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Shirshov Institute of Oceanology

FacilityMoscow, Russia
About: Shirshov Institute of Oceanology is a facility organization based out in Moscow, Russia. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Arctic & Geology. The organization has 2370 authors who have published 3935 publications receiving 68028 citations. The organization is also known as: Federal State Institution of Science Institute of Oceanology & P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology.
Topics: Arctic, Geology, Population, Sea ice, Phytoplankton

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Journal ArticleDOI
20 Apr 2007-Science
TL;DR: Olivine phenocrysts' compositions record differences in the contributions of pyroxenite-derived melts in mid-ocean ridge basalts, which imply involvement of 2 to 20% (up to 28%) of recycled crust in mantle melting.
Abstract: Plate tectonic processes introduce basaltic crust (as eclogite) into the peridotitic mantle. The proportions of these two sources in mantle melts are poorly understood. Silica-rich melts formed from eclogite react with peridotite, converting it to olivine-free pyroxenite. Partial melts of this hybrid pyroxenite are higher in nickel and silicon but poorer in manganese, calcium, and magnesium than melts of peridotite. Olivine phenocrysts' compositions record these differences and were used to quantify the contributions of pyroxenite-derived melts in mid-ocean ridge basalts (10 to 30%), ocean island and continental basalts (many >60%), and komatiites (20 to 30%). These results imply involvement of 2 to 20% (up to 28%) of recycled crust in mantle melting.

1,226 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: While the process is essentially ubiquitous in coastal areas, the assessment of its magnitude at any one location is subject to enough variability that measurements should be made by a variety of techniques and over large enough spatial and temporal scales to capture the majority of these changing conditions.

838 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Ward Appeltans1, Shane T. Ahyong2, Shane T. Ahyong3, Gary L. Anderson4, Martin V. Angel5, Tom Artois6, Nicolas Bailly7, Roger N. Bamber, Anthony Barber, Ilse Bartsch8, Annalisa Berta9, Magdalena Błażewicz-Paszkowycz, Phil Bock10, Geoff A. Boxshall11, Christopher B. Boyko12, Simone N. Brandão13, R. A. Bray11, Niel L. Bruce14, Niel L. Bruce15, Stephen D. Cairns16, Tin-Yam Chan17, Lanna Cheng18, Allen Gilbert Collins19, Thomas H. Cribb20, Marco Curini-Galletti21, Farid Dahdouh-Guebas22, Farid Dahdouh-Guebas23, Peter J. F. Davie24, Michael N Dawson25, Olivier De Clerck26, Wim Decock1, Sammy De Grave8, Nicole J. de Voogd27, Daryl P. Domning28, Christian C. Emig, Christer Erséus29, William N. Eschmeyer30, William N. Eschmeyer31, Kristian Fauchald16, Daphne G. Fautin8, Stephen W. Feist32, Charles H. J. M. Fransen27, Hidetaka Furuya33, Óscar García-Álvarez34, Sarah Gerken35, David I. Gibson11, Arjan Gittenberger27, Serge Gofas36, Liza Gómez-Daglio25, Dennis P. Gordon37, Michael D. Guiry38, Francisco Hernandez1, Bert W. Hoeksema27, Russell R. Hopcroft39, Damià Jaume40, Paul M. Kirk41, Nico Koedam22, Stefan Koenemann42, Jürgen B. Kolb43, Reinhardt Møbjerg Kristensen44, Andreas Kroh45, Gretchen Lambert46, David Lazarus47, Rafael Lemaitre16, Matt Longshaw32, Jim Lowry3, Enrique Macpherson40, Laurence P. Madin48, Christopher L. Mah16, Gill Mapstone11, Patsy A. McLaughlin49, Jan Mees1, Jan Mees26, Kenneth Meland50, Charles G. Messing51, Claudia E. Mills46, Tina N. Molodtsova52, Rich Mooi30, Birger Neuhaus47, Peter K. L. Ng53, Claus Nielsen44, Jon L. Norenburg16, Dennis M. Opresko16, Masayuki Osawa54, Gustav Paulay31, William F. Perrin19, John F. Pilger55, Gary C. B. Poore10, P.R. Pugh5, Geoffrey B. Read37, James Davis Reimer56, Marc Rius57, Rosana M. Rocha58, J.I. Saiz-Salinas59, Victor Scarabino, Bernd Schierwater60, Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa13, Kareen E. Schnabel37, Marilyn Schotte16, Peter Schuchert, Enrico Schwabe, Hendrik Segers61, Caryn Self-Sullivan51, Noa Shenkar62, Volker Siegel, Wolfgang Sterrer8, Sabine Stöhr63, Billie J. Swalla46, Mark L. Tasker64, Erik V. Thuesen65, Tarmo Timm66, M. Antonio Todaro, Xavier Turon40, Seth Tyler67, Peter Uetz68, Jacob van der Land27, Bart Vanhoorne1, Leen van Ofwegen27, Rob W. M. Van Soest27, Jan Vanaverbeke26, Genefor Walker-Smith10, T. Chad Walter16, Alan Warren11, Gary C. Williams30, Simon P. Wilson69, Mark J. Costello70 
Flanders Marine Institute1, University of New South Wales2, Australian Museum3, University of Southern Mississippi4, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton5, University of Hasselt6, WorldFish7, American Museum of Natural History8, San Diego State University9, Museum Victoria10, Natural History Museum11, Dowling College12, University of Hamburg13, James Cook University14, University of Johannesburg15, National Museum of Natural History16, National Taiwan Ocean University17, Scripps Institution of Oceanography18, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration19, University of Queensland20, University of Sassari21, Vrije Universiteit Brussel22, Université libre de Bruxelles23, Queensland Museum24, University of California, Merced25, Ghent University26, Naturalis27, Howard University28, University of Gothenburg29, California Academy of Sciences30, Florida Museum of Natural History31, Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science32, Osaka University33, University of Santiago de Compostela34, University of Alaska Anchorage35, University of Málaga36, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research37, National University of Ireland, Galway38, University of Alaska Fairbanks39, Spanish National Research Council40, CABI41, University of Siegen42, Massey University43, University of Copenhagen44, Naturhistorisches Museum45, University of Washington46, Museum für Naturkunde47, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution48, Western Washington University49, University of Bergen50, Nova Southeastern University51, Shirshov Institute of Oceanology52, National University of Singapore53, Shimane University54, Agnes Scott College55, University of the Ryukyus56, University of California, Davis57, Federal University of Paraná58, University of the Basque Country59, University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover60, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences61, Tel Aviv University62, Swedish Museum of Natural History63, Joint Nature Conservation Committee64, The Evergreen State College65, Estonian University of Life Sciences66, University of Maine67, Virginia Commonwealth University68, Trinity College, Dublin69, University of Auckland70
TL;DR: The first register of the marine species of the world is compiled and it is estimated that between one-third and two-thirds of marine species may be undescribed, and previous estimates of there being well over one million marine species appear highly unlikely.

822 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the B-property for two-dimensional domains with focusing and neutral regular components is proved and some examples of three and more dimensional domains with billiards obeying this property are also considered.
Abstract: For billiards in two dimensional domains with boundaries containing only focusing and neutral regular components and satisfacting some geometrical conditionsB-property is proved. Some examples of three and more dimensional domains with billiards obeying this property are also considered.

574 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, seasonal and annual constituent fluxes have been determined using consistent sampling and analytical methods at the pan-Arctic scale and consequently provide the best available estimates for constituent flux from land to the Arctic Ocean and surrounding seas.
Abstract: River inputs of nutrients and organic matter impact the biogeochemistry of arctic estuaries and the Arctic Ocean as a whole, yet there is considerable uncertainty about the magnitude of fluvial fluxes at the pan-Arctic scale. Samples from the six largest arctic rivers, with a combined watershed area of 11.3 × 106 km2, have revealed strong seasonal variations in constituent concentrations and fluxes within rivers as well as large differences among the rivers. Specifically, we investigate fluxes of dissolved organic carbon, dissolved organic nitrogen, total dissolved phosphorus, dissolved inorganic nitrogen, nitrate, and silica. This is the first time that seasonal and annual constituent fluxes have been determined using consistent sampling and analytical methods at the pan-Arctic scale and consequently provide the best available estimates for constituent flux from land to the Arctic Ocean and surrounding seas. Given the large inputs of river water to the relatively small Arctic Ocean and the dramatic impacts that climate change is having in the Arctic, it is particularly urgent that we establish the contemporary river fluxes so that we will be able to detect future changes and evaluate the impact of the changes on the biogeochemistry of the receiving coastal and ocean systems.

543 citations

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