About: Toin University of Yokohama is a education organization based out in Yokohama, Japan. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Perovskite (structure) & Polyethylene glycol. The organization has 492 authors who have published 798 publications receiving 37619 citations. The organization is also known as: Tōin Yokohama Daigaku & Toin Yokohama Daigaku.
Topics: Perovskite (structure), Polyethylene glycol, Langmuir–Blodgett film, Dye-sensitized solar cell, Genetic programming
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Two organolead halide perovskite nanocrystals were found to efficiently sensitize TiO(2) for visible-light conversion in photoelectrochemical cells, which exhibit strong band-gap absorptions as semiconductors.
Abstract: Two organolead halide perovskite nanocrystals, CH3NH3PbBr3 and CH3NH3PbI3, were found to efficiently sensitize TiO2 for visible-light conversion in photoelectrochemical cells. When self-assembled on mesoporous TiO2 films, the nanocrystalline perovskites exhibit strong band-gap absorptions as semiconductors. The CH3NH3PbI3-based photocell with spectral sensitivity of up to 800 nm yielded a solar energy conversion efficiency of 3.8%. The CH3NH3PbBr3-based cell showed a high photovoltage of 0.96 V with an external quantum conversion efficiency of 65%.
TL;DR: A low-cost, solution-processable solar cell, based on a highly crystalline perovskite absorber with intense visible to near-infrared absorptivity, that has a power conversion efficiency of 10.9% in a single-junction device under simulated full sunlight is reported.
Abstract: The energy costs associated with separating tightly bound excitons (photoinduced electron-hole pairs) and extracting free charges from highly disordered low-mobility networks represent fundamental losses for many low-cost photovoltaic technologies. We report a low-cost, solution-processable solar cell, based on a highly crystalline perovskite absorber with intense visible to near-infrared absorptivity, that has a power conversion efficiency of 10.9% in a single-junction device under simulated full sunlight. This "meso-superstructured solar cell" exhibits exceptionally few fundamental energy losses; it can generate open-circuit photovoltages of more than 1.1 volts, despite the relatively narrow absorber band gap of 1.55 electron volts. The functionality arises from the use of mesoporous alumina as an inert scaffold that structures the absorber and forces electrons to reside in and be transported through the perovskite.
TL;DR: Park et al. as discussed by the authors proposed a reproducible manufacturing method for perovskite solar cells, as well as routes to manage grain boundaries and interfacial charge transport to achieve long-term stability.
Abstract: Solar cells employing a halide perovskite with an organic cation now show power conversion efficiency of up to 22%. However, these cells are facing issues towards commercialization, such as the need to achieve long-term stability and the development of a manufacturing method for the reproducible fabrication of high-performance devices. Here, we propose a strategy to obtain stable and commercially viable perovskite solar cells. A reproducible manufacturing method is suggested, as well as routes to manage grain boundaries and interfacial charge transport. Electroluminescence is regarded as a metric to gauge theoretical efficiency. We highlight how optimizing the design of device architectures is important not only for achieving high efficiency but also for hysteresis-free and stable performance. We argue that reliable device characterization is needed to ensure the advance of this technology towards practical applications. We believe that perovskite-based devices can be competitive with silicon solar modules, and discuss issues related to the safe management of toxic material. Perovskite solar cells have emerged as a potential low-cost alternative to existing technologies. In this Perspective, Park et al. explore a strategy for the commercialisation of perovskite solar cells.
TL;DR: In this article, a carbon-black-loaded stainless steel electrode was used as a counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells, achieving high photovoltaic performance.
Abstract: Counter electrodes (CEs) of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) can be prepared with different materials and methods. This review covers recent research on CEs using platinum, graphite, activated carbon, carbon black, single-wall carbon nanotubes, poly( 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), polypyrrole, and polyaniline as catalysts for reduction of triiodide. Moreover, for the ultimate in low-cost counter electrodes, we have prepared a carbon-black-loaded stainless steel electrode for use as a novel CE. This counter electrode exhibits good photovoltaic performance; the efficiency reaches 9.15% (16.3 mA cm(-2) J(sc), 785 mV V-oc, and 71.4% fill factor) with SUS-316 stainless steel, equivalent to the performance with an FTO-glass substrate. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.
TL;DR: In this article, a method to reproduce stable and high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of a triple cation perovskite prepared using a one-step solution deposition and low-temperature annealing fully conducted in controlled ambient humidity conditions was explored.
Abstract: Perovskite solar cells have evolved to have compatible high efficiency and stability by employing mixed cation/halide type perovskite crystals as pinhole-free large grain absorbers. The cesium (Cs)–formamidium–methylammonium triple cation-based perovskite device fabricated in a glove box enables reproducible high-voltage performance. This study explores the method to reproduce stable and high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of a triple cation perovskite prepared using a one-step solution deposition and low-temperature annealing fully conducted in controlled ambient humidity conditions. Optimizing the perovskite grain size by Cs concentration and solution processes, a route is created to obtain highly uniform, pinhole-free large grain perovskite films that work with reproducible PCE up to 20.8% and high preservation stability without cell encapsulation for more than 18 weeks. This study further investigates the light intensity characteristics of open-circuit voltage (Voc) of small (5 × 5 mm2, PCE > 20%) and large (10 × 10 mm2, PCE of 18%) devices. Intensity dependence of Voc shows an ideality factor in the range of 1.7-1.9 for both devices, implying that the triple cation perovskite involves trap-assisted recombination loss at the hetero junction interfaces that influences Voc. Despite relatively high ideality factor, perovskite device is capable of supplying high power conversion efficiency under low light intensity (0.01 Sun) whereas maintaining Voc over 0.9 V.
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