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Institution

University of Oxford

EducationOxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
About: University of Oxford is a(n) education organization based out in Oxford, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Population & Galaxy. The organization has 99713 authors who have published 258108 publication(s) receiving 12972806 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Oxford University & Oxon..
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Book
01 Jan 2000-
Abstract: From the Publisher: A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Recent major developments in the theory and practice of scene reconstruction are described in detail in a unified framework. The book covers the geometric principles and how to represent objects algebraically so they can be computed and applied. The authors provide comprehensive background material and explain how to apply the methods and implement the algorithms directly.

15,158 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An instrument to assess the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in pain research is described and its use to determine the effect of rater blinding on the assessments of quality is described.
Abstract: It has been suggested that the quality of clinical trials should be assessed by blinded raters to limit the risk of introducing bias into meta-analyses and systematic reviews, and into the peer-review process There is very little evidence in the literature to substantiate this This study describes the development of an instrument to assess the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in pain research and its use to determine the effect of rater blinding on the assessments of quality A multidisciplinary panel of six judges produced an initial version of the instrument Fourteen raters from three different backgrounds assessed the quality of 36 research reports in pain research, selected from three different samples Seven were allocated randomly to perform the assessments under blind conditions The final version of the instrument included three items These items were scored consistently by all the raters regardless of background and could discriminate between reports from the different samples Blind assessments produced significantly lower and more consistent scores than open assessments The implications of this finding for systematic reviews, meta-analytic research and the peer-review process are discussed

14,663 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Scholars of the theory of the firm have begun to emphasize the sources and conditions of what has been described as “the organizational advantage,” rather than focus on the causes and consequences of market failure. Typically, researchers see such organizational advantage as accruing from the particular capabilities organizations have for creating and sharing knowledge. In this article we seek to contribute to this body of work by developing the following arguments: (1) social capital facilitates the creation of new intellectual capital; (2) organizations, as institutional settings, are conducive to the development of high levels of social capital; and (3) it is because of their more dense social capital that firms, within certain limits, have an advantage over markets in creating and sharing intellectual capital. We present a model that incorporates this overall argument in the form of a series of hypothesized relationships between different dimensions of social capital and the main mechanisms and proces...

14,279 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
K. Burton1
TL;DR: The present study arose from the observation that a more intense colour was sometimes produced if, instead of being heated at 1000 for 10 min., the reaction mixture was allowed to stand overnight at room temperature.
Abstract: Of the colour reactions available for the determination and identification of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the reaction with diphenylamine in a mixture of acetic and sulphuric acids at 1000 (Dische, 1930) has been perhaps the most widely used. The present study arose from the observation that a more intense colour was sometimes produced if, instead of being heated at 1000 for 10 min., the reaction mixture was allowed to stand overnight at room temperature. As a result of this observation the procedure has been modified, principally by adding acetaldehyde to the reagents and by allowing the solution to stand for about 17 hr. at 30° instead of heating it at 1000. The modified method is 3-5 times as sensitive as Dische's original procedure, and several substances which interfere in the original method do not do so in the modified procedure. Some observations on the mechanism of the reaction have been made; in particular it was discovered that there is a liberation of inorganic orthophosphate from DNA during the early stages of the reaction. This finding has a bearing on the structure of DNA. The modified method has already been used in an investigation of nucleic acid metabolism during bacteriophage multiplication (Burton, 1955).

13,601 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2009-Radiocarbon
Abstract: Additional co-authors: TJ Heaton, AG Hogg, KA Hughen, KF Kaiser, B Kromer, SW Manning, RW Reimer, DA Richards, JR Southon, S Talamo, CSM Turney, J van der Plicht, CE Weyhenmeyer

13,118 citations


Authors

Showing all 99713 results

NameH-indexPapersCitations
Eric S. Lander301826525976
Albert Hofman2672530321405
Douglas G. Altman2531001680344
Salim Yusuf2311439252912
George Davey Smith2242540248373
Yi Chen2174342293080
David J. Hunter2131836207050
Nicholas J. Wareham2121657204896
Christopher J L Murray209754310329
Cyrus Cooper2041869206782
Mark J. Daly204763304452
David Miller2032573204840
Mark I. McCarthy2001028187898
Raymond J. Dolan196919138540
Frank E. Speizer193636135891
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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
2022176
202117,585
202017,297
201915,036
201813,724
201713,469

Top Attributes

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Institution's top 5 most impactful journals

Social Science Research Network

5.8K papers, 155.3K citations

bioRxiv

3.6K papers, 17.8K citations

Nature

3.4K papers, 635.4K citations

PLOS ONE

2K papers, 86.8K citations