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Institution

Vavuniya General Hospital

HealthcareVavuniya, Sri Lanka
About: Vavuniya General Hospital is a(n) healthcare organization based out in Vavuniya, Sri Lanka. It is known for research contribution in the topic(s): Mental health & Tamil. The organization has 4 authors who have published 4 publication(s) receiving 32 citation(s). The organization is also known as: Vavuniya Hospital & Vavuniya District General Hospital.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Results suggest a need to review and rebuild masculine identity to support the mental health of refugee men in Canada.
Abstract: Refugee men face unique mental health stressors in the pre- and post-migratory periods. However, there has been little in-depth research on the mental health of refugee men in Canada. Given this situation, the overall aim of this study is to explore the psycho-social experience of Sri Lankan Tamil refugee men in Canada. Particular objectives include better understanding any inter-relationship between war-trauma, migration, concepts of masculinity and mental health. The study employed a two-phase participatory action research design based on the grounded theory approach. Phase 1 involved an 8-month ethnography conducted in Sri Lanka. Phase 2 consisted of qualitative interviews with 33 Sri Lankan Tamil refugee men living in Canada. Consistent with grounded theory, analysis was conducted inductively and iteratively. Four specific themes emerged from the data (i) gendered helplessness of war: participants commonly reported ongoing negative rumination regarding experiences where they were unable to adequately protect loved ones from physical suffering or death; (ii) reduced capacity: participants frequently felt unable to fulfill culturally sanctioned duties, such as supporting their family, due to ongoing pre- and post-migratory stress; (iii) redundancy: many participants felt that they were useless in Canada, as they could not fulfill typical masculine social roles (e.g. provider) due to factors such as unemployment and underemployment; (iv) intimate criticism: some participants reported that their spouses would often attempt to 'shame' them into greater achievement by constantly reminding them of their 'failures'. Many found this distressing. These various failures culminated in a state that we label "depleted masculinity", which participants linked to emotional and behavioural problems. Participants reported that they actively tried to rebuild their masculine identity, for example by adopting leadership roles in community organizations, which fostered resiliency. Results suggest a need to review and rebuild masculine identity to support the mental health of refugee men.

20 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
16 Aug 2019-PLOS ONE
TL;DR: Central coordination of the treatment and ultimately prevention of thalassemia is urgently needed in Sri Lanka and development of expert centers with designated staff with sufficient resources will improve the quality of care.
Abstract: Objectives Our aim was to describe the numbers and distribution of patients with different types of thalassemia and to assess the standards of care in all thalassemia treatment centers throughout Sri Lanka and the success of the ongoing prevention programme. Methods This cross-sectional island-wide survey was conducted by two trained medical graduates, who visited each thalassemia center to collect data from every patient, using a standardized form. Data was collected through review of patient registers and clinical records. Results We collected data on 1774 patients from 23 centers. 1219 patients (68.7%) had homozygous β-thalassemia, 360 patients (20.3%) had hemoglobin E β-thalassemia, and 50 patients (2%) had sickle β-thalassemia. There were unacceptably high serum ferritin levels in almost all centers. The annual number of births of patients with β-thalassaemia varied between 45-55, with little evidence of reduction over 19 years. Conclusions Central coordination of the treatment and ultimately prevention of thalassemia is urgently needed in Sri Lanka. Development of expert centers with designated staff with sufficient resources will improve the quality of care and is preferred to managing patients in multiple small units.

10 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It can be concluded that both SARME and OME induce reduction but not elimination of PBF to maxillary anterior teeth and therefore do not cause loss of pulp vitality; surgery for SARME does not significantly reduce PBF, rather it is the process of maxillary expansion that significantly reduces PBF in SARME patients.
Abstract: Introduction The aim of this work was to assess and compare changes in pulp blood flow (PBF) and pulp sensibility (PS) after surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) and rapid orthopedic maxillary expansion (OME). Methods Ten patients requiring SARME and 10 requiring OME had the pulp status of their maxillary incisors and canines assessed with the use of laser Doppler flowmetry, electric pulp testing (EPT), and CO2 snow. The SARME group was assessed at T1-S (before surgery), T2-S (after surgery, before expansion), T3-S (after surgery, at completion of expansion), and T4-S (3 months after surgery). The OME group was assessed at T1-O (before expansion), T2-O (after rapid expansion), and T3-O (3 months after expansion commencement). Relationships between PBF/PS and the procedures, assessment times, and tooth types were evaluated. Results In the SARME group, surgery did not cause significant (P ≥0.05) reduction in PBF, maxillary expansion did cause significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T4-S, and nonresponses to both EPT and CO2 peaked at T2-S. In the OME group, rapid expansion caused significant (P ≤0.05) reduction in PBF, pretreatment PBF was reestablished by T3-O, and all teeth responded to at least 1 of EPT or CO2 at each assessment time. Conclusions and clinical implications Within the study's limitations, it can be concluded that both SARME and OME induce reduction but not elimination of PBF to maxillary anterior teeth and therefore do not cause loss of pulp vitality; surgery for SARME does not significantly reduce PBF to maxillary anterior teeth, rather it is the process of maxillary expansion that significantly reduces PBF in SARME patients; and caution when using CO2 and EPT tests alone to assess pulp status after SARME is warranted because the capacity for CO2 or EPT to provide negative sensibility responses despite the presence of PBF was observed.

2 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Open tibiafracturen zijn vaak ernstige letsels die gepaard gaan met een hoger risico op complicaties dan gesloten fracturen. Indien een open tibiafractuur wordt opgelopen in een oorlogssituatie, met slechte toegankelijkheid tot specialistische zorg, worden nog veel vaker complicaties gezien, zoals geinfecteerde non-union en osteomyelitis. In dit artikel worden drie patienten gepresenteerd die tijdens de burgeroorlog in Noord-Sri Lanka een open tibiafractuur opliepen. Meer dan een jaar na het trauma werden zij behandeld met een ipsilaterale gevasculariseerde fibulatranspositie. Bij twee van hen kon met deze procedure een onderbeenamputatie worden voorkomen. In dit artikel worden de indicaties, de anatomie en de techniek beschreven.

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers from the Institution in previous years
YearPapers
20192
20181
20121