About: Osun State University is a education organization based out in Osogbo, Nigeria. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Oxidative stress. The organization has 676 authors who have published 863 publications receiving 5434 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the inhibitory action of polyphenol-rich extracts (free and bound) of C. olitorius on α-amylase, α-glucosidase and angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE), as well as identifying the phenolic compound responsible for these activities were characterized.
Abstract: Corchorus olitorius leaf is consumed in various parts of the world as leafy vegetable and folk remedy for the management of some degenerative diseases with dearth of information on its biochemical rationale. Therefore, this study sought to characterize the inhibitory action of polyphenol-rich extracts (free and bound) of C. olitorius on α-amylase, α-glucosidase and angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE), as well as to identify the phenolic compound responsible for these activities. Our findings revealed that the extracts inhibited α-amylase and α-glucosidase (12.5–50.0 μg/mL), and ACE (10.0–50.0 μg/mL) in dose-dependently with free extracts having significantly ( P 50 . Reversed-phase HPLC analysis of the extracts revealed chlorogenic acid (7.5 mg/100 g) and isorhamnetin (51.1 mg/100 g) as the main phenolics in the free extract and caffeic acid (58.1 mg/100 g) in the bound extract. Therefore, the enzyme inhibitory activity of C. olitorius extracts may be attributed to the presence of caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and isorhamnetin, thus justifying its use in folklore for the management of diabetes and hypertension.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors reported the successful solid state synthesis of ZnO/NiFe2O4 nanocomposite by calcinations of both green synthesized Zn O nanorods and NiFe 2O4 prismatic nanorod at high temperature (850 °C) for ten hours.
Abstract: This work reports the successful solid state synthesis of ZnO/NiFe2O4 nanocomposite by calcinations of both green synthesized ZnO nanorods and NiFe2O4 prismatic nanorods at high temperature (850 °C) for ten hours. These nanomaterials were characterized for structural, functional groups and morphological studies using XRD, FTIR and SEM respectively. The photocatalytic activity of the catalysts was assessed through photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) dye. The photocatalytic studies reveal that the ZnO/NiFe2O4 nanocomposite exhibits high degradation efficiency under UV light. The study shows that in the removal of MB solution by ZnO/NiFe2O4 nanoparticles, OH and photoproduced holes h+ are the main species. Preparation of ZnO/NiFe2O4 nanocomposite by coupling of NiFe2O4 with green synthesized ZnO in solid state method is the novelty of this report. The synthesized recyclable ZnO/NiFe2O4 nanocomposite has potential applications in the treatment of both domestic and industrial waste water.
TL;DR: There was excellent correlation between the broth microdilution assay and detection of antibiotic resistance genes by the multiplex PCR, in the determination of S. aureus resistance to erythromycin, gentamicin, methicillin and tetracycline.
Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen causing a wide range of infections in the hospital and community setting. In order to have adequate information for treatment of S. aureus infections, it is crucial to understand the trends in the antibiotic-resistance patterns. In addition, the occurrence and changes in types of S. aureus, clonal identities, and their geographic spread is essential for the establishment of adequate infection control programmes. In this study, 68 S. aureus isolates obtained from clinical and non-clinical sources in Nigeria between January and April 2009 were characterized using phenotypic and molecular methods. All the S. aureus isolates were susceptible to teicoplanin, vancomycin, phosphomycin, fusidic acid, rifampicin, daptomycin, mupirocin, linezolid and tigecycline. Sixteen percent of the isolates were resistant to oxacillin, while 55% and 72% of isolates were resistant to tetracycline and trimethoprim/sulphamethoxazole (cotrimoxazole), respectively (Table 1). There was excellent correlation between the broth microdilution assay and detection of antibiotic resistance genes by the multiplex PCR, in the determination of S. aureus resistance to erythromycin, gentamicin, methicillin and tetracycline. A total of 28 spa types were identified in the study, and the predominant spa type among the methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) isolates was t084 (13 isolates). The t037-ST241-SCCmecIII type was the only clone identified in Maiduguri (North-East Nigeria) while in South-West Nigeria, diversity among the MRSA isolates (t451-ST8-SCCmecV; t008-ST94-SCCmecIV; t002-ST5-SCCmecV; t064-ST8-SCCmecV) was observed. The toxin genes seh and etd were detected in isolates affiliated with clonal complexes CC1, CC80 and sequence type ST25, respectively. The proportion of PVL-positive isolates among MSSA was high (40%). Most of the PVL-positive MSSA isolates were obtained from wound infections and associated with clonal complexes CC1, CC30, CC121 and with sequence type ST152. The use of phenotypic and molecular methods provided useful information on antibiotic resistance and molecular diversity of S. aureus in Nigeria. The high proportion of PVL-positive MSSA isolates affiliated to various clonal complexes and detected in all the health institutions is a major concern, both as a source of severe infections and as a potential reservoir that could lead to the emergence of PVL-positive MRSA. This study presents the first baseline information on the nature of the antibiotic resistance genes from S. aureus isolates in Nigeria. There is the need to curtail the spread and establishment of MRSA and PVL-positive MSSA clones in Nigerian health care institutions.
TL;DR: This review focus on collection of comprehensive information from recent developments in the synthesis, characterization and applications from previous scientific findings on biological method of synthesizing CuONPs due to the acclaimed advantages of been cheap, environmentally friendly, convenient and possibility of been scale up in into large scale production reported by numerous researchers.
Abstract: Recent development in nanoscience and nanotechnology has contributed to the wide applications of metal and metal oxides nanoparticles in several field of sciences, research institutes and industries. Among all metal oxides, copper oxide nanoparticles (CuONPs) has gained more attention due to its distinctive properties and applications. The high cost of reagents, equipment and environmental hazards associated with the physical and chemical methods of synthesizing CuONPs has been a major setback. In order to puffer solution to the aforementioned challenges by reducing environmental pollution and production of cheaper nanoparticles with good properties and efficiency, this review focus on collection of comprehensive information from recent developments in the synthesis, characterization and applications from previous scientific findings on biological method of synthesizing CuONPs due to the acclaimed advantages of been cheap, environmentally friendly, convenient and possibility of been scale up in into large scale production reported by numerous researchers. Our finding also support the synthesis of CuONPs from plant sources due to relative abundance of plants for the production of reducing and stabilizing agents required for CuONPs synthesis, potential efficiency of plant biomolecules in enhancing the toxicity effect of CuONPs against microbes, prevention of environmental pollution due of nontoxic chemicals and degradation effectiveness of CuONPs synthesized from plant sources. Furthermore, this study provide useful information on the rapid synthesis of CuONPs with desired properties from plant extracts.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors reported the biogenic synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the pod extract of Cola nitida, the evaluation of their antibacterial and antioxidant activities, and their application as an antimicrobial additive in paint.
Abstract: This work reports the biogenic synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the pod extract of Cola nitida , the evaluation of their antibacterial and antioxidant activities, and their application as an antimicrobial additive in paint. The AgNPs were characterized with UV–Vis spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The AgNP solution was dark brown with a maximum absorbance occurring at 431.5 nm. The FTIR spectrum showed strong peaks at 3336.85, 2073.48, and 1639.49 cm −1 , indicating that proteins acted as the capping and stabilization agents in the synthesis of the AgNPs. The AgNPs were spherical, with sizes ranging from 12 to 80 nm. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis showed that silver was the prominent metal present, while the selected area electron diffraction pattern conformed to the face-centred cubic phase and crystalline nature of AgNPs. At various concentrations between 50 and 150 μg/ml, the AgNPs showed strong inhibition of the growth of multidrug resistant strains of Klebsiella granulomatis , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , and Escherichia coli . In addition, at 5 μg/ml, the AgNPs completely inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Aspergillus niger , A. flavus and A. fumigatus in a paint-AgNP admixture. The AgNPs exhibited a potent antioxidant activity with an IC 50 of 43.98 μg/ml against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and a ferric ion reduction of 13.62–49.96% at concentrations of 20–100 μg/ml. This study has demonstrated the biogenic synthesis of AgNPs that have potent antimicrobial and antioxidant activities and potential biomedical and industrial applications. To the best of our knowledge, this work is the first to use the pod extract of C. nitida for the green synthesis of nanoparticles.
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|Adedayo O. Ademiluyi||29||94||3046|
|Monsuru A. Adeleke||14||63||612|
|Wasiu Olalekan Adebimpe||14||47||603|
|E. O. Asekun-Olarinmoye||13||38||541|
|Joseph A. Adeyemi||13||34||460|
|Olusanya Abiodun Olatunji||11||36||414|
|Durojaye A Soewu||10||12||280|
|Luqman K. Abidoye||10||24||251|
|Temi E. Ologunorisa||9||13||352|
|M A Isawumi||9||21||237|
|Omobolaji O. Ayandipo||9||49||510|
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