Institution

# National Tsing Hua University

Education•Hsinchu, Taiwan•

About: National Tsing Hua University is a education organization based out in Hsinchu, Taiwan. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Thin film & Layer (electronics). The organization has 39811 authors who have published 50379 publications receiving 1100284 citations. The organization is also known as: NTHU.

Topics: Thin film, Layer (electronics), Silicon, Carbon nanotube, CMOS

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: The algorithm can be used as a building block for solving other distributed graph problems, and can be slightly modified to run on a strongly-connected diagraph for generating the existent Euler trail or to report that no Euler trails exist.

Abstract: A new distributed Euler trail algorithm is proposed to run on an Euler diagraph G(V,E) where each node knows only its adjacent edges, converting it into a new state that each node knows how an existent Euler trail routes through its incoming and outgoing edges. The communication requires only 2middot;|E| one-bit messages. The algorithm can be used as a building block for solving other distributed graph problems, and can be slightly modified to run on a strongly-connected diagraph for generating the existent Euler trail or to report that no Euler trails exist.

13,828 citations

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B. P. Abbott

^{1}, Richard J. Abbott^{1}, T. D. Abbott^{2}, Matthew Abernathy^{1}+1008 more•Institutions (96)TL;DR: This is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and the first observation of a binary black hole merger, and these observations demonstrate the existence of binary stellar-mass black hole systems.

Abstract: On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of $1.0 \times 10^{-21}$. It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the inspiral and merger of a pair of black holes and the ringdown of the resulting single black hole. The signal was observed with a matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 24 and a false alarm rate estimated to be less than 1 event per 203 000 years, equivalent to a significance greater than 5.1 {\sigma}. The source lies at a luminosity distance of $410^{+160}_{-180}$ Mpc corresponding to a redshift $z = 0.09^{+0.03}_{-0.04}$. In the source frame, the initial black hole masses are $36^{+5}_{-4} M_\odot$ and $29^{+4}_{-4} M_\odot$, and the final black hole mass is $62^{+4}_{-4} M_\odot$, with $3.0^{+0.5}_{-0.5} M_\odot c^2$ radiated in gravitational waves. All uncertainties define 90% credible intervals.These observations demonstrate the existence of binary stellar-mass black hole systems. This is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and the first observation of a binary black hole merger.

9,596 citations

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TL;DR: A new approach for the design of alloys is presented in this paper, where high-entropy alloys with multi-principal elements were synthesized using well-developed processing technologies.

Abstract: A new approach for the design of alloys is presented in this study. These high-entropy alloys with multi-principal elements were synthesized using well-developed processing technologies. Preliminary results demonstrate examples of the alloys with simple crystal structures, nanostructures, and promising mechanical properties. This approach may be opening a new era in materials science and engineering.

8,175 citations

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B. P. Abbott

^{1}, Richard J. Abbott^{1}, T. D. Abbott^{2}, Fausto Acernese^{3}+1131 more•Institutions (123)TL;DR: The association of GRB 170817A, detected by Fermi-GBM 1.7 s after the coalescence, corroborates the hypothesis of a neutron star merger and provides the first direct evidence of a link between these mergers and short γ-ray bursts.

Abstract: On August 17, 2017 at 12∶41:04 UTC the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors made their first observation of a binary neutron star inspiral. The signal, GW170817, was detected with a combined signal-to-noise ratio of 32.4 and a false-alarm-rate estimate of less than one per 8.0×10^{4} years. We infer the component masses of the binary to be between 0.86 and 2.26 M_{⊙}, in agreement with masses of known neutron stars. Restricting the component spins to the range inferred in binary neutron stars, we find the component masses to be in the range 1.17-1.60 M_{⊙}, with the total mass of the system 2.74_{-0.01}^{+0.04}M_{⊙}. The source was localized within a sky region of 28 deg^{2} (90% probability) and had a luminosity distance of 40_{-14}^{+8} Mpc, the closest and most precisely localized gravitational-wave signal yet. The association with the γ-ray burst GRB 170817A, detected by Fermi-GBM 1.7 s after the coalescence, corroborates the hypothesis of a neutron star merger and provides the first direct evidence of a link between these mergers and short γ-ray bursts. Subsequent identification of transient counterparts across the electromagnetic spectrum in the same location further supports the interpretation of this event as a neutron star merger. This unprecedented joint gravitational and electromagnetic observation provides insight into astrophysics, dense matter, gravitation, and cosmology.

7,327 citations

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Clotilde Théry

^{1}, Kenneth W. Witwer^{2}, Elena Aikawa^{3}, María José Alcaraz^{4}+414 more•Institutions (209)TL;DR: The MISEV2018 guidelines include tables and outlines of suggested protocols and steps to follow to document specific EV-associated functional activities, and a checklist is provided with summaries of key points.

Abstract: The last decade has seen a sharp increase in the number of scientific publications describing physiological and pathological functions of extracellular vesicles (EVs), a collective term covering various subtypes of cell-released, membranous structures, called exosomes, microvesicles, microparticles, ectosomes, oncosomes, apoptotic bodies, and many other names. However, specific issues arise when working with these entities, whose size and amount often make them difficult to obtain as relatively pure preparations, and to characterize properly. The International Society for Extracellular Vesicles (ISEV) proposed Minimal Information for Studies of Extracellular Vesicles (“MISEV”) guidelines for the field in 2014. We now update these “MISEV2014” guidelines based on evolution of the collective knowledge in the last four years. An important point to consider is that ascribing a specific function to EVs in general, or to subtypes of EVs, requires reporting of specific information beyond mere description of function in a crude, potentially contaminated, and heterogeneous preparation. For example, claims that exosomes are endowed with exquisite and specific activities remain difficult to support experimentally, given our still limited knowledge of their specific molecular machineries of biogenesis and release, as compared with other biophysically similar EVs. The MISEV2018 guidelines include tables and outlines of suggested protocols and steps to follow to document specific EV-associated functional activities. Finally, a checklist is provided with summaries of key points.

5,988 citations

##### Authors

Showing all 39955 results

Name | H-index | Papers | Citations |
---|---|---|---|

Yi Chen | 217 | 4342 | 293080 |

Robert J. Lefkowitz | 214 | 860 | 147995 |

Marc G. Caron | 173 | 674 | 99802 |

Jongmin Lee | 150 | 2257 | 134772 |

Christopher M. Dobson | 150 | 1008 | 105475 |

Norbert Perrimon | 138 | 610 | 73505 |

Jonathan Butterworth | 133 | 1019 | 86993 |

Chi-Huey Wong | 129 | 1220 | 66349 |

Francois Corriveau | 128 | 1022 | 75729 |

Nikolaos Konstantinidis | 128 | 944 | 75399 |

Chi Lin | 125 | 1313 | 102710 |

Pai-hsien Jennifer Hsu | 118 | 565 | 59994 |

Lain-Jong Li | 113 | 627 | 58035 |

Shih-Chieh Hsu | 109 | 574 | 53162 |

John Veitch | 109 | 457 | 77938 |