Institution

# Lehigh University

Education•Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States•

About: Lehigh University is a(n) education organization based out in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Catalysis & Fracture mechanics. The organization has 12684 authors who have published 26550 publication(s) receiving 770061 citation(s).

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TL;DR: In this article, three distinct intuitive notions of centrality are uncovered and existing measures are refined to embody these conceptions, and the implications of these measures for the experimental study of small groups are examined.

Abstract: The intuitive background for measures of structural centrality in social networks is reviewed and existing measures are evaluated in terms of their consistency with intuitions and their interpretability. Three distinct intuitive conceptions of centrality are uncovered and existing measures are refined to embody these conceptions. Three measures are developed for each concept, one absolute and one relative measure of the centrality of positions in a network, and one reflecting the degree of centralization of the entire network. The implications of these measures for the experimental study of small groups is examined.

13,104 citations

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TL;DR: A family of new measures of point and graph centrality based on early intuitions of Bavelas (1948) is introduced in this paper, which define centrality in terms of the degree to which a point falls on the shortest path between others and there fore has a potential for control of communication.

Abstract: A family of new measures of point and graph centrality based on early intuitions of Bavelas (1948) is introduced. These measures define centrality in terms of the degree to which a point falls on the shortest path between others and there fore has a potential for control of communication. They may be used to index centrality in any large or small network of symmetrical relations, whether connected or unconnected.

6,934 citations

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TL;DR: The empirical upper bound relationship for membrane separation of gases initially published in 1991 has been reviewed with the myriad of data now presently available as mentioned in this paper, which indicates a different solubility selectivity relationship for perfluorinated polymers compared to hydrocarbon/aromatic polymers.

Abstract: The empirical upper bound relationship for membrane separation of gases initially published in 1991 has been reviewed with the myriad of data now presently available. The upper bound correlation follows the relationship P i = k α i j n , where Pi is the permeability of the fast gas, αij (Pi/Pj) is the separation factor, k is referred to as the “front factor” and n is the slope of the log–log plot of the noted relationship. Below this line on a plot of log αij versus log Pi, virtually all the experimental data points exist. In spite of the intense investigation resulting in a much larger dataset than the original correlation, the upper bound position has had only minor shifts in position for many gas pairs. Where more significant shifts are observed, they are almost exclusively due to data now in the literature on a series of perfluorinated polymers and involve many of the gas pairs comprising He. The shift observed is primarily due to a change in the front factor, k, whereas the slope of the resultant upper bound relationship remains similar to the prior data correlations. This indicates a different solubility selectivity relationship for perfluorinated polymers compared to hydrocarbon/aromatic polymers as has been noted in the literature. Two additional upper bound relationships are included in this analysis; CO2/N2 and N2/CH4. In addition to the perfluorinated polymers resulting in significant upper bound shifts, minor shifts were observed primarily due to polymers exhibiting rigid, glassy structures including ladder-type polymers. The upper bound correlation can be used to qualitatively determine where the permeability process changes from solution-diffusion to Knudsen diffusion.

3,686 citations

##### Authors

Showing all 12684 results

Name | H-index | Papers | Citations |
---|---|---|---|

Yang Yang | 171 | 2644 | 153049 |

Gang Chen | 167 | 3372 | 149819 |

Yi Yang | 143 | 2456 | 92268 |

Mark D. Griffiths | 124 | 1238 | 61335 |

Michael Gill | 121 | 810 | 86338 |

Masaki Mori | 110 | 2200 | 66676 |

Kai Nan An | 109 | 953 | 51638 |

James R. Rice | 108 | 278 | 68943 |

Vinayak P. Dravid | 103 | 817 | 43612 |

Andrew M. Jones | 103 | 764 | 37253 |

Israel E. Wachs | 103 | 427 | 32029 |

Demetrios N. Christodoulides | 100 | 704 | 51093 |

Bert M. Weckhuysen | 100 | 767 | 40945 |

José Luis García Fierro | 100 | 1027 | 47228 |

Mordechai Segev | 99 | 729 | 40073 |