About: Tata Motors is a company organization based out in Mumbai, India. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Noise & Diesel fuel. The organization has 666 authors who have published 504 publications receiving 2794 citations. The organization is also known as: Tata Motors Ltd & Tata Motors Limited.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, a three-dimensional transient electro-thermal model has been implemented based on a finite volume method to model the time-dependent, thermal behavior of a Li-ion polymer cell.
Abstract: Time-dependent, thermal behaviour of a lithium-ion (Li-ion) polymer cell has been modelled for electric vehicle (EV) drive cycles with a view to developing an effective battery thermal management system. The fully coupled, three-dimensional transient electro-thermal model has been implemented based on a finite volume method. To support the numerical study, a high energy density Li-ion polymer pouch cell was tested in a climatic chamber for electric load cycles consisting of various charge and discharge rates, and a good agreement was found between the model predictions and the experimental data. The cell-level thermal behaviour under stressful conditions such as high power draw and high ambient temperature was predicted with the model. A significant temperature increase was observed in the stressful condition, corresponding to a repeated acceleration and deceleration, indicating that an effective battery thermal management system would be required to maintain the optimal cell performance and also to achieve a full battery lifesapn.
TL;DR: In this paper, an experimental investigation has been carried out using hydrogen in the dual fuel mode in a Diesel engine system, where hydrogen fuel was injected into the intake port while Diesel was injected directly inside the combustion chamber during the compression stroke.
Abstract: Automobiles are one of the major sources of air pollution in the environment. In addition CO2 emission, a product of complete combustion also has become a serious issue due to global warming effect. Hence the search for cleaner alternative fuels has become mandatory. Hydrogen is expected to be one of the most important fuels in the near future for solving the problems of air pollution and greenhouse gas problems (carbon dioxide), thereby protecting the environment. Hence in the present work, an experimental investigation has been carried out using hydrogen in the dual fuel mode in a Diesel engine system. In the study, a Diesel engine was converted into a dual fuel engine and hydrogen fuel was injected into the intake port while Diesel was injected directly inside the combustion chamber during the compression stroke. Diesel injected inside the combustion chamber will undergo combustion first which in-turn would ignite the hydrogen that will also assist the Diesel combustion. Using electronic control unit (ECU), the injection timings and injection durations were varied for hydrogen injection while for Diesel the injection timing was 23° crank angle (CA) before injection top dead centre (BITDC). Based on the performance, combustion and emission characteristics, the optimized injection timing was found to be 5° CA before gas exchange top dead centre (BGTDC) with injection duration of 30° CA for hydrogen Diesel dual fuel operation. The optimum hydrogen flow rate was found to be 7.5 lpm. Results indicate that the brake thermal efficiency in hydrogen Diesel dual fuel operation increases by 15% compared to Diesel fuel at 75% load. The NOX emissions were higher by 1–2% in dual fuel operation at full load compared to Diesel. Smoke emissions are lower in the entire load spectra due to the absence of carbon in hydrogen fuel. The carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions were lesser in hydrogen Diesel dual fuel operation compared to Diesel. The use of hydrogen in the dual fuel mode in a Diesel engine improves the performance and reduces the exhaust emissions from the engine except for HC and NOX emissions.
TL;DR: In this article, the effect of biodiesel molecular weight, structure (Cis & Trans), and the number of double bonds on the diesel engine operation characteristics was investigated, and the results showed that Linseed oil methyl ester with high linolenic (unsaturated fatty acid ester) does not suit best for diesel engine due to high oxides of nitrogen emission and low thermal efficiency.
Abstract: Several research works have been carried out on biodiesel combustion, performance and emissions till today. But very few studies have been made about the chemistry of biodiesel that affects the diesel engine operation. Biodiesel is derived from vegetable oil or animal fats, which comprises of several fatty acids with different chain length and bonding. The present work focuses on the effect of biodiesel molecular weight, structure (Cis & Trans), and the number of double bonds on the diesel engine operation characteristics. Three types of biodiesel with different molecular weight and number of double bond were selected for the experimental studies. The biodiesels were prepared and analyzed for fuel properties according to the standards. A constant speed diesel engine, which develops 4.4 kW of power, was run with biodiesels and its performance was compared with diesel fuel. The results show that Linseed oil methyl ester with high linolenic (unsaturated fatty acid ester) does not suit best for diesel engine due to high oxides of nitrogen emission and low thermal efficiency.
TL;DR: In this article, Mahua oil was transesterified using methanol in the presence of alkali catalyst and was used to study the performance and emission characteristics of the biodiesel.
Abstract: Biodiesel is a fatty acid alkyl ester, which is renewable, biodegradable and non-toxic fuel which can be derived from any vegetable oil by transesterification. One of the popularly used biodiesel in India is Mahua oil (Madhuca Indica). In the present investigation Mahua oil was transesterified using methanol in the presence of alkali catalyst and was used to study the performance and emission characteristics. The biodiesel was tested on a single cylinder, four stroke compression ignition engine. Engine performance tests showed that power loss was around 13% combined with 20% increase in fuel consumption with Mahua oil methyl ester at full load. Emissions such as carbon monoxide, hydrocarbon were lesser for Mahua ester compared to diesel by 26% and 20% respectively. Oxides of nitrogen were lesser by 4% for the ester compared to diesel.
TL;DR: In this article, the performance of the Savonius hydrokinetic turbine (SHT) has been evaluated through simulation and experimental and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis.
Abstract: The drag-based Savonius hydrokinetic turbine (SHT) has an enormous potential for small-scale power generation from free-flowing water and it can be deployed especially at sites remote from existing electricity grids. These turbines can be installed in waves, tides, ocean currents, natural flow of water in rivers, manmade channels and irrigation canals to produce power. The performance of a SHT are highly influenced by its design parameters such as blade profile, number of blades, overlap ratio and aspect ratio. Although, over a period of nine dacade since its invention, serveral studies have been carried out, however, no particular concencus on the optimum design of SHT is arrived. In view of this, in the present investigation, as attempt has been made to parametrically evaluate the performance of the SHT through experimental and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis. The SHT under investigation has been developed in-house. Initially, a comparison of performance between two- and three-bladed SHT with conventional semicircular blades has been carried out experimentally where their maximum power coefficients are found to be 0.28 and 0.17, respectively at their corresponding tip-speed ratios of 0.84 and 0.67. Further experiments with a two-bladed SHT turbine with elliptical blades have shown its inferior performance as compared to the two-bladed semicircular SHT. The reason behind the enhanced performance of the two-bladed semicircular SHT is then analyzed through two-dimensional CFD simulations. Finally, the experiments are conducted at various immersion levels, where the performances of the SHTs are found to degrade with a decrease in immersion. However, the two-bladed semicircular SHT maintains to have a better performance than the others.
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|Manoj Kumar Tiwari||60||428||15084|
|Darshan G. Pahinkar||8||21||141|
|Ajay Kumar Bakhla||5||8||57|
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