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Institution

Suffolk University

EducationBoston, Massachusetts, United States
About: Suffolk University is a(n) education organization based out in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Population & Sugar beet. The organization has 6462 authors who have published 9321 publication(s) receiving 235328 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The empirical literature on charismatic or transformational leadership demonstrates that such leadership has profound effects on followers. However, while several versions of charismatic leadership theory predict such effects, none of them explains the process by which these effects are achieved. In this paper we seek to advance leadership theory by addressing this fundamental problem. We offer a self-concept based motivational theory to explain the process by which charismatic leader behaviors cause profound transformational effects on followers. The theory presents the argument that charismatic leadership has its effects by strongly engaging followers' self-concepts in the interest of the mission articulated by the leader. We derive from this theory testable propositions about a the behavior of charismatic leaders and their effects on followers, b the role of followers' values and orientations in the charismatic relationship, and c some of the organizational conditions that favor the emergence and effectiveness of charismatic leaders.

3,194 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Hyacinth S. Nwana1Institutions (1)
TL;DR: This overview paper presents a typology of agents, places agents in context, defines them and goes on, inter alia, to overview critically the rationales, hypotheses, goals, challenges and state-of-the-art demonstrators of the various agent types in this typology.
Abstract: Agent software is a rapidly developing area of research. However, the overuse of the word ‘agent’ has tended to mask the fact that, in reality, there is a truly heterogeneous body of research being carried out under this banner. This overview paper presents a typology of agents. Next, it places agents in context, defines them and then goes on, inter alia, to overview critically the rationales, hypotheses, goals, challenges and state-of-the-art demonstrators of the various agent types in our typology. Hence, it attempts to make explicit much of what is usually implicit in the agents literature. It also proceeds to overview some other general issues which pertain to all the types of agents in the typology. This paper largely reviews software agents, and it also contains some strong opinions that are not necessarily widely accepted by the agent community.

1,730 citations


Book ChapterDOI
D. H. Cushing1Institutions (1)
TL;DR: The match/mismatch hypothesis is given in this chapter to cover the subsequent development through larval life up to metamorphosis, and possibly just beyond and the limited conclusion drawn is that, investigations of fish larvae should continue to be a part of the study of population dynamics of fishes.
Abstract: Publisher Summary The degree of match and mismatch in the time of larval production and production of their food has been put forward as an explanation of part of the variability in recruitment to a stock of fish. The magnitude of recruitment is not completely determined until the year-class finally joins the adult stock, and the processes involved probably begin early in the life-history of the fish when both their growth and mortality rates are high. The match/mismatch hypothesis is given in this chapter to cover the subsequent development through larval life up to metamorphosis, and possibly just beyond. The match/mismatch hypothesis has now been extended to the upwelling areas and oceanic divergences equatorward of 40° latitude on the basis that fish in these regions release batches of eggs more frequently when they are well fed and, more generally, that pelagic fish may modify their reproductive strategies such that they can feed and spawn at the same time. A delay in predation is of great importance, particularly when production peaks in early development. This model illustrates the difficulties that occur when growth and mortality are allowed to interact. On the other hand, there are three consequences of the match/mismatch hypothesis that are presented in this chapter. However, the limited conclusion drawn in this chapter is that, investigations of fish larvae should continue to be a part of the study of population dynamics of fishes.

1,728 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The methodology encompasses a model of IQ, a questionnaire to measure IQ, and analysis techniques for interpreting the IQ measures, which are applied to analyze the gap between an organization and best practices.
Abstract: Information quality (IQ) is critical in organizations. Yet, despite a decade of active research and practice, the field lacks comprehensive methodologies for its assessment and improvement. Here, we develop such a methodology, which we call AIM quality (AIMQ) to form a basis for IQ assessment and benchmarking. The methodology is illustrated through its application to five major organizations. The methodology encompasses a model of IQ, a questionnaire to measure IQ, and analysis techniques for interpreting the IQ measures. We develop and validate the questionnaire and use it to collect data on the status of organizational IQ. These data are used to assess and benchmark IQ for four quadrants of the model. These analysis techniques are applied to analyze the gap between an organization and best practices. They are also applied to analyze gaps between IS professionals and information consumers. The results of the techniques are useful for determining the best area for IQ improvement activities.

1,426 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Fleura Bardhi1, Giana M. Eckhardt2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Access-based consumption, defined as transactions that can be market mediated but where no transfer of ownership takes place, is becoming increasingly popular, yet it is not well theorized. This study examines the nature of access as it contrasts to ownership and sharing, specifically the consumer-object, consumer-consumer, and consumer-marketer relationships. Six dimensions are identified to distinguish among the range of access-based consumptionscapes: temporality, anonymity, market mediation, consumer involvement, the type of accessed object, and political consumerism. Access-based consumption is examined in the context of car sharing via an interpretive study of Zipcar consumers. Four outcomes of these dimensions in the context of car sharing are identified: lack of identification, varying significance of use and sign value, negative reciprocity resulting in a big-brother model of governance, and a deterrence of brand community. The implications of our findings for understanding the nature of exchange, consumption, and brand community are discussed.

1,401 citations


Authors

Showing all 6462 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Peter Hall132164085019
Michael R. Hamblin11789959533
Miao Liu11199359811
Rosalind W. Picard10046144750
Simon Jennings9424029030
John A. Clark9444062221
Christopher Hawkes9342341658
Melanie J. Davies8981436939
Andrew Smith87102534127
Andrew Jones8369528290
Catherine E. Costello8241124811
Paul O'Brien7980828228
Rhys E. Green7828530428
Nicholas K. Dulvy7219322962
David L.H. Bennett6932217388
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
20224
2021451
2020466
2019369
2018325
2017317