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Kuwait University

EducationKuwait City, Kuwait
About: Kuwait University is a education organization based out in Kuwait City, Kuwait. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Heat transfer. The organization has 7736 authors who have published 16144 publications receiving 314793 citations. The organization is also known as: Kuniv.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors summarise present global efforts to counteract this problem and point the way forward to address the pandemic of physical inactivity, concluding that, although evidence for the benefits of physical activity for health has been available since the 1950s, promotion to improve the health of populations has lagged in relation to the available evidence.

2,186 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 45, 52, and 58 should be given priority when the cross-protective effects of current vaccines are assessed, and for formulation of recommendations for the use of second-generation polyvalent HPV vaccines, according to this largest assessment of HPV genotypes to date.
Abstract: Summary Background Knowledge about the distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes in invasive cervical cancer is crucial to guide the introduction of prophylactic vaccines. We aimed to provide novel and comprehensive data about the worldwide genotype distribution in patients with invasive cervical cancer. Methods Paraffin-embedded samples of histologically confirmed cases of invasive cervical cancer were collected from 38 countries in Europe, North America, central South America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. Inclusion criteria were a pathological confirmation of a primary invasive cervical cancer of epithelial origin in the tissue sample selected for analysis of HPV DNA, and information about the year of diagnosis. HPV detection was done by use of PCR with SPF-10 broad-spectrum primers followed by DNA enzyme immunoassay and genotyping with a reverse hybridisation line probe assay. Sequence analysis was done to characterise HPV-positive samples with unknown HPV types. Data analyses included algorithms of multiple infections to estimate type-specific relative contributions. Findings 22 661 paraffin-embedded samples were obtained from 14 249 women. 10 575 cases of invasive cervical cancer were included in the study, and 8977 (85%) of these were positive for HPV DNA. The most common HPV types were 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 45, 52, and 58 with a combined worldwide relative contribution of 8196 of 8977 (91%, 95% CI 90–92). HPV types 16 and 18 were detected in 6357 of 8977 of cases (71%, 70–72) of invasive cervical cancer. HPV types 16, 18, and 45 were detected in 443 of 470 cases (94%, 92–96) of cervical adenocarcinomas. Unknown HPV types that were identified with sequence analysis were 26, 30, 61, 67, 69, 82, and 91 in 103 (1%) of 8977 cases of invasive cervical cancer. Women with invasive cervical cancers related to HPV types 16, 18, or 45 presented at a younger mean age than did those with other HPV types (50·0 years [49·6–50·4], 48·2 years [47·3–49·2], 46·8 years [46·6–48·1], and 55·5 years [54·9–56·1], respectively). Interpretation To our knowledge, this study is the largest assessment of HPV genotypes to date. HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 45, 52, and 58 should be given priority when the cross-protective effects of current vaccines are assessed, and for formulation of recommendations for the use of second-generation polyvalent HPV vaccines. Our results also suggest that type-specific high-risk HPV-DNA-based screening tests and protocols should focus on HPV types 16, 18, and 45. Funding Spanish grants from Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Agencia de Gestio d'Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca, Marato de TV3 Foundation, and unrestricted grants from GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals, Sanofi Pasteur MSD, and Merck.

2,145 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Significant differences in the relation of psychosocial factors to risk of myocardial infarction in 24767 people from 52 countries were found, suggesting that approaches aimed at modifying these factors should be developed.

2,110 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Max Griswold1, Nancy Fullman1, Caitlin Hawley1, Nicholas Arian1  +515 moreInstitutions (37)
TL;DR: It is found that the risk of all-cause mortality, and of cancers specifically, rises with increasing levels of consumption, and the level of consumption that minimises health loss is zero.

1,831 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An extensive review of the scheduling literature on models with setup times (costs) from then to date covering more than 300 papers is provided, which classifies scheduling problems into those with batching and non-batching considerations, and with sequence-independent and sequence-dependent setup times.

1,264 citations


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Bernard Rosner1901162147661
Athanasios V. Vasilakos11365441210
Laurent Abel10547337932
Carl L. Keen9363233114
Michael V. Swain9173931167
Ali J. Chamkha8890127550
Hans-Joachim Gabius8569928085
Mohsen Guizani79111031282
Lakshman P. Samaranayake7558619972
Nima Rezaei72121526295
Bruce Budowle7061320227
Thomas C. W. Mak69107926114
Harri Vainio6736316867
Michael J. Waters6526014716
Abe Fingerhut6326623505
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No. of papers from the Institution in previous years