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Institution

Republic of Korea Army

GovernmentDaejeon, South Korea
About: Republic of Korea Army is a(n) government organization based out in Daejeon, South Korea. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Crisis communication & Mental health. The organization has 67 authors who have published 74 publication(s) receiving 513 citation(s). The organization is also known as: ROKA & ROK Army.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Recent advances in human and animal models of Atopic dermatitis are discussed, focusing on the defects of the epidermal permeability barrier, its immunologic role and barrier repair therapy in AD.
Abstract: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifactorial inflammatory skin disease perpetuated by gene-environmental interactions and which is characterized by genetic barrier defects and allergic inflammation. Recent studies demonstrate an important role for the epidermal permeability barrier in AD that is closely related to chronic immune activation in the skin during systemic allergic reactions. Moreover, acquired stressors (e.g., Staphylococcus aureus infection) to the skin barrier may also initiate inflammation in AD. Many studies involving patients with AD revealed that defective skin barriers combined with abnormal immune responses might contribute to the pathophysiology of AD, supporting the outside-inside hypothesis. In this review, we discuss the recent advances in human and animal models, focusing on the defects of the epidermal permeability barrier, its immunologic role and barrier repair therapy in AD.

75 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Composite preform fiber architectures range from the very simple to the complex, and the extremes are typified by parallel continuous fibers and complicated three-dimensional woven structures. Subsequent processing of these preforms to produce dense composites may depend critically on the geometry of the interfiber porosity. The goal of this study is to fully characterize the structure of a 0°/90° cloth layup preform using x-ray tomographic microscopy (XTM). This characterization includes the measurement of intercloth channel widths and their variability, the transverse distribution of through-cloth holes, and the distribution of preform porosity. The structure of the intercloth porosity depends critically on the magnitude and direction of the offset between adjacent cloth layers. The structures observed include two-dimensional networks of open pipes linking adjacent holes, arrays of parallel one-dimensional pipes linking holes, and relatively closed channels exhibiting little structure, and these different structures would appear to offer very different resistances to gas flow through the preform. These measurements, and future measurements for different fiber architectures, will yield improved understanding of the role of preform structure on processing.

41 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A reliable parcel delivery schedule using drones is proposed to consider the BCR as a function of payload in the operational planning optimization, which provides the least number of drones and their flight paths to deliver parcels while ensuring the safe return of the drones with respect to the battery charge level.
Abstract: This paper addresses the design of a parcel delivery system using drones, which includes the strategic planning of the system and operational planning for a given region. The amount of payload affects the battery consumption rate (BCR), which can cause a disruption in delivery of goods if the BCR was under-estimated in the planning stage or cause unnecessarily higher expenses if it was over-estimated. Hence, a reliable parcel delivery schedule using drones is proposed to consider the BCR as a function of payload in the operational planning optimization. A minimum set covering approach is used to model the strategic planning and a mixed integer linear programming problem (MILP) is used for operational planning. A variable preprocessing algorithm and primal and dual bound generation methods are developed to improve the computational time for solving the operational planning model. The optimal solution provides the least number of drones and their flight paths to deliver parcels while ensuring the safe return of the drones with respect to the battery charge level. Experimental data show that the BCR is a linear function of the payload amount. The results indicate the impact of including the BCR in drone scheduling, 3 out of 5 (60%) flight paths are not feasible if the BCR is not considered. The numerical results show that the sequence of visiting customers impacts the remaining charge.

36 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A distributed task allocation scheme based on resource welfare of which concept is adopted from economics is proposed to enable the UAV team to effectively utilize resources by balancing resource depletions and consequently be capable of smoothly responding to dynamic events by retaining more UAVs available.
Abstract: This paper addresses a task allocation problem for a team of UAVs that cooperatively performs a search and attack mission in an unknown region. The UAVs are heterogeneous carrying different types and amounts of munition resources, and limited in communications and sensing capabilities. The environment is highly uncertain and dynamic where no prior information is available and dynamic events such as UAV failures unpredictably occur. The objective of the mission is to maximize total reward obtained by destroying targets within a given mission horizon. A group of UAVs may need to be formed to attack a target because individual UAVs may not have sufficient resources for the execution of attack tasks. Instantaneous task allocation approaches that seek for optimal solution for current tasks cannot effectively account for the unpredictability of future tasks in the uncertain dynamic environment. In this paper, we propose a distributed task allocation scheme based on resource welfare of which concept is adopted from economics. The approach we present enables the UAV team to effectively utilize resources by balancing resource depletions and consequently be capable of smoothly responding to dynamic events by retaining more UAVs available. Simulation experiments were conducted in various conditions to evaluate the performance of the proposed approach in comparison with the instantaneous task allocation method. The results show that our approach improves the performance by up to 29.3 % with respect to the instantaneous task allocation method.

33 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The need for the development of tailored strategies to prevent asthma exacerbation events in different age groups is provided with the need for an age-stratified analysis of the short-term effects of environmental factors in Seoul Metropolitan City from 2008 and 2012.
Abstract: Background Although the different age groups had differences in sensitivity of asthma exacerbations (AEs) to environmental factors, no comprehensive study has examined the age-stratified effects of environmental factors on AEs. Objective We sought to examine the short-term effects in age-stratified groups (infants, preschool children, school-aged children, adults, and the elderly) of outdoor environmental factors (air pollutants, weather conditions, aeroallergens, and respiratory viral epidemics) on AEs. Methods We performed an age-stratified analysis of the short-term effects of 4 groups of outdoor environmental factors on AEs in Seoul Metropolitan City (Korea) from 2008 and 2012. The statistical analysis used a Poisson generalized linear regression model, with a distributed lag nonlinear model for identification of lagged and nonlinear effects and convergent cross-mapping for identification of causal associations. Results Analysis of the total population (n = 10,233,519) indicated there were 28,824 AE events requiring admission to an emergency department during the study period. Diurnal temperature range had significant effects in pediatric (infants, preschool children, and school-aged children) and elderly (relative risk [RR], 1.056-1.078 and 1.016, respectively) subjects. Tree and weed pollen, human rhinovirus, and influenza virus had significant effects in school-aged children (RR, 1.014, 1.040, 1.042, and 1.038, respectively). Tree pollen and influenza virus had significant effects in adults (RR, 1.026 and 1.044, respectively). Outdoor air pollutants (particulate matter of ≤10 μm in diameter, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide) had significant short-term effects in all age groups (except for carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide in infants). Conclusion These findings provide a need for the development of tailored strategies to prevent AE events in different age groups.

32 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202118
202011
20199
20184
20172
20162