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Institution

Swarthmore College

EducationSwarthmore, Pennsylvania, United States
About: Swarthmore College is a education organization based out in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Stars & Population. The organization has 1944 authors who have published 4088 publications receiving 172980 citations. The organization is also known as: Swat.
Topics: Stars, Population, Planet, Exoplanet, Liquid crystal


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the conditions of independence and lack of independence in the face of group pressure were investigated, and a disagreement between a group and one individual member about a clear and simple issue of fact.
Abstract: The investigations described in this series are concerned with the conditions of independence and lack of independence in the face of group pressure. The abstract temper of present-day theory and investigation in this region rests to a considerable degree on a neglect of the cognitive and emotional experiences that are part of the individual's psychological field. The understanding of social influences will require the study of a wide range of conditions and of the interrelated operations of different psychological functions. A group of seven to nine individuals was gathered in a classroom to take part in what appeared to be a simple experiment in visual discrimination. The subjects were all male, white college students, ranging in age from 17 to 25; the mean age was 20. For certain purposes a large number of critical subjects was required for the present experiment. The present report is based on a total of 123 subjects. The task consisted of the comparison of a standard line with three other lines, one of which was equal in length to the standard. We investigated some of the conditions responsible for independence and lack of independence in the face of arbitrary group pressure. To this end we produced a disagreement between a group and one individual member about a clear and simple issue of fact. The interview, which followed the experimental session, provided qualitative evidence concerning the effects produced by the majority, The particular properties of the experimental situation and their relation to more usual social contradictions were described. Fulltext Preview (Small, Large) PDF (4.7 MB) First Page Preview Studies of Independence and Conformity: I. A Minority of O... http://www.psycontent.com/content/h128830k244141t6/?print... 1 di 2 24/03/14 10:05

3,608 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

3,395 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a 4-phase model of interest development, which describes four phases in the development and deepening of learner interest: triggered situational interest, maintained interest, emerging (less developed) individual interest, and well-developed individual interest.
Abstract: Building on and extending existing research, this article proposes a 4-phase model of interest development. The model describes 4 phases in the development and deepening of learner interest: triggered situational interest, maintained situational interest, emerging (less-developed) individual interest, and well-developed individual interest. Affective as well as cognitive factors are considered. Educational implications of the proposed model are identified.

3,014 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors found that gender, age, height, and parental background have an economically significant impact on willingness to take risks, and the question about risk taking in general generates the best all-round predictor of risky behavior.
Abstract: This paper studies risk attitudes using a large representative survey and a complementary experiment conducted with a representative subject pool in subjects’ homes. Using a question asking people about their willingness to take risks \"in general\", we find that gender, age, height, and parental background have an economically significant impact on willingness to take risks. The experiment confirms the behavioral validity of this measure, using paid lottery choices. Turning to other questions about risk attitudes in specific contexts, we find similar results on the determinants of risk attitudes, and also shed light on the deeper question of stability of risk attitudes across contexts. We conduct a horse race of the ability of different measures to explain risky behaviors such as holdings stocks, occupational choice, and smoking. The question about risk taking in general generates the best all-round predictor of risky behavior.

2,539 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 1991
TL;DR: The Self Under Siege: From the Romantic to the Modern Vision of Self as mentioned in this paper, Social Saturation and the Populated Self * Truth in Trouble * The Emergence of Post Modern Culture * From Self to Relationship * A Collage of Postmodern Life * Self-Renewal and Sincerity * Reckoning and Relativity
Abstract: * The Self Under Siege * From the Romantic to the Modern Vision of Self * Social Saturation and the Populated Self * Truth in Trouble * The Emergence of Postmodern Culture * From Self to Relationship * A Collage of Postmodern Life * Self-Renewal and Sincerity * Reckoning and Relativity

2,252 citations


Authors

Showing all 1973 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
John F. Hartwig14571466472
Rocky S. Tuan10952842654
Arjun G. Yodh9860636112
Ignacio Tinoco9030730855
David T. Denhardt7727026428
Kenneth J. Gergen7737836090
Aaron M. Ellison7032321928
Benjamin G. Druss7024019059
Carolyn J. Anderson6430714052
Alice M. Isen589125094
Helene C. Muller-Landau5713217304
Jacob Weiner5514614949
Shimshon Belkin542058674
Erik Rosolowsky522297209
J. Andrew Bagnell5216916302
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
202312
202229
2021210
2020180
2019219
2018162