basics of IRT, experimental procedures and data analysis techniques. Sufficient background information is also provided for the beginners and non-experts for easy understanding of the subject.
TL;DR: In this article, Zirconate and titanate pyrochlores were subjected to 1 MeV of Kr+ irradiation and showed a systematic change in the susceptibility to radiation-induced amorphization with increasing Zr content.
Abstract: Zirconate and titanate pyrochlores were subjected to 1 MeV of Kr+ irradiation. Pyrochlores in the Gd2(ZrxTi1-x)2O7 system (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1) showed a systematic change in the susceptibility to radiation-induced amorphization with increasing Zr content. Gd2Ti2O7 amorphized at relatively low dose (0.2 displacement per atom at room temperature), and the critical temperature for amorphization was 1100 K. With increasing zirconium content, the pyrochlores became increasingly radiation resistant, as demonstrated by the increasing dose and decreasing critical temperature for amorphization. Pyrochlores highly-enriched in Zr (Gd2Zr2O7, Gd2Zr1.8Mg0.2O6.8, Gd1.9Sr0.1Zr1.9Mg0.1O6.85, and Gd1.9Sr0.1Zr1.8Mg0.2O6.75) could not be amorphized, even at temperature as low as 25 K.
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|Sanford A. Asher||80||333||21523|
|Jyeshtharaj B. Joshi||65||577||17852|
|A. K. Sood||59||445||21236|
|Anantha Iyengar Gopalan||50||288||8570|
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