Education•San Diego, California, United States•
About: University of San Diego is a education organization based out in San Diego, California, United States. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Population & Health care. The organization has 2544 authors who have published 4862 publications receiving 109089 citations. The organization is also known as: USD.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A management construct cannot be used effectively by practitioners and researchers if a common agreement on its definition is lacking as discussed by the authors, which is the case with the term "supply chain management".
Abstract: A management construct cannot be used effectively by practitioners and researchers if a common agreement on its definition is lacking. Such is the case with the term “supply chain management”—so many definitions are used that there is little consensus on what it means. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to examine the existing research in an effort to understand the concept of “supply chain management.” Various definitions of SCM and “supply chain” are reviewed, categorized, and synthesized. Definitions of supporting constructs of SCM and a framework are then offered to establish a consistent means to conceptualize SCM. Antecedents and consequences of SCM are identified, and the boundaries of SCM in terms of business functions and organizations are proposed. A conceptual model and unified definition of SCM are then presented that indicate the nature, antecedents, and consequences of the phenomena.
University of Maryland, College Park1, Queen's University2, Cornell University3, University of Minnesota4, Nanyang Technological University5, McKinsey & Company6, Koç University7, Jacobs University Bremen8, University of Minho9, The Chinese University of Hong Kong10, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad11, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru12, University of Valencia13, Johannes Kepler University of Linz14, Victoria University of Wellington15, Hungarian Academy of Sciences16, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens17, La Trobe University18, University of Melbourne19, Sungkyunkwan University20, ESSEC Business School21, University of San Diego22, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven23, University of Patras24, Human Sciences Research Council25, ODESSA26, University of Tartu27, Norwegian School of Economics28, University of Koblenz and Landau29, University of Sussex30, University of Sindh31, Gakushuin University32, University of Groningen33, University of Tokyo34
TL;DR: The differences across cultures in the enforcement of conformity may reflect their specific histories and advances knowledge that can foster cross-cultural understanding in a world of increasing global interdependence and has implications for modeling cultural change.
Abstract: With data from 33 nations, we illustrate the differences between cultures that are tight (have many strong norms and a low tolerance of deviant behavior) versus loose (have weak social norms and a high tolerance of deviant behavior). Tightness-looseness is part of a complex, loosely integrated multilevel system that comprises distal ecological and historical threats (e.g., high population density, resource scarcity, a history of territorial conflict, and disease and environmental threats), broad versus narrow socialization in societal institutions (e.g., autocracy, media regulations), the strength of everyday recurring situations, and micro-level psychological affordances (e.g., prevention self-guides, high regulatory strength, need for structure). This research advances knowledge that can foster cross-cultural understanding in a world of increasing global interdependence and has implications for modeling cultural change.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed three indices of pattern derived from information theory and fractal geometry for 94 quadrangles covering most of the eastern United States using digitized maps.
Abstract: Landscape ecology deals with the patterning of ecosystems in space. Methods are needed to quantify aspects of spatial pattern that can be correlated with ecological processes. The present paper develops three indices of pattern derived from information theory and fractal geometry. Using digitized maps, the indices are calculated for 94 quadrangles covering most of the eastern United States. The indices are shown to be reasonably independent of each other and to capture major features of landscape pattern. One of the indices, the fractal dimension, is shown to be correlated with the degree of human manipulation of the landscape.
TL;DR: Wang et al. as discussed by the authors used Landsat TM and ETM+ images from 1990 to 2000 in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) to retrieve the brightness temperatures and land use/cover types.
Abstract: Global warming has obtained more and more attention because the global mean surface temperature has increased since the late 19th century. As more than 50% of the human population lives in cities, urbanization has become an important contributor for global warming. Pearl River Delta (PRD) in Guangdong Province, southern China, is one of the regions experiencing rapid urbanization that has resulted in remarkable Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect, which will be sure to influence the regional climate, environment, and socio-economic development. In this study, Landsat TM and ETM+ images from 1990 to 2000 in the PRD were selected to retrieve the brightness temperatures and land use/cover types. A new index, Normalized Difference Bareness Index (NDBaI), was proposed to extract bare land from the satellite images. Additionally, Shenzhen, which has experienced the fastest urbanization in Guangdong Province, was taken as an example to analyze the temperature distribution and changes within a large city as its size expanded in the past decade. Results show that the UHI effect has become more prominent in areas of rapid urbanization in the PRD region. The spatial distribution of heat islands has been changed from a mixed pattern, where bare land, semi-bare land and land under development were warmer than other surface types, to extensive UHI. Our analysis showed that higher temperature in the UHI was located with a scattered pattern, which was related to certain land-cover types. In order to analyze the relationship between UHI and land-cover changes, this study attempted to employ a quantitative approach in exploring the relationship between temperature and several indices, including the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI), Normalized Difference Bareness Index (NDBaI) and Normalized Difference Build-up Index (NDBI). It was found that correlations between NDVI, NDWI, NDBaI and temperature are negative when NDVI is limited in range, but positive correlation is shown between NDBI and temperature.
TL;DR: Subgroup and meta-regression analyses indicated that this masculine construal of leadership has decreased over time and was greater for male than female research participants, and stereotypes portrayed leaders as less masculine in educational organizations than in other domains and in moderate- than in high-status leader roles.
Abstract: This meta-analysis examined the extent to which stereotypes of leaders are culturally masculine. The primary studies fit into 1 of 3 paradigms: (a) In Schein's (1973) think manager-think male paradigm, 40 studies with 51 effect sizes compared the similarity of male and leader stereotypes and the similarity of female and leader stereotypes; (b) in Powell and Butterfield's (1979) agency-communion paradigm, 22 studies with 47 effect sizes compared stereotypes of leaders' agency and communion; and (c) in Shinar's (1975) masculinity-femininity paradigm, 7 studies with 101 effect sizes represented stereotypes of leadership-related occupations on a single masculinity-femininity dimension. Analyses implemented appropriate random and mixed effects models. All 3 paradigms demonstrated overall masculinity of leader stereotypes: (a) In the think manager-think male paradigm, intraclass correlation = .25 for the women-leaders similarity and intraclass correlation = .62 for the men-leaders similarity; (b) in the agency-communion paradigm, g = 1.55, indicating greater agency than communion; and (c) in the masculinity-femininity paradigm, g = 0.92, indicating greater masculinity than the androgynous scale midpoint. Subgroup and meta-regression analyses indicated that this masculine construal of leadership has decreased over time and was greater for male than female research participants. In addition, stereotypes portrayed leaders as less masculine in educational organizations than in other domains and in moderate- than in high-status leader roles. This article considers the relation of these findings to Eagly and Karau's (2002) role congruity theory, which proposed contextual influences on the incongruity between stereotypes of women and leaders. The implications for prejudice against women leaders are also considered.
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|James F. Sallis||169||825||144836|
|William J. Sandborn||162||1317||108564|
|Anders M. Dale||156||823||133891|
|Bernhard O. Palsson||147||831||85051|
|Jay N. Giedd||117||298||64285|
|Stephen M. Stahl||115||1477||61371|
|Robert K. Heaton||112||538||51181|
|Randall S. Johnson||111||310||51721|
|Marc A. Schuckit||106||643||43484|
|J. Silvio Gutkind||104||442||41775|
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