Missouri University of Science and Technology
Education•Rolla, Missouri, United States•
About: Missouri University of Science and Technology is a(n) education organization based out in Rolla, Missouri, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Control theory & Artificial neural network. The organization has 9380 authors who have published 21161 publication(s) receiving 462544 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Missouri S&T & University of Missouri–Rolla.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Clustering algorithms for data sets appearing in statistics, computer science, and machine learning are surveyed, and their applications in some benchmark data sets, the traveling salesman problem, and bioinformatics, a new field attracting intensive efforts are illustrated.
Abstract: Data analysis plays an indispensable role for understanding various phenomena. Cluster analysis, primitive exploration with little or no prior knowledge, consists of research developed across a wide variety of communities. The diversity, on one hand, equips us with many tools. On the other hand, the profusion of options causes confusion. We survey clustering algorithms for data sets appearing in statistics, computer science, and machine learning, and illustrate their applications in some benchmark data sets, the traveling salesman problem, and bioinformatics, a new field attracting intensive efforts. Several tightly related topics, proximity measure, and cluster validation, are also discussed.
30 Mar 2007
TL;DR: Friction stir welding (FSW) is a relatively new solid-state joining process that is used to join high-strength aerospace aluminum alloys and other metallic alloys that are hard to weld by conventional fusion welding as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Friction stir welding (FSW) is a relatively new solid-state joining process. This joining technique is energy efficient, environment friendly, and versatile. In particular, it can be used to join high-strength aerospace aluminum alloys and other metallic alloys that are hard to weld by conventional fusion welding. FSW is considered to be the most significant development in metal joining in a decade. Recently, friction stir processing (FSP) was developed for microstructural modification of metallic materials. In this review article, the current state of understanding and development of the FSW and FSP are addressed. Particular emphasis has been given to: (a) mechanisms responsible for the formation of welds and microstructural refinement, and (b) effects of FSW/FSP parameters on resultant microstructure and final mechanical properties. While the bulk of the information is related to aluminum alloys, important results are now available for other metals and alloys. At this stage, the technology diffusion has significantly outpaced the fundamental understanding of microstructural evolution and microstructure–property relationships.
TL;DR: This paper presents a detailed overview of the basic concepts of PSO and its variants, and provides a comprehensive survey on the power system applications that have benefited from the powerful nature ofPSO as an optimization technique.
Abstract: Many areas in power systems require solving one or more nonlinear optimization problems. While analytical methods might suffer from slow convergence and the curse of dimensionality, heuristics-based swarm intelligence can be an efficient alternative. Particle swarm optimization (PSO), part of the swarm intelligence family, is known to effectively solve large-scale nonlinear optimization problems. This paper presents a detailed overview of the basic concepts of PSO and its variants. Also, it provides a comprehensive survey on the power system applications that have benefited from the powerful nature of PSO as an optimization technique. For each application, technical details that are required for applying PSO, such as its type, particle formulation (solution representation), and the most efficient fitness functions are also discussed.
01 Apr 1983-Applied Optics
TL;DR: The data for the noble metals and Al, Pb, and W can be reasonably fit using the Drude model and it is shown that -epsilon1(omegas) = epsilon2(omega) approximately omega(2)(p)/(2omega( 2)(tau) at the damping frequency omega = omega(tau), where the plasma frequency is omega(p).
Abstract: Infrared optical constants collected from the literature are tabulated. The data for the noble metals and Al, Pb, and W can be reasonably fit using the Drude model. It is shown that -epsilon1(omega) = epsilon2(omega) approximately omega(2)(p)/(2omega(2)(tau)) at the damping frequency omega = omega(tau). Also -epsilon1(omega(tau)) approximately - (1/2) epsilon1(0), where the plasma frequency is omega(p).
TL;DR: It is suggested that metal-induced oxidative stress in cells can be partially responsible for the toxic effects of heavy metals, suggesting the importance of using antioxidants in heavy metal poisoning.
Abstract: Toxic metals (lead, cadmium, mercury and arsenic) are widely found in our environment. Humans are exposed to these metals from numerous sources, including contaminated air, water, soil and food. Recent studies indicate that transition metals act as catalysts in the oxidative reactions of biological macromolecules therefore the toxicities associated with these metals might be due to oxidative tissue damage. Redox-active metals, such as iron, copper and chromium, undergo redox cycling whereas redox-inactive metals, such as lead, cadmium, mercury and others deplete cells major antioxidants, particularly thiol-containing antioxidants and enzymes. Either redox-active or redox-inactive metals may cause an increase in production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl radical (HO.), superoxide radical (O2.-) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Enhanced generation of ROS can overwhelm cells intrinsic antioxidant defenses, and result in a condition known as “oxidative stress”. Cells under oxidative stress display various dysfunctions due to lesions caused by ROS to lipids, proteins and DNA. Consequently, it is suggested that metal-induced oxidative stress in cells can be partially responsible for the toxic effects of heavy metals. Several studies are underway to determine the effect of antioxidant supplementation following heavy metal exposure. Data suggest that antioxidants may play an important role in abating some hazards of heavy metals. In order to prove the importance of using antioxidants in heavy metal poisoning, pertinent biochemical mechanisms for metal-induced oxidative stress should be reviewed.
Showing all 9380 results
|Tobin J. Marks||159||1621||111604|
|Jeffrey R. Long||118||425||68415|
|Mark C. Hersam||107||659||46813|
|Christopher J. Chang||98||307||36101|
|Daniel W. Armstrong||93||759||35819|
|Sajal K. Das||85||1124||29785|
|Ludwig J. Gauckler||78||517||25926|
|David W. Fahey||77||315||30176|
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