About: Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology is a facility organization based out in Dübendorf, Switzerland. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Thin film & Microstructure. The organization has 3967 authors who have published 9963 publications receiving 351343 citations. The organization is also known as: Eidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt & EMPA.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Recent developments in the search for innovative materials with high hydrogen-storage capacity are presented.
Abstract: Mobility — the transport of people and goods — is a socioeconomic reality that will surely increase in the coming years. It should be safe, economic and reasonably clean. Little energy needs to be expended to overcome potential energy changes, but a great deal is lost through friction (for cars about 10 kWh per 100 km) and low-efficiency energy conversion. Vehicles can be run either by connecting them to a continuous supply of energy or by storing energy on board. Hydrogen would be ideal as a synthetic fuel because it is lightweight, highly abundant and its oxidation product (water) is environmentally benign, but storage remains a problem. Here we present recent developments in the search for innovative materials with high hydrogen-storage capacity.
TL;DR: The compelling combination of enhanced optical properties and chemical robustness makes CsPbX3 nanocrystals appealing for optoelectronic applications, particularly for blue and green spectral regions (410–530 nm), where typical metal chalcogenide-based quantum dots suffer from photodegradation.
Abstract: Metal halides perovskites, such as hybrid organic–inorganic CH3NH3PbI3, are newcomer optoelectronic materials that have attracted enormous attention as solution-deposited absorbing layers in solar cells with power conversion efficiencies reaching 20%. Herein we demonstrate a new avenue for halide perovskites by designing highly luminescent perovskite-based colloidal quantum dot materials. We have synthesized monodisperse colloidal nanocubes (4–15 nm edge lengths) of fully inorganic cesium lead halide perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I or mixed halide systems Cl/Br and Br/I) using inexpensive commercial precursors. Through compositional modulations and quantum size-effects, the bandgap energies and emission spectra are readily tunable over the entire visible spectral region of 410–700 nm. The photoluminescence of CsPbX3 nanocrystals is characterized by narrow emission line-widths of 12–42 nm, wide color gamut covering up to 140% of the NTSC color standard, high quantum yields of up to 90%, and radiativ...
University of Colorado Boulder1, Carnegie Mellon University2, Paul Scherrer Institute3, University at Albany, SUNY4, University of California, Berkeley5, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology6, University of California, Davis7, State University of New York System8, University of Eastern Finland9, Finnish Meteorological Institute10, University of Helsinki11, Stockholm University12, Texas A&M University13, Max Planck Society14, University of Tokyo15, University of New Hampshire16, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration17
TL;DR: A unifying model framework describing the atmospheric evolution of OA that is constrained by high–time-resolution measurements of its composition, volatility, and oxidation state is presented, which can serve as a basis for improving parameterizations in regional and global models.
Abstract: Organic aerosol (OA) particles affect climate forcing and human health, but their sources and evolution remain poorly characterized. We present a unifying model framework describing the atmospheric evolution of OA that is constrained by high-time-resolution measurements of its composition, volatility, and oxidation state. OA and OA precursor gases evolve by becoming increasingly oxidized, less volatile, and more hygroscopic, leading to the formation of oxygenated organic aerosol (OOA), with concentrations comparable to those of sulfate aerosol throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Our model framework captures the dynamic aging behavior observed in both the atmosphere and laboratory: It can serve as a basis for improving parameterizations in regional and global models.
TL;DR: Cai et al. as discussed by the authors used a surface-assisted coupling of the precursors into linear polyphenylenes and their subsequent cyclodehydrogenation to produce GNRs of different topologies and widths.
Abstract: Graphene nanoribbons, narrow straight-edged strips of the single-atom-thick sheet form of carbon, are predicted to exhibit remarkable properties, making them suitable for future electronic applications. Before this potential can be realized, more chemically precise methods of production will be required. Cai et al. report a step towards that goal with the development of a bottom-up fabrication method that produces atomically precise graphene nanoribbons of different topologies and widths. The process involves the deposition of precursor monomers with structures that 'encode' the topology and width of the desired ribbon end-product onto a metal surface. Surface-assisted coupling of the precursors into linear polyphenylenes is then followed by cyclodehydrogenation. Given the method's versatility and precision, it could even provide a route to more unusual graphene nanoribbon structures with tuned chemical and electronic properties. Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) have structure-dependent electronic properties that make them attractive for the fabrication of nanoscale electronic devices, but exploiting this potential has been hindered by the lack of precise production methods. Here the authors demonstrate how to reliably produce different GNRs, using precursor monomers that encode the structure of the targeted nanoribbon and are converted into GNRs by means of surface-assisted coupling. Graphene nanoribbons—narrow and straight-edged stripes of graphene, or single-layer graphite—are predicted to exhibit electronic properties that make them attractive for the fabrication of nanoscale electronic devices1,2,3. In particular, although the two-dimensional parent material graphene4,5 exhibits semimetallic behaviour, quantum confinement and edge effects2,6 should render all graphene nanoribbons with widths smaller than 10 nm semiconducting. But exploring the potential of graphene nanoribbons is hampered by their limited availability: although they have been made using chemical7,8,9, sonochemical10 and lithographic11,12 methods as well as through the unzipping of carbon nanotubes13,14,15,16, the reliable production of graphene nanoribbons smaller than 10 nm with chemical precision remains a significant challenge. Here we report a simple method for the production of atomically precise graphene nanoribbons of different topologies and widths, which uses surface-assisted coupling17,18 of molecular precursors into linear polyphenylenes and their subsequent cyclodehydrogenation19,20. The topology, width and edge periphery of the graphene nanoribbon products are defined by the structure of the precursor monomers, which can be designed to give access to a wide range of different graphene nanoribbons. We expect that our bottom-up approach to the atomically precise fabrication of graphene nanoribbons will finally enable detailed experimental investigations of the properties of this exciting class of materials. It should even provide a route to graphene nanoribbon structures with engineered chemical and electronic properties, including the theoretically predicted intraribbon quantum dots21, superlattice structures22 and magnetic devices based on specific graphene nanoribbon edge states3.
TL;DR: Polymers are by far the most utilized class of materials for AM and their design, additives, and processing parameters as they relate to enhancing build speed and improving accuracy, functionality, surface finish, stability, mechanical properties, and porosity are addressed.
Abstract: Additive manufacturing (AM) alias 3D printing translates computer-aided design (CAD) virtual 3D models into physical objects. By digital slicing of CAD, 3D scan, or tomography data, AM builds objects layer by layer without the need for molds or machining. AM enables decentralized fabrication of customized objects on demand by exploiting digital information storage and retrieval via the Internet. The ongoing transition from rapid prototyping to rapid manufacturing prompts new challenges for mechanical engineers and materials scientists alike. Because polymers are by far the most utilized class of materials for AM, this Review focuses on polymer processing and the development of polymers and advanced polymer systems specifically for AM. AM techniques covered include vat photopolymerization (stereolithography), powder bed fusion (SLS), material and binder jetting (inkjet and aerosol 3D printing), sheet lamination (LOM), extrusion (FDM, 3D dispensing, 3D fiber deposition, and 3D plotting), and 3D bioprinting....
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|Maksym V. Kovalenko||81||360||34805|
|Nicholas D. Spencer||79||409||21360|
|Shin Ichi Orimo||68||378||17163|
|Kevin V. Thomas||67||298||16502|
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