University of Paderborn
Education•Paderborn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany•
About: University of Paderborn is a(n) education organization based out in Paderborn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Control reconfiguration & Software. The organization has 6684 authors who have published 16929 publication(s) receiving 323154 citation(s).
Papers published on a yearly basis
University of Udine1, International School for Advanced Studies2, National Research Council3, Massachusetts Institute of Technology4, University of Paris5, Princeton University6, University of Minnesota7, ParisTech8, University of Milan9, International Centre for Theoretical Physics10, University of Paderborn11, ETH Zurich12, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne13
TL;DR: QUANTUM ESPRESSO as discussed by the authors is an integrated suite of computer codes for electronic-structure calculations and materials modeling, based on density functional theory, plane waves, and pseudopotentials (norm-conserving, ultrasoft, and projector-augmented wave).
Abstract: QUANTUM ESPRESSO is an integrated suite of computer codes for electronic-structure calculations and materials modeling, based on density-functional theory, plane waves, and pseudopotentials (norm-conserving, ultrasoft, and projector-augmented wave). The acronym ESPRESSO stands for opEn Source Package for Research in Electronic Structure, Simulation, and Optimization. It is freely available to researchers around the world under the terms of the GNU General Public License. QUANTUM ESPRESSO builds upon newly-restructured electronic-structure codes that have been developed and tested by some of the original authors of novel electronic-structure algorithms and applied in the last twenty years by some of the leading materials modeling groups worldwide. Innovation and efficiency are still its main focus, with special attention paid to massively parallel architectures, and a great effort being devoted to user friendliness. QUANTUM ESPRESSO is evolving towards a distribution of independent and interoperable codes in the spirit of an open-source project, where researchers active in the field of electronic-structure calculations are encouraged to participate in the project by contributing their own codes or by implementing their own ideas into existing codes.
15 Sep 1998-Physical Review B
TL;DR: In this paper, an extension of the tight-binding (TB) approach to improve total energies, forces, and transferability is presented. The method is based on a second-order expansion of the Kohn-Sham total energy in density-functional theory (DFT) with respect to charge density fluctuations.
Abstract: We outline details about an extension of the tight-binding (TB) approach to improve total energies, forces, and transferability. The method is based on a second-order expansion of the Kohn-Sham total energy in density-functional theory (DFT) with respect to charge density fluctuations. The zeroth order approach is equivalent to a common standard non-self-consistent (TB) scheme, while at second order a transparent, parameter-free, and readily calculable expression for generalized Hamiltonian matrix elements may be derived. These are modified by a self-consistent redistribution of Mulliken charges (SCC). Besides the usual ``band structure'' and short-range repulsive terms the final approximate Kohn-Sham energy additionally includes a Coulomb interaction between charge fluctuations. At large distances this accounts for long-range electrostatic forces between two point charges and approximately includes self-interaction contributions of a given atom if the charges are located at one and the same atom. We apply the new SCC scheme to problems where deficiencies within the non-SCC standard TB approach become obvious. We thus considerably improve transferability.
University of Udine1, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne2, University of Lugano3, Leipzig University4, University of Paris5, University of North Texas6, Princeton University7, National Research Council8, International School for Advanced Studies9, Cornell University10, University of Lincoln11, University of Milan12, École Polytechnique13, International Centre for Theoretical Physics14, University of Paderborn15, University of Oxford16, Jožef Stefan Institute17, University of Padua18, Sapienza University of Rome19, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology20, University of British Columbia21, University of Lorraine22, Centre national de la recherche scientifique23, École Normale Supérieure24, University of Zurich25, Université Paris-Saclay26, Wake Forest University27, Temple University28
TL;DR: Recent extensions and improvements are described, covering new methodologies and property calculators, improved parallelization, code modularization, and extended interoperability both within the distribution and with external software.
Abstract: Quantum ESPRESSO is an integrated suite of open-source computer codes for quantum simulations of materials using state-of-the-art electronic-structure techniques, based on density-functional theory, density-functional perturbation theory, and many-body perturbation theory, within the plane-wave pseudopotential and projector-augmented-wave approaches Quantum ESPRESSO owes its popularity to the wide variety of properties and processes it allows to simulate, to its performance on an increasingly broad array of hardware architectures, and to a community of researchers that rely on its capabilities as a core open-source development platform to implement their ideas In this paper we describe recent extensions and improvements, covering new methodologies and property calculators, improved parallelization, code modularization, and extended interoperability both within the distribution and with external software
06 Jul 2012-IEEE Communications Magazine
TL;DR: This work compares and discusses design choices and features of proposed ICN architectures, focusing on the following main components: named data objects, naming and security, API, routing and transport, and caching.
Abstract: The information-centric networking (ICN) concept is a significant common approach of several future Internet research activities. The approach leverages in-network caching, multiparty communication through replication, and interaction models decoupling senders and receivers. The goal is to provide a network infrastructure service that is better suited to today?s use (in particular. content distribution and mobility) and more resilient to disruptions and failures. The ICN approach is being explored by a number of research projects. We compare and discuss design choices and features of proposed ICN architectures, focusing on the following main components: named data objects, naming and security, API, routing and transport, and caching. We also discuss the advantages of the ICN approach in general.
01 May 2015-Nature Nanotechnology
TL;DR: The design of the hologram integrates a ground metal plane with a geometric metasurface that enhances the conversion efficiency between the two circular polarization states, leading to high diffraction efficiency without complicating the fabrication process.
Abstract: Using a metasurface comprising an array of nanorods with different orientations and a backreflector, a hologram image can be obtained in the visible and near-infrared with limited loss of light intensity.
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|Robert W. Boyd||98||1161||37321|
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