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Institution

Minneapolis College of Art and Design

EducationMinneapolis, Minnesota, United States
About: Minneapolis College of Art and Design is a education organization based out in Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Design education & Virtual reality. The organization has 14 authors who have published 20 publications receiving 328 citations. The organization is also known as: Minneapolis School of Fine Arts & MCAD.

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05 May 2023
TL;DR: Smith et al. as mentioned in this paper used the assessment methods used in the AR6 Working Group One (WGI) report, updating the monitoring datasets and producing updated estimates for key climate indicators including emissions, greenhouse gas concentrations, radiative forcing, surface temperature changes, Earth's energy imbalance, warming attributed to human activities, the remaining carbon budget and estimates of global temperature extremes.
Abstract: Abstract. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessments are the trusted source of scientific evidence for climate negotiations taking place under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), including the first global stocktake under the Paris Agreement that will conclude at COP28 in December 2023. Evidence-based decision making needs to be informed by up-to-date and timely information on key indicators of the state of the climate system and of the human influence on the global climate system. However, successive IPCC reports are published at intervals of 5–10 years, creating potential for an information gap between report cycles. We base this update on the assessment methods used in the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) Working Group One (WGI) report, updating the monitoring datasets and to produce updated estimates for key climate indicators including emissions, greenhouse gas concentrations, radiative forcing, surface temperature changes, the Earth’s energy imbalance, warming attributed to human activities, the remaining carbon budget and estimates of global temperature extremes. The purpose of this effort, grounded in an open data, open science approach, is to make annually updated reliable global climate indicators available in the public domain (https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7883758, Smith et al., 2023). As they are traceable and consistent with IPCC report methods, they can be trusted by all parties involved in UNFCCC negotiations and help convey wider understanding of the latest knowledge of the climate system and its direction of travel. The indicators show that human induced warming reached 1.14 [0.9 to 1.4] °C over the 2013–2022 period and 1.26 [1.0 to 1.6] °C in 2022. Human induced warming is increasing at an unprecedented rate of over 0.2 °C per decade. This high rate of warming is caused by a combination of greenhouse gas emissions being at an all-time high of 57 ± 5.6 GtCO2e over the last decade, as well as reductions in the strength of aerosol cooling. Despite this, there are signs that emission levels are starting to stabilise, and we can hope that a continued series of these annual updates might track a real-world change of direction for the climate over this critical decade.

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
20231
20211
20201
20182
20172
20151