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Institution

Mount Royal University

EducationCalgary, Alberta, Canada
About: Mount Royal University is a education organization based out in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Higher education. The organization has 813 authors who have published 1805 publications receiving 23880 citations. The organization is also known as: Mount Royal Junior College.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
25 Jun 2020
TL;DR: Examination of the comorbid conditions, the progression of the disease, and mortality rates in patients of all ages, infected with the ongoing COVID-19 disease found that patients withComorbidities should take all necessary precautions to avoid getting infected with SARS CoV-2, as they usually have the worst prognosis.
Abstract: A novel human coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Since then, the virus has made its way across the globe to affect over 180 countries. SARS-CoV-2 has infected humans in all age groups, of all ethnicities, both males and females while spreading through communities at an alarming rate. Given the nature of this virus, there is much still to be learned; however, we know that the clinical manifestations range from a common cold to more severe diseases such as bronchitis, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), multi-organ failure, and even death. It is believed that COVID-19, in those with underlying health conditions or comorbidities, has an increasingly rapid and severe progression, often leading to death. This paper examined the comorbid conditions, the progression of the disease, and mortality rates in patients of all ages, infected with the ongoing COVID-19 disease. An electronic literature review search was performed, and applicable data was then collected from peer-reviewed articles published from January to April 20, 2020. From what is known at the moment, patients with COVID-19 disease who have comorbidities, such as hypertension or diabetes mellitus, are more likely to develop a more severe course and progression of the disease. Furthermore, older patients, especially those 65 years old and above who have comorbidities and are infected, have an increased admission rate into the intensive care unit (ICU) and mortality from the COVID-19 disease. Patients with comorbidities should take all necessary precautions to avoid getting infected with SARS CoV-2, as they usually have the worst prognosis.

918 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: TCD is an efficient tool to access blood velocities within the cerebral vessels, cerebral autoregulation, cerebrovascular reactivity to CO(2), and neurovascular coupling in both physiological states and in pathological conditions such as stroke and head trauma.

460 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: During alterations in arterial carbon dioxide and oxygen, the large arteries changed diameter and blood flow to the brainstem changed more than that to the cortex.
Abstract: Despite the importance of blood flow on brainstem control of respiratory and autonomic function, little is known about regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) during changes in arterial blood gases.We quantified: (1) anterior and posterior CBF and reactivity through a wide range of steady-state changes in the partial pressures of CO2 (PaCO2) and O2 (PaO2) in arterial blood, and (2) determined if the internal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebral artery (VA) change diameter through the same range.We used near-concurrent vascular ultrasound measures of flow through the ICA and VA, and blood velocity in their downstream arteries (the middle (MCA) and posterior (PCA) cerebral arteries). Part A (n =16) examined iso-oxic changes in PaCO2, consisting of three hypocapnic stages (PaCO2 =∼15, ∼20 and ∼30 mmHg) and four hypercapnic stages (PaCO2 =∼50, ∼55, ∼60 and ∼65 mmHg). In Part B (n =10), during isocapnia, PaO2 was decreased to ∼60, ∼44, and ∼35 mmHg and increased to ∼320 mmHg and ∼430 mmHg. Stages lasted ∼15 min. Intra-arterial pressure was measured continuously; arterial blood gases were sampled at the end of each stage. There were three principal findings. (1) Regional reactivity: the VA reactivity to hypocapnia was larger than the ICA, MCA and PCA; hypercapnic reactivity was similar.With profound hypoxia (35 mmHg) the relative increase in VA flow was 50% greater than the other vessels. (2) Neck vessel diameters: changes in diameter (∼25%) of the ICA was positively related to changes in PaCO2 (R2, 0.63±0.26; P<0.05); VA diameter was unaltered in response to changed PaCO2 but yielded a diameter increase of +9% with severe hypoxia. (3) Intra- vs. extra-cerebral measures: MCA and PCA blood velocities yielded smaller reactivities and estimates of flow than VA and ICA flow. The findings respectively indicate: (1) disparate blood flow regulation to the brainstem and cortex; (2) cerebrovascular resistance is not solely modulated at the level of the arteriolar pial vessels; and (3) transcranial Doppler ultrasound may underestimate measurements of CBF during extreme hypoxia and/or hypercapnia.

423 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article conducted a meta-analysis of all multisection studies and found no significant correlations between student evaluation of teaching (SET) ratings and learning, and suggested that institutions focused on student learning and career success may want to abandon SET ratings as a measure of faculty's teaching effectiveness.

352 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the relative importance of 17 factors that influence new graduate employability was explored through the use of both qualitative and quantitative approaches, and a two-phase, mixed-methods study was conducted to examine: Phase One, whether these 17 factors could be combined into five categories; and Phase Two, the importance that employers placed on these factors.
Abstract: Purpose – The current study was conducted to increase our understanding of factors that influence the employability of university graduates. Through the use of both qualitative and quantitative approaches, the paper explores the relative importance of 17 factors that influence new graduate employability.Design/methodology/approach – An extensive review of the existing literature was used to identify 17 factors that affect new graduate employability. A two‐phase, mixed‐methods study was conducted to examine: Phase One, whether these 17 factors could be combined into five categories; and Phase Two, the relative importance that employers place on these factors. Phase One involved interviewing 30 employers, and Phase Two consisted of an empirical examination with an additional 115 employers.Findings – Results from both the qualitative and quantitative phases of the current study demonstrated that 17 employability factors can be clustered into five higher‐order composite categories. In addition, findings illus...

321 citations


Authors

Showing all 831 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Jeffrey Penfold5219810730
Trevor A. Day441697210
Roberta L. Woodgate391554959
Jill E. Hobbs361785231
Corey S. Mackenzie31813712
Charles D. Hepler27757317
Michael D. Kennedy231162230
James P. Hibbard22461922
Lorenzo Ardito21441533
Robin E. Owen20351274
Rachel J. Skow19461007
David Bird19243701
Charles F. Webber1839750
Courtney D. Sandau18341980
Alain Morin18521334
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202314
202224
2021201
2020178
2019153
2018116