Education•Worcester, United Kingdom•
About: University of Worcester is a education organization based out in Worcester, United Kingdom. It is known for research contribution in the topics: Palliative care & Population. The organization has 790 authors who have published 2160 publications receiving 34039 citations. The organization is also known as: University College Worcester & Worcester College of Higher Education.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Genome-wide analysis identifies 30 loci associated with bipolar disorder, allowing for comparisons of shared genes and pathways with other psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia and depression.
Abstract: Bipolar disorder is a highly heritable psychiatric disorder. We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) including 20,352 cases and 31,358 controls of European descent, with follow-up analysis of 822 variants with P < 1 × 10-4 in an additional 9,412 cases and 137,760 controls. Eight of the 19 variants that were genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10-8) in the discovery GWAS were not genome-wide significant in the combined analysis, consistent with small effect sizes and limited power but also with genetic heterogeneity. In the combined analysis, 30 loci were genome-wide significant, including 20 newly identified loci. The significant loci contain genes encoding ion channels, neurotransmitter transporters and synaptic components. Pathway analysis revealed nine significantly enriched gene sets, including regulation of insulin secretion and endocannabinoid signaling. Bipolar I disorder is strongly genetically correlated with schizophrenia, driven by psychosis, whereas bipolar II disorder is more strongly correlated with major depressive disorder. These findings address key clinical questions and provide potential biological mechanisms for bipolar disorder.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a standardized assessment of 25 532 rates of phenological change for 726 UK terrestrial, freshwater and marine taxa and trophic levels and show that the majority of spring and summer events have advanced, and more rapidly than previously documented.
Abstract: Recent changes in the seasonal timing (phenology) of familiar biological events have been one of the most conspicuous signs of climate change. However, the lack of a standardized approach to analysing change has hampered assessment of consistency in such changes among different taxa and trophic levels and across freshwater, terrestrial and marine environments. We present a standardized assessment of 25 532 rates of phenological change for 726 UK terrestrial, freshwater and marine taxa. The majority of spring and summer events have advanced, and more rapidly than previously documented. Such consistency is indicative of shared large scale drivers. Furthermore, average rates of change have accelerated in a way that is consistent with observed warming trends. Less coherent patterns in some groups of organisms point to the agency of more local scale processes and multiple drivers. For the first time we show a broad scale signal of differential phenological change among trophic levels; across environments advances in timing were slowest for secondary consumers, thus heightening the potential risk of temporal mismatch in key trophic interactions. If current patterns and rates of phenological change are indicative of future trends, future climate warming may exacerbate trophic mismatching, further disrupting the functioning, persistence and resilience of many ecosystems and having a major impact on ecosystem services.
TL;DR: In this article, a systematic review of the literature published since 1999 on paediatric health-related quality of life (HRQL) in relation to parent-child agreement is presented.
Abstract: To systematically review the literature published since 1999 on paediatric health-related quality of life (HRQL) in relation to parent–child agreement. Literature searches used to identify studies which evaluated parent–child agreement for child HRQL measures. Nineteen studies were identified, including four HRQL instruments. The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ (PedsQL™) was most commonly used. Differences in parent–child agreement were noted between domains for different measures. The impact of child and parent characteristics were not consistently considered; however parents of children in a nonclinical sample tended to report higher child HRQL scores than children themselves, while parents of children with health conditions tended to underestimate child HRQL. Despite increasing numbers of studies considering children’s HRQL, information about variables contributing to parent–child agreement levels remains limited. Authors need to consistently provide evidence for reliability and validity of measures, and design studies to systematically investigate variables that impact on levels of parent–child agreement.
Norwich Research Park1, University of California, Riverside2, University of Florida3, West Bengal State University4, Mediterranea University of Reggio Calabria5, Agro ParisTech6, University of Nice Sophia Antipolis7, Deakin University8, National Research Council9, College of Horticulture10, University of Massachusetts Amherst11, James Hutton Institute12, University of Tennessee13, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada14, Oregon State University15, Agricultural Research Service16, University of Alabama at Birmingham17, University of Warwick18, University of Worcester19, Utrecht University20, Virginia Tech21, University of Manitoba22, Cornell University23, International Potato Center24, Wageningen University and Research Centre25, Institut national de la recherche agronomique26, North Carolina State University27
TL;DR: A survey to query the community for their ranking of plant-pathogenic oomycete species based on scientific and economic importance received 263 votes from 62 scientists in 15 countries for a total of 33 species and the Top 10 species are provided.
Abstract: Oomycetes form a deep lineage of eukaryotic organisms that includes a large number of plant pathogens which threaten natural and managed ecosystems. We undertook a survey to query the community for their ranking of plant-pathogenic oomycete species based on scientific and economic importance. In total, we received 263 votes from 62 scientists in 15 countries for a total of 33 species. The Top 10 species and their ranking are: (1) Phytophthora infestans; (2, tied) Hyaloperonospora arabidopsidis; (2, tied) Phytophthora ramorum; (4) Phytophthora sojae; (5) Phytophthora capsici; (6) Plasmopara viticola; (7) Phytophthora cinnamomi; (8, tied) Phytophthora parasitica; (8, tied) Pythium ultimum; and (10) Albugo candida. This article provides an introduction to these 10 taxa and a snapshot of current research. We hope that the list will serve as a benchmark for future trends in oomycete research.
TL;DR: For the first time, specific loci that distinguish between BD and SCZ are discovered and polygenic components underlying multiple symptom dimensions are identified that point to the utility of genetics to inform symptomology and potential treatment.
Abstract: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are two distinct diagnoses that share symptomology. Understanding the genetic factors contributing to the shared and disorder-specific symptoms will be crucial for improving diagnosis and treatment. In genetic data consisting of 53,555 cases (20,129 bipolar disorder [BD], 33,426 schizophrenia [SCZ]) and 54,065 controls, we identified 114 genome-wide significant loci implicating synaptic and neuronal pathways shared between disorders. Comparing SCZ to BD (23,585 SCZ, 15,270 BD) identified four genomic regions including one with disorder-independent causal variants and potassium ion response genes as contributing to differences in biology between the disorders. Polygenic risk score (PRS) analyses identified several significant correlations within case-only phenotypes including SCZ PRS with psychotic features and age of onset in BD. For the first time, we discover specific loci that distinguish between BD and SCZ and identify polygenic components underlying multiple symptom dimensions. These results point to the utility of genetics to inform symptomology and potential treatment.
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|Gerard P. Aurigemma||59||212||17127|
|Carsten Ambelas Skjøth||40||144||4282|
|Paul K. Davis||39||282||6400|
|Ian L. Jones||39||138||5161|
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