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Institution

Information Technology University

EducationLahore, Pakistan
About: Information Technology University is a(n) education organization based out in Lahore, Pakistan. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Cloud computing & Cluster analysis. The organization has 9260 authors who have published 13001 publication(s) receiving 236419 citation(s). The organization is also known as: ITU.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The definition, characteristics, and classification of big data along with some discussions on cloud computing are introduced, and research challenges are investigated, with focus on scalability, availability, data integrity, data transformation, data quality, data heterogeneity, privacy, legal and regulatory issues, and governance.
Abstract: Cloud computing is a powerful technology to perform massive-scale and complex computing. It eliminates the need to maintain expensive computing hardware, dedicated space, and software. Massive growth in the scale of data or big data generated through cloud computing has been observed. Addressing big data is a challenging and time-demanding task that requires a large computational infrastructure to ensure successful data processing and analysis. The rise of big data in cloud computing is reviewed in this study. The definition, characteristics, and classification of big data along with some discussions on cloud computing are introduced. The relationship between big data and cloud computing, big data storage systems, and Hadoop technology are also discussed. Furthermore, research challenges are investigated, with focus on scalability, availability, data integrity, data transformation, data quality, data heterogeneity, privacy, legal and regulatory issues, and governance. Lastly, open research issues that require substantial research efforts are summarized. The amount of data continues to increase at an exponential rate.Cloud computing and big data are conjoined.Only a few tools are available to address the issues of big data processing in cloud.Open research issues that require substantial research efforts are summarized.

1,856 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Tom Oinn1, Matthew Addis2, Justin Ferris2, Darren Marvin2  +7 moreInstitutions (6)
TL;DR: The Taverna project has developed a tool for the composition and enactment of bioinformatics workflows for the life sciences community that is written in a new language called Scufl, where by each step within a workflow represents one atomic task.
Abstract: Motivation:In silico experiments in bioinformatics involve the co-ordinated use of computational tools and information repositories. A growing number of these resources are being made available with programmatic access in the form of Web services. Bioinformatics scientists will need to orchestrate these Web services in workflows as part of their analyses. Results: The Taverna project has developed a tool for the composition and enactment of bioinformatics workflows for the life sciences community. The tool includes a workbench application which provides a graphical user interface for the composition of workflows. These workflows are written in a new language called the simple conceptual unified flow language (Scufl), where by each step within a workflow represents one atomic task. Two examples are used to illustrate the ease by which in silico experiments can be represented as Scufl workflows using the workbench application. Availability: The Taverna workflow system is available as open source and can be downloaded with example Scufl workflows from http://taverna.sourceforge.net

1,683 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper proposes an alternative approach based on a novel type of recurrent neural network, specifically designed for sequence labeling tasks where the data is hard to segment and contains long-range bidirectional interdependencies, significantly outperforming a state-of-the-art HMM-based system.
Abstract: Recognizing lines of unconstrained handwritten text is a challenging task. The difficulty of segmenting cursive or overlapping characters, combined with the need to exploit surrounding context, has led to low recognition rates for even the best current recognizers. Most recent progress in the field has been made either through improved preprocessing or through advances in language modeling. Relatively little work has been done on the basic recognition algorithms. Indeed, most systems rely on the same hidden Markov models that have been used for decades in speech and handwriting recognition, despite their well-known shortcomings. This paper proposes an alternative approach based on a novel type of recurrent neural network, specifically designed for sequence labeling tasks where the data is hard to segment and contains long-range bidirectional interdependencies. In experiments on two large unconstrained handwriting databases, our approach achieves word recognition accuracies of 79.7 percent on online data and 74.1 percent on offline data, significantly outperforming a state-of-the-art HMM-based system. In addition, we demonstrate the network's robustness to lexicon size, measure the individual influence of its hidden layers, and analyze its use of context. Last, we provide an in-depth discussion of the differences between the network and HMMs, suggesting reasons for the network's superior performance.

1,379 citations


Journal IssueDOI
Mike Thelwall1, Kevan Buckley1, Georgios Paltoglou1, Di Cai1  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: A huge number of informal messages are posted every day in social network sites, blogs, and discussion forums. Emotions seem to be frequently important in these texts for expressing friendship, showing social support or as part of online arguments. Algorithms to identify sentiment and sentiment strength are needed to help understand the role of emotion in this informal communication and also to identify inappropriate or anomalous affective utterances, potentially associated with threatening behavior to the self or others. Nevertheless, existing sentiment detection algorithms tend to be commercially oriented, designed to identify opinions about products rather than user behaviors. This article partly fills this gap with a new algorithm, SentiStrength, to extract sentiment strength from informal English text, using new methods to exploit the de facto grammars and spelling styles of cyberspace. Applied to MySpace comments and with a lookup table of term sentiment strengths optimized by machine learning, SentiStrength is able to predict positive emotion with 60.6p accuracy and negative emotion with 72.8p accuracy, both based upon strength scales of 1–5. The former, but not the latter, is better than baseline and a wide range of general machine learning approaches. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

1,333 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Risto Näätänen1, Anne Lehtokoski1, Mietta Lennes1, Marie Cheour1  +12 moreInstitutions (5)
30 Jan 1997-Nature
TL;DR: It is found that the brain's automatic change-detection response, reflected electrically as the mismatch negativity (MMN) was enhanced when the infrequent, deviant stimulus was a prototype relative to when it was a non-prototype (the Estonian /õ/).
Abstract: There is considerable debate about whether the early processing of sounds depends on whether they form part of speech. Proponents of such speech specificity postulate the existence of language-dependent memory traces, which are activated in the processing of speech1–3 but not when equally complex, acoustic non-speech stimuli are processed. Here we report the existence of these traces in the human brain. We presented to Finnish subjects the Finnish phoneme prototype /e/ as the frequent stimulus, and other Finnish phoneme prototypes or a non-prototype (the Estonian prototype /o/) as the infrequent stimulus. We found that the brain's automatic change-detection response, reflected electrically as the mismatch negativity (MMN)4–10, was enhanced when the infrequent, deviant stimulus was a prototype (the Finnish /o/) relative to when it was a non-prototype (the Estonian /o/). These phonemic traces, revealed by MMN, are language-specific, as /o/ caused enhancement of MMN in Estonians. Whole-head magnetic recordings11,12 located the source of this native-language, phoneme-related response enhancement, and thus the language-specific memory traces, in the auditory cortex of the left hemisphere.

1,105 citations


Authors

Showing all 9260 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Dacheng Tao133136268263
Jian-Guo Bian128121980964
Josef Hammer12063160840
David I. Stuart11359449733
Xuemin Shen106122144959
Hung T. Nguyen102101147693
Petre Stoica10175254266
Jürgen Schmidhuber99539122453
Biswajeet Pradhan9873532900
Shuzhi Sam Ge9788340865
Jun Ma97133839643
Jing Zhang95127142163
Arun Kumar9344139938
Roel Baets91115834593
Ravi Naidu8983034739
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202240
20211,080
20201,104
20191,082
2018976
2017918