Universiti Teknologi Petronas
About: Universiti Teknologi Petronas is a(n) education organization based out in Ipoh, Malaysia. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Adsorption & Ionic liquid. The organization has 6127 authors who have published 11284 publication(s) receiving 119400 citation(s).
Topics: Adsorption, Ionic liquid, Membrane, Catalysis, Nanofluid
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a comprehensive and significant research conducted on state-of-the-art intelligent control systems for energy and comfort management in smart energy buildings (SEB's).
Abstract: Buildings all around the world consume a significant amount of energy, which is more or less one-third of the total primary energy resources. This has raised concerns over energy supplies, rapid energy resource depletion, rising building service demands, improved comfort life styles along with the increased time spent in buildings; consequently, this has shown a rising energy demand in the near future. However, contemporary buildings’ energy efficiency has been fast tracked solution to cope/limit the rising energy demand of this sector. Building energy efficiency has turned out to be a multi-faceted problem, when provided with the limitation for the satisfaction of the indoor comfort index. However, the comfort level for occupants and their behavior have a significant effect on the energy consumption pattern. It is generally perceived that energy unaware activities can also add one-third to the building’s energy performance. Researchers and investigators have been working with this issue for over a decade; yet it remains a challenge. This review paper presents a comprehensive and significant research conducted on state-of-the-art intelligent control systems for energy and comfort management in smart energy buildings (SEB’s). It also aims at providing a building research community for better understanding and up-to-date knowledge for energy and comfort related trends and future directions. The main table summarizes 121 works closely related to the mentioned issue. Key areas focused on include comfort parameters, control systems, intelligent computational methods, simulation tools, occupants’ behavior and preferences, building types, supply source considerations and countries research interest in this sector. Trends for future developments and existing research in this area have been broadly studied and depicted in a graphical layout. In addition, prospective future advancements and gaps have also been discussed comprehensively.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors provide a comprehensive and systematic literature review of Artificial Intelligence based short-term load forecasting techniques and provide the major objective of this study is to review, identify, evaluate and analyze the performance of artificial Intelligence based load forecast models and research gaps.
Abstract: Electrical load forecasting plays a vital role in order to achieve the concept of next generation power system such as smart grid, efficient energy management and better power system planning. As a result, high forecast accuracy is required for multiple time horizons that are associated with regulation, dispatching, scheduling and unit commitment of power grid. Artificial Intelligence (AI) based techniques are being developed and deployed worldwide in on Varity of applications, because of its superior capability to handle the complex input and output relationship. This paper provides the comprehensive and systematic literature review of Artificial Intelligence based short term load forecasting techniques. The major objective of this study is to review, identify, evaluate and analyze the performance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) based load forecast models and research gaps. The accuracy of ANN based forecast model is found to be dependent on number of parameters such as forecast model architecture, input combination, activation functions and training algorithm of the network and other exogenous variables affecting on forecast model inputs. Published literature presented in this paper show the potential of AI techniques for effective load forecasting in order to achieve the concept of smart grid and buildings.
TL;DR: The development of CRCU is a green technology that not only reduces nitrogen loss caused by volatilization and leaching, but also alters the kinetics of nitrogen release, which provides nutrients to plants at a pace that is more compatible with their metabolic needs.
Abstract: With the exponential growth of the global population, the agricultural sector is bound to use ever larger quantities of fertilizers to augment the food supply, which consequently increases food production costs. Urea, when applied to crops is vulnerable to losses from volatilization and leaching. Current methods also reduce nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) by plants which limits crop yields and, moreover, contributes towards environmental pollution in terms of hazardous gaseous emissions and water eutrophication. An approach that offsets this pollution while also enhancing NUE is the use of controlled release urea (CRU) for which several methods and materials have been reported. The physical intromission of urea granules in an appropriate coating material is one such technique that produces controlled release coated urea (CRCU). The development of CRCU is a green technology that not only reduces nitrogen loss caused by volatilization and leaching, but also alters the kinetics of nitrogen release, which, in turn, provides nutrients to plants at a pace that is more compatible with their metabolic needs. This review covers the research quantum regarding the physical coating of original urea granules. Special emphasis is placed on the latest coating methods as well as release experiments and mechanisms with an integrated critical analyses followed by suggestions for future research.
TL;DR: In this paper, the capability of poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) in the treatment of stabilized leachate from Pulau Burung Landfill Site (PBLS), Penang, Malaysia was studied.
Abstract: Coagulation-flocculation is a relatively simple physical-chemical technique in treatment of old and stabilized leachate which has been practiced using a variety of conventional coagulants. Polymeric forms of metal coagulants which are increasingly applied in water treatment are not well documented in leachate treatment. In this research, capability of poly-aluminum chloride (PAC) in the treatment of stabilized leachate from Pulau Burung Landfill Site (PBLS), Penang, Malaysia was studied. The removal efficiencies for chemical oxygen demand (COD), turbidity, color and total suspended solid (TSS) obtained using PAC were compared with those obtained using alum as a conventional coagulant. Central composite design (CCD) and response surface method (RSM) were applied to optimize the operating variables viz. coagulant dosage and pH. Quadratic models developed for the four responses (COD, turbidity, color and TSS) studied indicated the optimum conditions to be PAC dosage of 2g/L at pH 7.5 and alum dosage of 9.5 g/L at pH 7. The experimental data and model predictions agreed well. COD, turbidity, color and TSS removal efficiencies of 43.1, 94.0, 90.7, and 92.2% for PAC, and 62.8, 88.4, 86.4, and 90.1% for alum were demonstrated.
01 Mar 2010-Desalination
TL;DR: In this paper, the degradation of amoxicillin, ampicillin and cloxacillin in aqueous solution by TiO2 photocatalysis under UVA (365 nm) irradiation was studied.
Abstract: Degradation of amoxicillin, ampicillin and cloxacillin antibiotics in aqueous solution by TiO2 photocatalysis under UVA (365 nm) irradiation was studied. Enhancement of photocatalysis by addition of H2O2 was also evaluated. The results showed that no significant degradation occurred by 300-min UVA irradiation per se and pH had a great effect on antibiotic degradation. Photocatalytic reactions approximately followed a pseudo-first order kinetics and the rate constants (k) were 0.007, 0.003 and 0.029 min− 1 for amoxicillin, ampicillin and cloxacillin, respectively. Addition of H2O2 at ambient pH ∼ 5 and TiO2 1.0 g/L resulted in complete degradation of amoxicillin, ampicillin and cloxacillin in 30 min. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal, and nitrate (NO3−), ammonia (NH3) and sulphate (SO42−) formation during degradation indicated mineralization of organic carbon, nitrogen and sulphur. UV/H2O2/TiO2 photocatalysis is effective for degradation of amoxicillin, ampicillin and cloxacillin in aqueous solution.
Showing all 6127 results
|Markus P. Schlaich||74||472||25674|
|Keat Teong Lee||71||276||16745|
|Abdul Latif Ahmad||68||490||22012|
|Cor J. Peters||52||262||9472|
|Hamidi Abdul Aziz||49||345||9083|
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