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Leeds Beckett University

EducationLeeds, United Kingdom
About: Leeds Beckett University is a education organization based out in Leeds, United Kingdom. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Tourism. The organization has 2571 authors who have published 7167 publications receiving 143145 citations. The organization is also known as: Leeds Polytechnic & Leeds Metropolitan University.

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02 Oct 2013
TL;DR: This chapter discusses the role of data collection, analysis, and interpretation in the development of qualitative research techniques and their applications in clinical practice.
Abstract: Qualitative forms of inquiry are a dynamic and exciting area within contemporary research in sport, exercise and health. Students and researchers at all levels are now expected to understand qualitative approaches and be able to employ them in their work. In this comprehensive and in-depth introductory text, Andrew C. Sparkes and Brett Smith take the reader on a journey through the entire qualitative research process that begins with the conceptualization of ideas and the planning of a study, moves through the phases of data collection and analysis, and then explains how findings might be represented in various ways to different audiences. Ethical issues are also explored in detail, as well as the ways that the goodness of qualitative research might be judged by its consumers. The book is based on the view that researchers need to make principled, informed and strategic decisions about what, why, when, and how to use qualitative forms of inquiry. The nature of qualitative research is explained in terms of both its core assumptions and what practitioners actually do in the field when they collect data and subject it to analysis. Each chapter is vividly illustrated with cases and examples from published research, to demonstrate different qualitative approaches in action and their relative strengths and weaknesses. The book also extends the boundaries of qualitative research by exploring innovative contemporary methodologies and novel ways to report research findings. Qualitative Research Methods in Sport, Exercise and Health is essential reading for any student, researcher or professional who wishes to understand this form of inquiry and to engage in a research project within a sport, exercise or health context.

1,224 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Intrinsic motivation was related to positive consequences, whereas external regulation and amotivation were predictors of negative consequences and the model was largely invariant across gender.
Abstract: Background. It is widely acknowledged that Physical Education (PE) can play a potentially important role in enhancing public health by creating positive attitudes toward exercise and by promoting health-related fitness programmes. However, these initiatives will have limited success if students are not motivated to participate actively in their PE lessons. Aim. A sequence of motivational processes, proposed by Vallerand (1997), was tested in this study. The sequence has the formsocial factors !psycho- logical mediators !types of motivation !consequences'. Sample. Participants were 424 British students aged 14± 16 years from Northwest England. Method. Questionnaires were used to measure cooperative learning, self- referenced improvement, and choice of tasks (social factors), perceived competence, autonomy, and relatedness (psychological mediators), intrinsic motivation, identification, introjection, external regulation, and amotivation (types of motivation), and boredom, effort, and future intention to exercise (consequences). Results. A SEM analysis showed that perceived competence was the major psychological mediator. Intrinsic motivation was related to positive con- sequences, whereas external regulation and amotivation were predictors of negative consequences. A multisample analysis indicated that the model was largely invariant across gender. Conclusions. The findings underline the importance of perceived competence and intrinsic motivation in compulsory PE.

961 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: There is currently very limited information on the nature and prevalence of post‐COVID‐19 symptoms after hospital discharge.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: There is currently very limited information on the nature and prevalence of post-COVID-19 symptoms after hospital discharge. METHODS: A purposive sample of 100 survivors discharged from a large University hospital were assessed 4 to 8 weeks after discharge by a multidisciplinary team of rehabilitation professionals using a specialist telephone screening tool designed to capture symptoms and impact on daily life. EQ-5D-5L telephone version was also completed. RESULTS: Participants were between 29 and 71 days (mean 48 days) postdischarge from hospital. Thirty-two participants required treatment in intensive care unit (ICU group) and 68 were managed in hospital wards without needing ICU care (ward group). New illness-related fatigue was the most common reported symptom by 72% participants in ICU group and 60.3% in ward group. The next most common symptoms were breathlessness (65.6% in ICU group and 42.6% in ward group) and psychological distress (46.9% in ICU group and 23.5% in ward group). There was a clinically significant drop in EQ5D in 68.8% in ICU group and in 45.6% in ward group. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study from the United Kingdom reporting on postdischarge symptoms. We recommend planning rehabilitation services to manage these symptoms appropriately and maximize the functional return of COVID-19 survivors.

912 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: In this article, it is argued from a realist position that such evaluation should be theory-based and focused on explaining and understanding how policies achieve their effects using "multi-method" approaches.
Abstract: The increasing emphasis on the need for evidence-based policy indicates the continuing influence of the "modernist" faith in progress informed by reason. Although the rationalist assumptions of evidence-based policy making have been subject to severe challenge from constructivist and post-modernist perspectives, it is argued that the attempt to ground policy making in more reliable knowledge of "what works" retains its relevance and importance. Indeed, its importance is enhanced by the need for effective governance of complex social systems and it is argued that "reflexive social learning" informed by policy and programme evaluation constitutes an increasingly important basis for "interactive governance". The expanded use of piloting of new policies and programmes by the current UK Government is considered to provide limited scope for evaluation to derive reliable evidence of whether policies work. There is a need for greater clarity about the role of evaluation in situations where piloting essentially constitutes "prototyping". More emphasis should be placed on developing a sound evidence base for policy through long-term impact evaluations of policies and programmes. It is argued from a realist position that such evaluation should be theory-based and focused on explaining and understanding how policies achieve their effects using "multi-method" approaches.

753 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the problematic nature of autoethnography, which is located at the boundaries of scientific research, by linking the author's experiences of the review process with dominant research perspectives.
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to critique representation and legitimation as they relate to the peer review process for an autoethnographic manuscript. Using a conversation derived from seven reviewers’ comments pertaining to one autoethnographic manuscript, issues relating to (a) the use of verification strategies in autoethnographic studies; and, (b) the use of self as the only data source are discussed. As such, this paper can be considered as an autoethnographic writing story. The problematic nature of autoethnography, which is located at the boundaries of scientific research, is examined by linking the author’s experiences of the review process with dominant research perspectives. Suggestions for investigators wishing to produce autoethnographic accounts are outlined along with a call for the development of appropriate evaluative criteria for such work.

693 citations


Showing all 2626 results

Ricardo P. Schiavon7826435875
David R. Brown7545120062
Nikos Ntoumanis7428219459
JunJie Wu6846516414
David Kirk6730314177
Colin C. Williams6579618973
Stephen C. Harvey5727312445
Jane Hughes5746712099
Tom McLeish5728314504
Robert Behringer5535917617
Andrew C. Sparkes5520813760
Jim McKenna553219063
Remco Polman5427010242
Joseph Baker5331111166
Michael I. Bennett5226613680
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